Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Sublimation Print for Textile Material

Sublimation Print for Textile Material

|Views: 673|Likes:
Published by Vasant Kothari

More info:

Published by: Vasant Kothari on Oct 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Colour is something, which makes the objectmore appealing, attractive and gives thepleasure of observation. The desire to creategarments and other artefacts that reflect thebeauty of the world around us and providefor the expression of artistic nature hasbeen evident from early in human history.Textile materials like fabric and garment canbe coloured in two ways either by dyeing orprinting. Dyeing is colouring the fabric orgarment with the single color and printingis applying coloured patterns and designsto decorate a finished fabric. Textile printingis the most versatile and important of themethods used for introducing colour anddesign to textile fabrics. Textile printingrequires the correct coordination betweenthe printing machinery support and thehuman skill for producing the best of theresults. Textile printing uses various printingtechniques like, Screen, block, ink jet, hand,block, tie and die, kalamkari, batik, whilegarment printing can be done by Plastizol,Fluorescent, Metallic, Puff, Foil printingapart from above textile printing. Severaltechniques have been are in use and thecolorants available have multiplied, the
Sublimation Print for Textile Material
Textile printing requires the correct coordination between the printing machinery support and the human skill for producing the best of theresults, says Vasant R. Kothari
latest and the most popular is SublimationPrint for Textile Materials.Dye sublimation printing work under theprocess of sublimation, so it is necessaryto understand sublimation to understandthe dye sublimation printing process. Wehave learnt in Chemistry that an element orcompound normally has 3 states viz. solid,liquid and gaseous state and conversion fromone state to another can happen by applyingheat (solid >> liquid >> gaseous) or byremoving heat (gaseous >> liquid >> solid).See Fig. 1.
The technology works primarily on polyesterand special polyester coatings applied tothe surface of an object. Sublimation worksby dying the fabric with colour, allowingthe fabrics natural wicking properties to bemaintained. At high temperatures, the soliddye converts into a gas without ever becominga liquid. The same high temperature opensthe pores of the polyester fabric and allowsthe gas to enter. When the temperaturedrops, the pores close and the gas revertsto a solid state. It has now become a part
Fig 1 : The nomenclature for different phase transitionsFig 2
of the fabric, meaning there is no chanceof colours bleeding, or washing out, andone of the biggest advantages over 'screenprinting' and other processes. The only waythey are going to come out is possibly iffabric is kept in the sun for the next twoor three years but then the material willprobably sun rot before the dyes go away.Dye particles that are used for this type ofdye sublimation are designed to only bondwith polymers, so the higher the polyestercontent in the material the more dye thatwill bond giving a brighter image. Thisis why dye sublimation can’t be done onnatural materials, such as 100% cotton.Natural fibers and noncoated materialswhich have no 'pores' to open cannotaccept the gas vapor. The dye particlesare designed to bond with polyester, andignore everything else. It is like trying to mix oil and water with most natural materials.Out of all of other printing methods, dye subis the most eco-friendlyDye sublimation will produce fantasticcolor on white and light colored fabrics.The technology is perfect for high-margincustomization, certain sporting uniformsor jerseys, performance apparel or anyapplication where photo-realistic images areneeded and durability a top priority.
Direct & Transfer
Dye Sublimation can be applied on the fabricin two different ways either directly on fabric,i.e. direct print or first on the paper and thenon fabric i.e. transfer print
Transfer Dye Sublimation Print
The images are initially printed on coatedtransfer paper as a reverse image of the finaldesign. The paper is then placed on the pre-cut polyester fabric pattern and both areplaced into a heat press. When the heatingcycle is completed, under high temperatureand pressure, the dye turns into a gas andpermeates the fabric and then solidifies intoits fibers, the image on the paper has beentransferred to the item and has actuallyreformed into or underneath the surface.The fabric is permanently dyed so it can bewashed without damaging the quality ofimage. See Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.
Direct Dye SublimationPrint
The images are directlyprinted on treatedpolyester fabrics, whichare then heated by heat-fixation devise that fixesthe color on the fabrics.This method eliminates
Dye particles that are used forthis type of dye sublimationare designed to only bondwith polymers, so the higherthe polyester content in thematerial the more dye thatwill bond giving a brighterimage. This is why dyesublimation can’t be doneon natural materials, such as100% cotton.
Fig 3 : Process flow of Transfer Dye Sublimation Print Fig 4 Process flow of Transfer Dye Sublimation Print 
the need fortransfer papers.This means nopaper cocklingand reductionin defects suchas ghosting andvarious wave ortiger stripes thatare common inroll-to-roll transferprinting. Thistype needs an ink waste pit to collectexcess ink and prevents it from staining thereverse side of the fabric. See Fig. 5.Starch is coated on fabrics to avoid blur orbleeding of ink Print directly on pre-treatedfabrics Non-contact heater fixes color onthe fabrics. See Fig. 6.
Method of selection
Dye sublimation transfer is relatively oldas compare to direct dye sublimationand hence has a big market share. Bothmethods have their own advantages anddisadvantages and the selection is purelybased on the customer requirement,the type and quality of output required.Transfer yields higher quality and directyields higher productivity.The typical viewing distance of print isagain one of the most important factors todetermine which method to go with. Close-up viewing with high-resolution requirementson knit fabrics, normally used in sportswear,would lead to paper transfer which gives themost saturated color and crisp line detail ascompare to direct print. Further, in case ofpanel printing transfer print is more suitableas the prints are small in size and placementof print design is of prime importance whichcan be comfortably achieve with the help oftransfer print.Direct printing gives less resolution andsuitable for distance viewing. So it is widelyused for the industrial purpose like homefurnishing, curtains, banners, and signage.Another advantage is the production ratewhich reduces the total production cost interms of longer length fabric.
Dye sublimation is perfect for printing to awide range of manmade and mixed contenttextiles including :Whether it is a printing a repeated textilepattern design to be incorporated into agarment, creating cushions, curtains, bannersand much, much more, the process of dye
Fig 5 : Process Flow of Direct Dye Sublimation Print Fig 6 : Process Flow of Direct Dye Sublimation Print 

Activity (6)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Shilpi Badoni liked this
Ramesh Kumar liked this
Ashish Kore liked this
Ashish Kore liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->