Madeline Flahive DiNardo, MBA, County Agricultural Agent Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Union County Katherine Sabatino, Horticultural Therapist Bergen Regional Medical Center, Paramus, NJ; Rutgers Master Gardener, Union County Joel Flagler, HTR, County Agricultural Agent Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Bergen County
The Art of Horticultural Therapy
Horticultural Therapy (HT) is a process using plants and gardening activities to improve thebody, mind, and spirit of people. It is practiced throughout the world in: hospitals; rehabilitation,hospice, and vocational facilities; nursing homes; senior and community centers; schools; andprisons. HT is the use of nature to heal. It is not a new concept, as ancient Egyptian physiciansmade use of the therapeutic properties of gardens by prescribing walkthrough gardens. Expertscontinue to observe that most people receive satisfaction from watching a flower or vegetablegrow and develop. Plants do not discriminate and they are not judgmental regarding a person’sage or abilities. Plants respond to caregivers with rewards of new growth, flowers, or fruits. Thissuccess brings a sense of achievement and improves self-esteem. Today, the AmericanHorticultural Therapy Association (AHTA) defines HT as "the engagement of a client ingardening-related activities, facilitated by a trained therapist, to achieve specific treatmentgoals." AHTA believes that horticultural therapy is an active process, which occurs in the contextof an established treatment plan.
Benefits of Horticultural Therapy Programs
HT offers cognitive, social, emotional, and physical benefits. On a cognitive level, horticulturaltasks improve memory and attention to detail. Activities such as planting seeds develop skillssuch as sequencing or following directions. Planting dish gardens and arranging cut flowersallows for one to channel creative and artistic drives. The responsibility of caring for plants bringsabout social growth. Group HT sessions coordinated by horticultural therapists and volunteersfoster the development of friendships. The presence of plants and HT programming improvesthe quality of life for residents of hospices and other health care facilities, at any stage of life.This people-plant connection can facilitate physical benefits including muscle retention andimproved coordination, balance, and strength. Horticulture-related projects can improve finemotor skills and dexterity. The multitude of colors, shapes, textures, and fragrances of plantsused in HT creates a sensory experience that may calm or stimulate. Fragrance can triggerpleasant memories. Plant materials used in HT allow for maximum use of visual, tactile, gustatoryand olfactory senses. Bright, bold flower and foliage colors can sometimes be seen by thevisually-impaired. Handling potting soil or arranging dried flowers provides tactile experiences,