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Semantik

Semantik

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Published by api-3740802

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Published by: api-3740802 on Oct 15, 2008
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03/18/2014

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BBM 3206SEMANTIK 
0LEH :PROF. MADYA DR. AHMADMAHMOOD BIN MUSANIF
 
KONSEP MAKNA
Aristotle menyatakan bahawa unit terkecil yang bermakna atau the
smallest significant unit of speech 
ialah perkataan.
Dalam linguistik sekarang, unit tatabahasaterkecil yang bermakna adalah
morfem.
Menurut Ullmann (1962:55), ada dua aliranpemikiran tentang konsep makna: aliran
anatikal@ referensia
dan aliran
operasionalkontekstual.
 
PENGERTIAN MAKNASECARA ANATIKAL
Menurut de Saussure (1959:67),bahasaterdiri daripada bunyi atau penanda
(signifiant) 
dan makna atau petanda
(signifie).
Penandaadalahbayanganakustikmisalnyaurutanbunyim+e+j+a.Petandaadalahgambaranataumaknyang melambangkanbunyimeja.

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