Wizards and witches live to be approximately 150-200 years old.
Living in the Wizarding World
In Magical Great Britain, the most important concern is secrecy. Wizards must live alongside a vast population of muggles on a crowded island. In addition to concealing their own existence, they must alsohide the very existence of magic, which includes controlling the activities of powerful and pesky magicalcreatures such as dragons, selkies and house-elves. Wizards must also hide areas of magical activity,including dealing with “accidental” magic use in areas where muggles can see it.Perhaps because of this, wizards have developed their own foods, sports, money, transportation system andgovernment that exist, secretly, in parallel with the mundane world.
Wizard food (at least in the British Isles) tends to be traditional British fare - heavy on meat,carbohydrates and fat. Unlike the stereotypically drab English food of the mundane world, wizarding foodis (or is expected to be) delicious. However, wizards are much more tolerant of magical or unusually-flavored sweets. For example, Bernie Bott's Every Flavor Beans are jellybeans with flavors ranging fromtoast to blueberry to vomit or earwax. Certain types of candy can actually be dangerous practical jokes!
As described above, wizards tend to dress in eccentric, flamboyant fashions. Robes aretraditional and fashionable for both sexes. Hats, including the traditional brimmed, pointed “witches hat”are also fairly common. Younger wizards follow mundane fashions more closely, although they add their own unique flair to any outfit. Employees of the Ministry of Magic tend to wear either green robes or greensuits. Brightly colored bowler hats and conservatively-cut cloaks are fashionable accessories.Hairstyles tend to be practical, but with a greater tendency for both men and women to wear their hair long.Wizards often grow facial hair, frequently worn in unusual styles.
Wizards seem to prefer old-fashioned accommodations, such as half-timber cottages or oldmanor-houses hidden away from any local towns. Possibly, this is out of tradition, but isolated structures areeasy to hide, and presumably dwellings purchased or inherited from an older wizard will already have theappropriate obscuring spells in place.
Wizarding education is roughly based on the mundane British system of education. At age 11,sufficiently-talented witches and wizards are invited to attend a magical boarding school (althoughHogwarts is not a “public” school in the traditional sense). Less-talented or poorer students presumably gointo vocational programs or “comprehensive” schools, which are usually day schools.Boarding and comprehensive schools are further divided into “houses” which function as dormitories andsocial units for the students. The different houses compete against one another in sports and athletics for anoverall school championship. In some cases, inter-house rivalries can be intense. Friends and enemies madeduring a wizard’s school years often carry over into their adult life. The network of graduates from a particular school or house can be a powerful Patron; cliques of mundane public school graduates gave riseto the term “Old Boy Network.”Discipline within a school is provided by the faculty, who also serve as live-in chaperons for boardingschool students and serve as the heads of a particular house. Assisting the faculty in maintaining order arethe prefects - upper-level students chosen for their good character and leadership ability. Prefects can assignminor punishments for infractions. The heads of the prefects and the spokespersons for the student body arethe Head Boy and/or the Head Girl. The Head Boy/Girl is responsible for student discipline among all thehouses and is chosen on the basis of leadership ability, good character and academic achievement. Beingchosen prefect or head boy/girl is a great honor, worth a positive reputation.Faculty, staff, prefects and the head boy/girl are all in charge of disciplining students for various infractions.For relatively minor offenses, students lose “points” from their house in the inter-house competition, theresulting shame and peer pressure keeps trouble-makers in line. At Hogwarts, prefects can dock students upto 5 points per offense. The head boy or girl can dock students up to 10 points. Faculty and Staff can dock