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Reproduction and Hereditary Unit

Reproduction and Hereditary Unit

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Published by: Biologyhelper Person on Oct 03, 2011
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10/03/2011

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~Biology Reproductionand HeredityTest
Achondroplasticdwarism is a dominant genetic traitthat causes severe malf ormation of theskeleton. Homozygotesor thisconditionarespontaneously aborted (hence,the homozygous condition islethal) but heterozygoteswill develop tobe dwarfed.
':; .:. / .- 
Matthew hasaamily historyothe condition, although he does not express thetrait. Jane is an achondroplastic dwarf .Matthewand Jane areplanning a family of several childrenand',1ant toknowthe chancesof producinga child withachondroplasticdwarism. I.The genotypes oMatthew and Jane are best representedas
:.? t .
-(
MatthewJane
l   
.
. -
,
(A)AA Aa
,1
(8)
Aa
I  
~ ,'_
aa
(C  )
aaaa
(D)
aaAa
(E)
AaAa-, The probabilitythatMatthew and Jane'sirst child will be anachondroplastic d\varis
(A)
0%
(8) 25%
(C) 50%
(D)75%
(E) 100%
3. If three childrenare born toMatthewand Jane, what arethe chances that thefirst two childrenwill not cxpressthe trait but that thethirdchildwill be anachondroplastic dwarf ?
(A) 5 / 8
(8)
4 / 8
(C) 3 / 8
(D)1 / 8
(E)1 / 16
4. Whichof thefollowingcan bediagnosed by examining akaryotype oran individual'swhite bl~,<< j)dcells'! (A)Sicklecellanemia
'if'
(8)Alzheimer disease (C)Downsyndrome (D) Cysticfibrosis (E) Ouchennemuscular dystrophy
S.
Vhichof thefollowingmutationswould bemost likelytohave a harmulef ectonanorganism'! (A) Abase-pairsubstitution (8) A deletionof threenucleotidesnear themiddle of a gene
(C)
A single nucleotidedeletion in the middle of an intron (D)A single nucleotide deletion near the end of thecoding of thecoding sequence (E)A single nucleotideinseI1ion downstreamof, andcloseto,thestartof the codingsequence
 
(). Two genes,A and 8, are linked. An individual,,'!-to
j-
Aa8b produces equalnumbers of ourgame. AB, Ab,aRandab.The bestexplanation orthi \ 'ouldbe that "- (A) ondisjuntion occurred (B) The genes are on homologouschromosomes (C) The genes are onnonhomologuschromosomes (D) Thetwogenes are close together on thesamehromosome. (E)The two genesare separated by a large distan eonthesamechromosome 7. A couple has5 children,allsons.If the  \ 'omangivesbirth to asixth child,what isthe probabilitythat the sixth child will be a son?
(A)
5 / 
(B)
1 / 
(C)
1 / 
(D)1 / 6
(E) 1 / 64
(A) 0
(B)1 / 16
(C) 1 / 4 (D) 1 / 2
(E)
3 / 4
Acultureof white-eyed fi'uit flies
(Dr os ophil IIlelall og aster)
was maintained or many generations. Females rom the stock white-eyed culture werecrossed with red-eyed (wild-type) males. The F
1
emaleswerecrossed with thewhite-eyed males
f<ten~tlI igiIialseLlIrCi~
Theresultingphenotypes of the progenyaresummarized below. White-eyed emalesx red-eyed males
10 ()(1i)
of emales arered-eyed
I
 ) )( 
of males areVhite-eyed F
I
red-eyed femalesx white-eyed males
50%)
of emalesarered-eyedand 50%arcwhite-eyed
50%)
of males are red-eyedand 50%arewhite-eyed
 
Iebestexplanation orthered-eyedF
I
femalesis (A)mutation (8) culture contamination (C) dominance (D) multiple loci(E) sex-influencedtraits 12.There are \vhite-eyed emalesin the
]
generation because (A) white isadominantallele (B) thewhiteallele is autosomal (C)a mutation hasocculTed (D) these F
2
emaleshavetwowhite alleles (E) the whitealleleis locatedonthe Ychromosome 13. Which of thefollowingbest describesthemode of inheritance oeyecolor in thevhite culture'? (A)Autosomal (8) Dom inant
(C  )
Located on the Y chromosome (D)Sex-linked (E) Lethal14.[nsheep,eye color is controlled byasingle gene with two alleles. When a homozygousbrown-eyedsheep iscrossedwith a homozygous green-eyedsheep.blue-eyed ofspring are produced. If theblue-eyedsheep aremated with each other,what percentof their of springwill most likely have brown eyes')
(A) 0%(8) 25%
(C) 50%(D)75% (E) 100%
15,
[n peasthe trait for tall plantsisdominant
(7)
and the trait forshort plantsis recessive
(I).
Thetraitor yellow seed color isdominant
(Y)
and thetraitforgreenseedcolor isrecessive
(y).
A crossbetweent \  \ 'O plantsresults in 296 tall yellowplants and 104 tallgreen plants.Which of the followingaremost likelyto bethegenotypesof the parents?
(A)
TTYY  xTT 
(8)
TT  )
x
Tn  )
(C)
T
Yy
x
Tty)
(D)
Tl 
x
Tr ,r 
(E)
Tt yy
x
Tny
16.All of thefollowingnitrogenousbases arepresent in RNA EXCEPT: (A)adenine (8) cytosine (C)guanine (D)thymine (E)uracil

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