SCREEN PRINT INDIA - July 2011
of the fabric, meaning there is no chanceof colours bleeding, or washing out, andone of the biggest advantages over 'screenprinting' and other processes. The only waythey are going to come out is possibly iffabric is kept in the sun for the next twoor three years but then the material willprobably sun rot before the dyes go away.Dye particles that are used for this type ofdye sublimation are designed to only bondwith polymers, so the higher the polyestercontent in the material the more dye thatwill bond giving a brighter image. Thisis why dye sublimation can’t be done onnatural materials, such as 100% cotton.Natural ﬁbers and noncoated materialswhich have no 'pores' to open cannotaccept the gas vapor. The dye particlesare designed to bond with polyester, andignore everything else. It is like trying to mix oil and water with most natural materials.Out of all of other printing methods, dye subis the most eco-friendlyDye sublimation will produce fantasticcolor on white and light colored fabrics.The technology is perfect for high-margincustomization, certain sporting uniformsor jerseys, performance apparel or anyapplication where photo-realistic images areneeded and durability a top priority.
Direct & Transfer
Dye Sublimation can be applied on the fabricin two different ways either directly on fabric,i.e. direct print or ﬁrst on the paper and thenon fabric i.e. transfer print
Transfer Dye Sublimation Print
The images are initially printed on coatedtransfer paper as a reverse image of the ﬁnaldesign. The paper is then placed on the pre-cut polyester fabric pattern and both areplaced into a heat press. When the heatingcycle is completed, under high temperatureand pressure, the dye turns into a gas andpermeates the fabric and then solidiﬁes intoits ﬁbers, the image on the paper has beentransferred to the item and has actuallyreformed into or underneath the surface.The fabric is permanently dyed so it can bewashed without damaging the quality ofimage. See Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.
Direct Dye SublimationPrint
The images are directlyprinted on treatedpolyester fabrics, whichare then heated by heat-ﬁxation devise that ﬁxesthe color on the fabrics.This method eliminates
Dye particles that are used forthis type of dye sublimationare designed to only bondwith polymers, so the higherthe polyester content in thematerial the more dye thatwill bond giving a brighterimage. This is why dyesublimation can’t be doneon natural materials, such as100% cotton.
Fig 3 : Process ﬂow of Transfer Dye Sublimation Print Fig 4 Process ﬂow of Transfer Dye Sublimation Print