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Acoustic Sound Wave-handbook

Acoustic Sound Wave-handbook

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Published by yoannleg

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Published by: yoannleg on Oct 04, 2011
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Generalized Acoustic Energy Density and Its ApplicationsBuye XuA dissertation submitted to the faculty of Brigham Young Universityin partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyScott. D. Sommerfeldt, ChairTimothy W. LeishmanJonathon D. BlotterKent L. GeeG. Bruce SchaaljeDepartment of Physics and AstronomyBrigham Young UniversityDecember 2010Copyrightc
2010 Buye XuAll Rights Reserved
ABSTRACTGeneralized Acoustic Energy Density and Its ApplicationsBuye XuDepartment of Physics and AstronomyDoctor of PhilosophyThe properties of acoustic kinetic energy density and total energy density of sound fieldsin lightly damped enclosures have been explored thoroughly in the literature. Their increasedspatial uniformity makes them more favorable measurement quantities for various applica-tions than acoustic potential energy density (or squared pressure), which is most often used.In this dissertation, a new acoustic energy quantity, the generalized acoustic energy density(GED), will be introduced. It is defined by introducing weighting factors,
and 1
, inthe formulation of total acoustic energy density. With the additional degree of freedom,the GED can conform to the traditional acoustic energy density quantities, or be optimizedfor different applications. The properties and applications of the GED are explored in thisdissertation. For enclosed sound fields, it was found that GED with
= 1
4 is spatiallymore uniform than the acoustic potential energy density, acoustic kinetic energy density, andthe total acoustic energy density, which makes it a more favorable measurement quantitythan those traditional acoustic energy density quantities for many indoor measurement ap-plications. For some other applications, such as active noise control in diffuse field, differentvalues of 
may be considered superior.The numerical verifications in this research are mainly based on a hybrid modal expan-sion developed for this work, which combines the free field Green’s function and a modalexpansion. The enclosed sound field is separated into the direct field and reverberant field,which have been treated together in traditional modal analysis. Studies on a point sourcein rectangular enclosures show that the hybrid modal expansion converges notably fasterthan the traditional modal expansions, especially in the region near the source, and intro-duces much smaller errors with a limited number of modes. The hybrid modal expansioncan be easily applied to complex sound sources if the free field responses of the sources areknown. Damped boundaries are also considered in this dissertation, and a set of modifiedmodal functions is introduced, which is shown to be suitable for many damped boundaryconditions.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTSI would like to express my gratitude to the following people:
Scott Sommerfeldt
, my advisor, for his guidance and support through this research;
Timothy Leishman
, for serving on my committee and his effort to improve the quality of this dissertation;
Jonathan Blotter
, for serving on my committee and encouraging me to keep improving;
Kent Gee
, for serving on my committee and sharing his experiences and thoughts with me;
Bruce Schaalje
, for serving on my committee and helping me prepare for the qualifyingexams;
Tracianne Neilsen
, for leading me to my first academic conference and the continuousencouragement;
Diann Sorensen
, for her efforts in making my graduate study smooth;The
BYU Acoustics Research Group
, for the collaborations and support from all thestudents;
Jing Xu
Qingmei Yang
Ping Xu
Hai Zhao
for raising me with love and alwaysbelieving in me;
Jingjing Li
, my wife, for her love, support, patience and everything else.

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