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John Calvin Calvinism

John Calvin Calvinism



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A young John Calvin
Calvin was born Jean Cauvin (orChauvin in standard French, inLat inCalv inus) in
Noyon, Picardie, France, to G\u00e9rard Cauvin and Jeanne Lefranc. A diligent student who
excelled at his studies, Calvin was "remarkably religious" even as a young man.[1]
Calvin's father was anat torne y and in1523 sent his fourteen-year-old son to the
University of Paris to study humanities and law. By 1532, he had attained a Doctor of
Laws degree at Orl\u00e9ans. It is not clear when Calvin converted to Protestantism, though in
the preface to his commentary on Psalms, Calvin said:

God by a sudden conversion subdued and brought my mind to a teachable frame\u2026. Having thus received some taste and knowledge of true godliness I was immediately inflamed with so intense a desire to make progress therein, that although I did not altogether leave off [legal] studies, I yet pursued them with less ardor.[2]

His Protestant friends included Nicholas Cop, Rector at the University of Paris. In 1533
Cop gave an address "replete with Protestant ideas," and "Calvin was probably involved
as the writer of that address."[1] Cop soon found it necessary to flee Paris, as did Calvin
himself a few days after. InAngoul eme he sheltered with a friend, Louis du Tillet. Calvin
settled for a time inBasel, where in 1536 he published the first edition of hisInstitu tes.

After a brief and covert return to France in 1536, Calvin was forced to choose an
alternate return route in the face of imperial and French forces, thus he passed by Geneva.
Guillaume Farel pleaded with Calvin to stay in Geneva and help the city. Despite a desire

to continue his journey, he settled inGeneva. After being expelled from the city, he
served as a pastor inStrasbourg from 1538 until 1541, before returning to Geneva, where
he lived until his death in 1564.

After attaining his degree, John Calvin sought a wife in affirmation of his approval of
marriage over clerical celibacy. In1539, he married Idelette de Bure, a widow, who had a

son and daughter from her previous marriage to anAnabap tist in Strasbourg. Calvin and
Idelette had a son who died after only two weeks. Idelette Calvin died in1549. Calvin
wrote that she was a helper in ministry, never stood in his way, never troubled him about
her children, and had a greatness of spirit.

Calvin's health began to fail when he sufferedmigra ines, lung hemorrhages,gout and
kidney stones, and at times he had to be carried to the pulpit to preach and sometimes
gave lectures from his bed.[3] According to his successor, influential Calvinist theologian
Theodore Beza, Calvin took only one meal a day for a decade, but on the advice of his
physician, he ate an egg and drank a glass of wine at noon. His recreation and exercise

consisted mainly of a walk after meals. Towards the end, Calvin said to those friends who were worried about his daily regimen of work amidst all his ailments, "What! Would you have the Lord find me idle when He comes?"[3]

John Calvin died in Geneva on May 27,1564. He was buried in the Cimeti\u00e8re des Rois
under a tombstone marked simply with the initials "J.C.",[4] partially honoring his request
that he be buried in an unknown place, without witnesses or ceremony. He is
commemorated in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America's liturgical calendar of

saints as a Renewer of the Church on May 27.
John Calvin
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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John Calvin
Engraved from the original oil painting in the University Library of Geneva,
this is considered Calvin's best likeness.

July 10, 1509
Noyon, Picardie, Kingdom of

May 27, 1564 (aged 54)
Pastor and theologian
Religious stanceReformed Protestantfor merl y
Roman Catholic
Idelette de Bure
G\u00e9rard Cauvin and Jeanne Lefranc
John Calvin (July 10,1509 \u2013 May 27,1564
) was a French Protestant theologian during
the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system ofChristian
theologyca lled Calvinism or Reformed theology. In Geneva, his ministry both attracted
other Protestant refugees and over time made that city a major force in the spread of
Reformed theology. He is renowned for his teachings and writings, in particular for his
Institutes of the Christian Religion.
1 Biography
2 Thought
3 Writings
3.1 Letters
4 Reformed Geneva
4.1 Civil punishments
4.2 Calvin and Servetus
5 References
6 Bibliography
6.1 General collections
6.2 Theological works
6.3 Commentaries
6.4 Letters
6.5 Secondary sources
7 External links
[edit] Biography

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