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Anglická gramatika cvičebnica + testy

Anglická gramatika cvičebnica + testy

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44
 
ANGLICKÁ GRAMATIKA – CVIČEBNICA
PERSONAL AND POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS: I – me – my – mine(osobné a privlastňovacie zámená)
   P   e   r   s   o   n   a    l   p   r   o   n   o   u   n   s
    (  o  s  o    b  n   é   z   á  m  e  n   á   p  r  e    d  s    l  o  v  e  s  o  m    )
   P   e   r   s   o   n   a    l   p   r   o   n   o   u   n   s
    (  o  s  o    b  n   é   z   á  m  e  n   á   z  a  s    l  o  v  e  s  o  m    )
   P   o   s   s   e   s   s   i  v   e   p   r   o   n   o   u   n   s
    (   p  r   i  v    l  a  s   t   ň  o  v  a  c   i  e   z   á  m  e  n   á   p  r  e    d   p  o    d  s   t  a   t  -  n   ý  m   m  e  n  o  m    )
   P   o   s   s   e   s   s   i  v   e   p   r   o   n   o   u   n   s
    (   p  r   i  v    l  a  s   t   ň  o  v  a  c   i  e   z   á  m  e  n   á  s  a  m  o  s   t  a   t  n  e  s   t  o   j  a  c  e    )
I
(am)(tell)
mem
(book)(a book o
) mine you
(are)(tell)
 youyour
(book)(a book o
) yourshe
(is)(tell)
himhis
(book)(a book o
) hisshe
(is)(tell)
herher
(book)(a book o
) hersit
(is)(tell)
itits
(book)(a book o
) –we
(are)(tell)
usour
(book)(a book o
) ours you
(are)(tell)
 youyour
(book)(a book o
) yoursthey 
(are)(tell)
themtheir
(book)(a book o
) theirs
Exercise 44: Read Zuzana’ s story about her trip and fll in the gaps with a pro-noun or possessive.
 Example:
It was
my
dream to go to Denmark.
I wanted to go there to visit two friends of 
1
................... , Mária and Jana, who worked there as au pairs.
2
................... had been there for six months.
3
................... friends advised me to y from Bratislava toCopenhagen. Tat was the best way for
4
................... to travel. I had never own before so
5
...................was quite nervous. Whenever my family goes on holiday, we always forget to take something with
6
.................... Once, my brother forgot to take
7
................... camera, then my grandparents forgot
8
................... bus tickets, but this time, I forgot
9
................... passport. When I arrived at the airport, thewoman at the check-in desk asked
10
................... for the passport, but I couldn’ t nd
11
................... any-where. I had to leave the queue and then phone home. My mum answered and told
12
................... that Ihad left the passport on the hall table. Luckily,
13
................... had asked Aunt Lucy to bring
14
...................to me at the airport. She gave me
15
................... aunt’ s mobile number. Just as I was dialling the number,a large customs ocer tapped me on the shoulder. I turned round, quite frightened. He asked
16
................... if I had lost something. I was about to answer when I noticed that
17
................... was holding
18
................... passport in
19
................... hand! Aunt Lucy was standing just behind him and smiling likean idiot. Aunt Lucy went with
20
................... back to the queue at the check-in counter. I was really nervous, so I was really pleased to have
21
................... company. After getting
22
................... ticket, I saw 
 
IV. PRONOUNS (ZÁMENÁ)
 
45
that I only had a few minutes left. I said goodbye to Aunt Lucy and ran up to the security control. Tewoman at the desk took
23
................... ticket and asked, “Do
24
................... have
25
................... passport?”“Of course,” I answered with a smile.
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS (zvratné zámená: seba, sa; myself – sámseba)
Zvratné zámená majú v angličtine zdôrazňujúcu funkciu. Tvoria sa takto:
myself 
 
 
on my own:
 
Napr
. I will do it mysel. I will do it on my own.
(Urobím to sám.)
 yourself 
 
 
on your own
himself 
 
 
on his own
herself 
 
 
on her own
itself 
 
 
on its own
ourselves
 
 
on our own
 yourselves
 
 
on your own
themselves
 
 
on their own
Exercise 45: Put in the suitable reexive pronoun.
 Example:
You don’ t have to help me. I will do it
myself 
.
1. Look at .................................. . You are very pale.2. Make .................................. at home. (Cíťte sa ako doma.)3. We have a problem with nances .................................. .4. My brother never repairs his car .................................. .5. My grandparents will take care of .................................. .6. Do you ever talk to .................................. ?7. Tey had a great time at the party. Tey enjoyed .................................. .8. Shall we decorate your room .................................. ?9. Te restaurant .................................. wasn’ t very nice, but the food was great.10. I’ ve done it .................................. . Nobody has helped me.
Exercise 46: Translate the ollowing sentences into English.
1. Keď bola Klára malá, sama si ostrihala vlasy.2. ú večeru som kúpil ja.3. Moji susedia si sami postavili dom.4. Prosím ťa, ponúkni sa.5. Auto samo o sebe je pekné, ale nie je spoľahlivé.
 
46
 
ANGLICKÁ GRAMATIKA – CVIČEBNICA
EACH OTHER / ONE ANOTHER(jeden druhého, jeden druhému atď.)
Exercise 47: What is the dierence in meaning between these two sentences?Translate them into Slovak.
1. om and Jane
 
2. om and Jane areare looking at
each other.
looking at
themselves
.
Exercise 48: Complete the sentences with -SELVES or EACH OTHER.
 Example:
It’ s very nice that your children help
each other 
with their homework.
1. Gavin and Jennifer haven’ t seen .................................. for a long time.2. My parents love .................................. .3. Me and my brother never listen to .................................. .4. Our children always help .................................. when they are in trouble .5. Selsh people only think of .................................. .
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS (neurčité zámená)SOME – (niektorý / nejaký), ANY – (žiadny / akýkoľvek / hociktorý),NO – (žiadny)
Some
+ podstatné meno (niektorý, nejaký),
somebody, someone
(niekto),
something 
 (niečo),
somewhere
(niekde, niekam) sa používajú:- v kladných oznamovacích vetách.
Napr.
Tere are some apples le.
- v otázkach, na ktoré očakávame kladnú odpoveď.
Napr.
Will you have some more cofee? 
Any 
+ podstatné meno (akýkoľvek, hociktorý),
anybody, anyone
(hocikto,ktokoľvek),
anything 
(čokoľvek, hocičo),
anywhere
(kdekoľvek, kamkoľvek) sapoužívajú:- v kladných vetách zovšeobecňujúcich, t.j. vo význame hocijaký / -á .
Napr.
Call anybody to help me.
(Zavolaj hocikoho, aby mi pomohol.)
- v otázkach namiesto „some“, vtedy znamenajú nejaký, niekto, niečo, niekde aniekam.
Napr.
Is anybody here? 
(Je tu niekto?)
- v záporných vetách (not any), vtedy znamenajú žiadny, nikto, nič, nikde, nikam.
Napr.
Tere wasn’ t anybody in the house
. (Nikto nebol v dome.)
No
+ podstatné meno (žiadny),
none
(žiadny),
nobody
(nikto),
no one
(žiadny),
nothing 
(nič),
nowhere
(nikde, nikam) sa používajú len v zápornom význame.

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