authoritarian-socialist lines as named by him ‘
a synthesis of
This explains what Bose meant in ‘
The Indian Struggle
’ when he stressed for the need of
a strongsingle party government
bound together by
military discipline and dictatorial powers forsome years to come
in order to put
India on her feet". According to Bose, only a very stronggovernment, strict discipline and dictatorial rule would prevent the anticipated revolution fromfalling into chaos and anarchy. That is why, Bose advocated, the government would not -- "in thefirst years after liberation" -- "stand for a democracy in the Mid-Victorian sense of the term".
Itwould use whatever military force was necessary to maintain law and order, and would not relinquishauthority or re-establish more regular forms of government until "
the work of post-war socialreconstruction
" had been completed and "
a new generation of men and women in India, fully trainedand equipped for the battle of life
" had emerged.
Bose clearly anticipated that authoritarian rule would not last beyond the period when socialreconstruction was completed and law and order were established.
As he frequently stated, Boseaimed for nothing less than the formation of "
a new India and a happy India on the basis of the eternal principles of liberty, democracy and socialism
He rejected Communism (at least as it was practicedin the Soviet Union) principally because of its impracticable internationalism and because hebelieved that the theoretical ideal found in the writings of Marx could not be applied to Indiawithout modification.
Still he maintained socialist views throughout and, on very many occasions,expressed his hope for
‘an egalitarian (especially classless and casteless) industrialized society in which the state would control the basic means of production’
. He also did not likemany Nazi thinkings and methods of political control and openly opposed through letters andnewspapers even while living in Germany of Hitler’s period.
He believed that
greater emphasis should be placed on social goals than on the needs or desires of individuals.
Individual wishes must be subordinated to the needs of the state, especially during thestruggle for independence and the period of reconstruction immediately following liberation.
having himself been imprisoned eleven times and sent into exile three times
hewas fully committed to upholding the rights of minority intellectual, religious, cultural and racialgroups.
He hoped for an
all-round freedom for the Indian people -- social, economic and political
”and would wage a relentless war against bondage of every kind till the people can become reallyfree.
Some people argue that he was not as committed to the principle of democracy as he was to socialism but
it is worth noting that during his many years as head of various councils, committees andoffices, and during 15-month tenure as President of the Indian National Congress(February 1938 to April 1939), as a Head of Provisional Government of Free India and asa Supreme Commander of INA, Bose never acted in undemocratic manner neither did heclaim powers or responsibilities to which he was not constitutionally or customarily entitlednor did he attempt in any way to foster a cult of his own personality.
NETAJI & GANDHIJI
After the death of great leaders like Lokmanya Tilak and Dr. Annie Beasant and martyrdom of revolutionaries like Shaheed Bhagat Singh there were only two major thoughts which were prevalent inIndia, one was that of Gandhiji and the other was that of Netaji. It is to be noted that there still were greatrevolutionaries like Ras Bihari Bose, Swatantryaveer Savarkar etc. but either they all were in exile or were in prison. While
Gandhiji advocated non-violence and talks with the British, Netaji was of theopinion that there should be no compromise with the British and that every means should be usedto liberate India.
Netaji started his political life by going to Gandhiji, who directed him to work under DeshbandhuChittaranjan Das. He resigned from the post of the Congress president only because of the opposition of Gandhiji. In spite of that Netaji had a great respect for Gandhiji.
It was Subhas who, first time, called