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Crime Analysis Gis Solutions

Crime Analysis Gis Solutions

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Published by Tânia Mealha

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Tânia Mealha on Oct 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/04/2011

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Crime Analysis
GISSolutionsforIntelligence-LedPolicing
 
GIS aids crime analysis by
•Identifyingandhighlightingsuspiciousincidentsand
 events that may require urther investigation
•Supportingpatternandtrendanalysisacrossmultiple
 
 jurisdictions•Enhancingtheimplementationofvariouspolicing
 methodologies to reduce overall crime and disorder
•Integratingtraditionalandnontraditionallawenforcement
data to improve overall analysis
•Educatingthepublicwithvisualinformationtoclarifycrime
concerns and enlist community action
•Providingtoolsandtechniquestocapturecrimeseriesand
orecast uture crime occurrences
Real WorldIncident AnalysisRisks and HazardsResource AllocationCritical InfrastructureRouting and TrackingStation Locations
Applying GIS Technology to Crime Analysis
Know Your Community—Analyze Your Crime—Use Your Advantage 
Whether the problem is tactical, strategic, or administra-tive, any data containing location inormation can be dis-
playedandanalyzedusinggeographicinformationsystem(GIS)technology.GISisanessentialpartofacrimeana
-lyst’s toolkit—your means o creating valuable inormationor your ocers in the eld. By incorporating traditionallaw enorcement data with data such as demographics,inrastructure, and oender tracking, you can use GIS totransorm inormation into actionable intelligence.You can improve critical decision making in a rapidlychanging environment and have a direct impact on the
safetyofyourofcersandthecitizensyouserve.
Every crime problem is related to some location, whether
it’sanaddress,street,ZIPCode
, or district. GIS can help
youleveragethelocationalaspectofyourdatatoanalyze,
understand, and build solutions to the problems you ace.
Amapshouldbetherst
image they see - not a photo
Photoscanbeonthispage
but not more prominent thanthe maps
Phoenix Violence Impact Project  studied the effects of directed law enforcement efforts by analyzingcrime in a specific area. The imageon the left indicates a crime hot  spot from October 2002 to June2003. The middle image showsthe same area one year later, and the image on the right shows the status of crime two years later.
 
Lawenforcementoftensuffersfromlimitedresources.GIS
can help you eciently and eectively match demandsor service with service delivery. By knowing where yourproblems are, it also provides a visual means to proactively
combatcrimeandcommunicatewithcitizenstobuild
support.GIS can help you to
•Understandeventsanddynamicsinaneighborhoodincludingpersons,events,andcrimehazards.•Identifyriskfactorsincludingbusinesses,buildings,or
other locations that draw crime.
•Rapidlyrecongurebeatsandreallocateresourcesafteranalyzingcrimetrendsovertime.•Developplansforspecialcrimeabatementteamsto
address regional or seasonal hot spot locations.
•Capturerepeatcall-for-servicelocationstoapplyaddi
-tional help and resources.Ocers working the street, or investigators working a case,already know generally where the crime is. In addition to thisknowledge, mapping over a period o months can help ocersand investigators precisely view and understand underlying
crimemovementsandpatterns.Forexample,cancertaintypes
o crime be correlated to the time o day or day o week? Is an
open,unmonitoredparkingstructureadrawforcriminals?Asa
crime analyst, you can support your ocers in developing moreeective tactical approaches and deployment strategies, ulti-mately preventing crime by identiying trends.Using GIS, you can model your workfowand capture your best practices. This allowsyou to determine what works and share itwith others. You can build on your existingknowledge and experience collaborating withocers, investigators, and other analysts.
Strategic Crime Mapping
Using GIS to Understand Trends and Improve Community Safety 
Crime density and hot spots are analyzed by the Lincoln Police Department,Lincoln, Nebraska.High Point Police Department, NorthCarolina, uses ArcGIS 
®
to show thechange in serious crimes based oncounts per census block. The top left map shows serious crimes in 2003 and the lower right shows crimes in 2007, showing a reduction of crime within that area of the city.

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