Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
20Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Pedia Notes

Pedia Notes

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,394|Likes:
Published by Argee Alonsabe
When I was in college, I used a laptop when typing my notes during lectures. Just want to share.

-Arg, Top 8 July 2011 NLE
When I was in college, I used a laptop when typing my notes during lectures. Just want to share.

-Arg, Top 8 July 2011 NLE

More info:

Published by: Argee Alonsabe on Oct 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Patterns of Growth and DevelopmentGrowth
-
 
Measurable quantitative change
Development
-
 
Qualitative change that cannot be measured
Directional
 
Cephalocaudal Direction
-
 
In about 2 months of intrauterine life, the head is ½ of the body
Head lag
-
 
1
st
3 months of life, infant has lack of head control-
 
May cause SIDS-
 
Absence of head lag start at the 3
rd
month of life
4
th
month
, body can turn left and right
5
th
month
-
 
Infant can roll over voluntarily-
 
Control of infant’s abdomen
 If there is presence of head lag in the 6
th
month, this may indicate cerebral palsy
 
Proximodistal
-
 
From the center to the farthest part of the body-
 
Central incisors (lower 60%, upper 40%), takes 2 years to more or less complete-
 
18
th
month
 
~ tooth brushing, baby can’t digest fluoride in the first
year of life, water should begiven before and after feedings-
 
2 y/o
~ complete set of deciduous (18) teeth-
 
5
 –
6 y/o
~ falling of deciduous teeth-
 
16 y/o
complete set of deciduous teeth-
 
*Age in Months
 –
6
= estimated number of baby teeth-
 
Teething starts at 6 months, first eruption occurs at around 7 months
 
General to Specific
-
 
Simple tasks to complicated functioning-
 
Language development ~ earliest sign of giftedness-
 
Dada is uttered first rather than Mama-
 
First evidence of baby’s language is crying
 -
 
Crying -> coos and girgles -> babbling sounds -> monosyllable -> words -> sentences -> sing
 
Sequential Pattern
-
 
Predetermined-
 
E.g. ability to ambulate
 
-
 
Creeping ~ crawling ~ sit with support ~ sit without support ~ stand with support ~ walk withsupport ~ stand without support ~ walk without support
 
Developmental
-
 
Universal and individual-
 
Does not happen at the same rate and pace-
 
E.g. height-
 
Accelerated growth (adolescence and infancy)-
 
Weight is 2x in 6 months, 3x in 1 year, 4x in 2 years-
 
Height is 1inch/month in first 6 months, 1 ½inch/month in the next 6 months-
 
Increase in height in girls happens before first menses-
 
Increase in height in boys happens after spermarche (first ejaculatory experience, production of sperm, 13.3 y/o)
Sigmund Freud
-
 
All human behavior is energized by psychodynamic forces divided into components of personality
 
 
Id
-
refers to infants, “it’s ok to spoil infants”, narcissistic, pleasure principle
 
 
Ego
-develops in late infancy, peaks in toddlerhood; toddler is very possessive, egocentric (I, Me, My),Reality Principle
 
Superego
-developed during pre school; moral principle, moral arbitration, ego ideal (feel good aboutwhat you feel), conscience (feel bad about what you did); peaks during school age
Toddlerhood
-
 
1 ½ - 3
(Erik Erikson),
1-3
Freud-
 
P
 
 –
Period of negativism; parallel play; pounding toys/boards (in order to minimize tantrums); phone toys,push and pull toys; ritualistic behavior (sign if the cross 2 y/o, simple prayers, telling stories repeatedly)-
 
R
 
 –
Regression when child is ill or hospitalized-
 
A
 
 –
Accident ~ leading cause of death for pediatric clients, toddlers (poisoning-locks poisons, falls-fences,drowning-supervision), Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (struggle to be independent)-
 
I
 
 –
Independence-
 
S
 
 –
Separation Anxiety ~ number 1 fear of toddlers, resolved by 7 y/o, fear of abandonment, assure that
you’
ll be back, toddler has trouble sleeping-
 
E
 
 –
Egocentricism ~ I, Me, My; Elimination-toilet training whenever child is ready (18-24 months)
Criteria for Starting Toilet Training
1.
 
Child is able to sit walk and squat2.
 
Able to complain discomfort3.
 
Baby will be able to control urination; dryness for 2 hours before defecation*PRAISE toddlers to gain independence/autonomy
Pre-School
-
 
3-6 y/o
-
 
Magical thinking ~ imagination is at its peak-
 
M
 
 –
Magic ~ imagination is at its peak-
 
#1 fear is mutilation-
 
Things unfamiliar to them could harm them-
 
Role playing
 
-
 
Don’t do elective surgery for pre schoolers
 -
 
Guys have fear of castration-
 
Penis envy-
 
Masturbation-
 
Sexual differentiation-
 
A
 
 –
Associative Play-
 
Group play-
 
No rules and delegation-
 
Art work-
 
Toys: no small removable parts, no sharps, durable, non toxic, age appropriate, dress uptoys/clothes-
 
G
-Guilt-
 
Initiative vs. Guilt (Phallic Stage)
-
 
I
magination (Imaginary Friend)-
 
C
omplexes ~ Oedipal and Electra
School Age
-
 
6-12 y/o
, peak or superego-
 
D
 
 –
Death ~ understands the concept of death-
 
I
ndustry vs. Inferiority (failures, bullies, parents with heightened expectations)-
 
M
 
 –
Moralistic ~ modesty, peak of superego-
 
P
 
 –
Play ~ Cooperative/Competitive Play; Toys: board games, chess, snake and ladders, card gamesmahjongg-
 
L
 
 –
Latency ~ all sexual energies and urges are directed rapid mental development-
 
E
 
 –
Engages in activities of mental development-
 
S
 
 –
Same sex ~ period of homosexuality, grouping of same sex, period of bestfriends
Adolescents
-
 
12-20 y/o
-
 
P
 
 –
Peers, wants to belong to a group-
 
A
 
 –
Accident, vehicular accident-
 
I
 
 –
Image, image is everything, constant struggle to fit in-
 
R
 
 –
Role, Identity vs. Role Confusion-
 
S
 
 –
Secondary sex characteristics
Assessment for Newborn’s W
ell BeingA.
 
Physical Examination
-
 
Preliminary PE is immediately following birth to detect grossly observable conditions such asmeningocele, cleft lip and palate, hydrocephalus, birthmark, imperforate anus, Tracheoesophagealfistula, bowel obstruction, spina bifida (congenital condition in which part of the spinal cord ormeninges protrudes through a cleft in the spinal column, resulting in loss of voluntary movement inthe lower body)-
 
Meningocele
 
 –
spina bifida; meninges and sac ~ CSF-
 
Myelomeningocele
- spinal cord, meninges and sac ~ CSF; irreversible

Activity (20)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Jearome Taboy liked this
Jearome Taboy liked this
donnabanana liked this
Rhey Jorda liked this
Sneha Mis liked this
Nur Syafarien liked this
Lim Jia Tyug liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->