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Ansys Manual 092704

Ansys Manual 092704

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Getting Started with ANSYS
Amit Gupta
September 27, 2004
1. Starting ANSYS
At this moment, there are two options from where you can run ANSYS: (a) fromthe NANOHUB and (b) from an ECN Windows NT PC.(a) Using the NANOHUB:If you have not already done so, send out a request for an account on NANOHUB(http://www.nanohub.org
 
) so that you will be able to access and run ANSYS. ANSYScan be found in the General Productivity section of the On-line Simulation section of the NANOHUB. This is the preferred method to run ANSYS for this course. Please makesure you have read all the notes and instructions before actually using ANSYS on NANOHUB. The instructions on using NANOHUB are well documented there and willnot be discussed here. Please be patient when running ANSYS on NANOHUB. Youmay have to play around with the dimensions of the screen size for the VNC session for the most comfortable fit on your specific computer screen. It may be helpful to minimizethe ANSYS
Output Window
as it may get in one’s way when trying to access theGraphical User Interface (GUI). ANSYS creates very large files when running. To savedisk space, it is advisable to delete unwanted files. Please see the section on General Notes for the address of a web page that describes the files ANSYS creates. Thisinformation can also be found in the ANSYS manual found in the
Help
option in the
Utility Menu
.(b) Windows NTClick on
Start
Programs
ECN Software
 
Ansys8.1
 
ANSYS
. Asstated above, ANSYS creates very large files, so either make sure your local directory is big enough to store these files or redirect your output to a TEMP directory on thecomputer’s hard drive. When done, move the important files to your local/workingdirectory. Please see the section on General Notes for the address of a web page thatdescribes the files ANSYS creates. Please make a note of the directory in which files youcreate are saved.
General Notes:
1.Make sure you save your work occasionally when working on complexgeometries. As far as the author knows, ANSYS does not seem to have an undocommand. If a mistake is made the previously saved file will have to be reloadedto resume work.1
 
2.It is the responsibility of the user to be consistent with the units used in the problem. ANSYS does not ask for or specify which units to use for the parameters. This will be exemplified in the section below.3.ANSYS creates a large amount of files and data when processing. Not all thefiles are useful and need to be saved. A good description on the important files isgiving inhttp://www.mece.ualberta.ca/tutorials/ansys/AU/Files/Files.html. Thedescription of the files can also be found in the ANSYS manual from the Helpcommand.4.Make extensive use of the
Help
command in the
Utility Menu
. Note that the
Help
command gives different options when running ANSYS from a Windows NT PC and when running from NANOHUB. In some dialog windows for commands, the
Help
option is also given. Clicking on it will open a separatewindow and describe the command.5.Familiarize yourself with the ANSYS program. In order to be able to follow theinstructions in the following tutorial, please make sure you can locate thefollowing in the ANSYS program:
ANSYS Utility Menu
,
ANSYS Main Menu
,ANSYS
Command Prompt
(the window with the cursor, usually below the
Utility Menu
) as well as the
ANSYS Toolbar
.
2.ANSYS Microsized Cantilever Beam Example I
The following problem attempts to give a short introduction to ANSYS by goingthrough a simple 2-D example. The example attempts to model a microsized silicon based cantilever beam, with a load applied at the edge of the free end. (Note: This problem has been adapted from an example found in:-http://homepages.cae.wisc.edu/~ema405/beam/Centilever_beam.htm
 
).
Problem Description
This example is a structural static analysis of a microsized silicon based cantilever  beam. One of the edges is constrained, while the other edge is free. A single point forceof 50 nN will be applied at the center of the free end in an in-plane direction. Thecantilever beam has the following dimensions and material parameters:Length = 200
µ
m = 2e-4 mWidth = 20
µ
m = 2e-5 m2FFig. 1 Simple 2-D cantilever beamLW
 
Thickness = 1
µ
m = 1e-6 mYoung’s modulus = 1.3 x 10
11
N/m
2
 Poisson’s ratio = 0.279
Pre-processing
1. Enter Jobname
a.Click on
ANSYS Utility Menu
 
 
File
 
 
Change Jobname...
 b.This should open a dialog window with the title
Change Jobname
. Enter the name
beam
(jobname will be
beam.db
). The jobname defaults to
file.db
if none is specified.c.Click on
OK 
to enter the new jobname and close the dialog window.
2. Specify Title
This step is not necessary as far as the analysis is concerned, but it helps indocumenting your work. The title will appear on all graphic displays and will beincluded on the solution output.a.Click on
Utility Menu
 
 
File
 
 
Change Title...
 b.Enter the title:
Microsized Cantilever Beam
.c.Click on
OK 
to enter and close the dialog window.
3.Select Analysis Type
Enter 
/PREP7
(this starts the preprocessing phase) in the
Command Prompt
window followed by
ANTYPE,STATIC
(Hit enter after typing every command in theANSYS
Command Prompt
window). This selects the static analysis option. Staticanalysis is the default analysis type. This command can also be accessed from
MainMenu
Preprocessor
 
Loads
 
 –Analysis Type-
 
New Analysis…
.
Set Preferences
Setting the preferences allows one to choose the desired engineering discipline(structural, thermal, electromagnetic etc.) for context filtering of menu choices. Bydefault the menu choices for all disciplines are shown, with non-applicable choices“dimmed” based on the element type chosen for the model. By choosing the desireddiscipline, the dimmed choices are not shown at all. For example, turning on thestructural filtering completely suppresses all thermal, electromagnetic, and fluid menuoptions.This problem performs a static structural analysis, so the structural discipline will be chosen.a.Click on
ANSYS Main Menu
 
 
Preferences...
 b.Click on the structural button to turn on the filtering. Leave the other default values as they are.c.Click on
OK 
to apply the filtering and close the dialog window3

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