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Lecture 29 - 3rd Asessment - Anti-Convulsant Drugs

Lecture 29 - 3rd Asessment - Anti-Convulsant Drugs

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Published by: api-3703352 on Oct 15, 2008
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05/09/2014

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ANTI-CONVULSANT
DRUGS
CAUSES OF EPILEPSY
- Genetic Factors
- Antenatal and birth factors \u2013 congenital

abnormalities
-Infection \u2013 meningitis, viral encephalitis
-Toxic factors \u2013 lead and mercury poisoning
-Drug withdrawal \u2013 abrupt cessation of CNS

depressants

-Cerebral injury
-Metabolic disorders
-Hypoxia, hyperpyrexia, hypoglycemia

TYPES OF SEIZURES
\u2022TONIC-CLONIC - Generalized seizures usually

start with tonic and thereafter progress to clonic
rhythmic contractions. Clonic subsides after several
min. Regain consciousness.

\u2022MYOCLONIC - Rapid, brief contractions, usually of
the upper extremities.
\u2022ATONIC OR PSYCHOMOTOR - Loss of muscular
contraction arrest of activity with hallucinations,
alteration of consciousness and affective behaviour
\u2022PARTIAL or FOCAL - May be motor (Jacksonian)
or sensory and are confined to groups of muscles
or parts of the body

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