Case 4: If In this case y = 1.6
, theny = x – 2 + x – 2.5 + x – 3.6 = 3x – 8.1
The minimum value of this will be at x = 3.6 = 27Hence the minimum value of y is attained at x = 2.5
Q.In a 4000 meter race around a circular stadium having a circumference of 1000 meters, thefastest runner and the slowest runner reach the same point at the end of the 5
minute, for the first time after the start of the race. All the runners have the same staring point and eachrunner maintains a uniform speed throughout the race. If the fastest runner runs at twice thespeed of the slowest runner, what is the time taken by the fastest runner to finish the race?1. 20 min 2. 15 min 3. 10 min 4. 5 min
Soln. (3) — The ratio of the speeds of the fastest and the slowest runners is 2 : 1. Hence theyshould meet at only one point on the circumference i.e. the starting point (As thedifference in the ratio in reduced form is 1). For the two of them to meet for the firsttime, the faster should have completed one complete round over the slower one.Since the two of them meet for the first time after 5 min, the faster one should havecompleted 2 rounds (i.e. 2000 m) and the slower one should have completed 1round. (i.e. 1000 m) in this time. Thus, the faster one would complete the race (i.e.4000 m) in 10 min.
Q.A positive whole number M less than 100 is represented in base 2 notation, base 3 notation,and base 5 notation. It is found that in all three cases the last digit is 1, while in exactly twoout of the three cases the leading digit is 1. Then M equals1. 312. 633. 754. 91
Soln. (4) — Since the last digit in base 2, 3 and 5 is 1, the number should be such that ondividing by either 2, 3 or 5 we should get a remainder 1. The smallest such number is 31. The next set of numbers are 61, 91.Among these only 31 and 91 are a part of the answer choices.Among these,
= = =
Thus, all three forms have leading digit 1.Hence the answer is 91.
Q.Which one of the following conditions must p, q and r satisfy so that the following system of linear simultaneous equations has at least one solution, such that p + q + r
0?x+ 2y – 3z = p2x + 6y – 11z = qx – 2y + 7z = r 1. 5p –2q – r = 0 2. 5p + 2q + r = 0 3. 5p + 2q – r = 0 4. 5p – 2q + r = 0
Soln. (1) — It is given that
+ + ≠
, if we consider the first option, and multiply the firstequation by 5, second by –2 and third by –1, we see that the coefficients of x, y andz all add up-to zero.Thus, 5p – 2q – r = 0No other option satisfies this.
Q.How many even integers n, where100n200
, are divisible neither by seven nor by nine?1. 402. 373. 394. 38
Soln. (3) — There are 101 integers in all, of which 51 are even.From 100 to 200, there are 14 multiples of 7, of which 7 are even.There are 11 multiples of 9, of which 6 are even.But there is one integer (i.e. 126) that is a multiple of both 7 and 9 and also even.Hence the answer is (51 – 7 – 6 + 1) = 39