Glossary of video terms
09/11/2004 07:50:55 AM
Glossary of video terms.
[Numbers in brackets refer to chapter where the definition appears in TODAY'S VIDEO]
24 bit color --- Computer graphics system where each pixel can have 256 levels of red, 256 levels of green,
and 256 levels of blue simultaneously, allowing each pixel to be any of over 16+ million colors (256x256x256).
3/4U--- Aging industrial videocassette format. Uses 3/4-inch tape in cassettes. 
3/4U-SP--- Superior performance version of 3/4U, totally compatible with it. 
3-D modeling--- Electronic graphics technique or software that allows one to designate points in three dimensional
space, connect those points, cover the resulting wireframe with a selected material, then move or rotate the object,
showing it from various angles. Objects can be combined and allowed to reflect or cast shadows upon each other
and/or their backgrounds. 
3-to-1 rule--- Position mikes at least 3 times farther from each other than they are from the people speaking into
8 bit color--- A picture's colors are selected from a palette of 256 colors in a color lookup table. Only 256 colors are
available in a single picture. 
8mm--- Eight millimeter. Nearly 1/4-inch wide tape used in popular lightweight home camcorders. This is also the
width of home movie film which is also called 8mm. 
8-pin--- Rectangular plug with eight pins and a cable that goes with it used to carry audio, video, and other signals
between a monitor/receiver and a videocassette recorder.
A/B roll--- Technique of placing one scene on one video tape (and VTP) and another scene on another and then
rolling (playing) both VTPs together, along with the editing VTR, in order to fade, dissolve or do a special effect using
both scenes at once. 
A/B switch--- Electrical switch which selects either the signal from cable A or the signal from cable B and feeds the
results to a TV, VCR, or other destination. 
A/B/C roll--- An edit employing 3 video players where the image comes from player A, then through some special
effect transitions to B, and then to C. 
Above-the-line costs--- Production expenses related only to a particular show. Examples: special talent, writers,
travel, charges for special effects. 
AC adaptor--- Device that connects to a wall outlet (AC), and sends power to a device to: charge its batteries, or
operate without using battery power. 
AC--- Alternating Current, which comes from the wall outlet (not DC---Direct Current---which comes from a battery).
Access channel--- Cable TV channel set aside for local community use, like town meetings, school sports, local
affairs, and news. 
Accession number--- Numerical order (1, 2, 3, etc.) assigned to tapes as they are acquired or recorded.