W a t e r a n d S a ni t a t i oni n a n U r b a ni z i n gW or l d
UN-HAB I T AT ’ S WAT E R AND S ANI T AT I ONT R U S T F UND
Among the almost seven billion o today’s globalpopulation, around one billion is living in slums and poor innercity neighbourhoods, their numbers growing nearly 10 percent every year.UN-HABITAT established its Water and Sanitation Trust Fundin 2003 to contribute to the Millennium Development Goalwater target which stipulates that we must: “Halve by 2015the proportion o the population without sustainable access tosae drinking water and sanitation.” The Trust Fund currentlyworks in 27 countries and supports a wide range o work withmany partners, including amilies, communities, governmentsand like-minded organizations. Besides the Trust Fund, UN-HABITAT also works in water and sanitation in humanitarianemergencies and since 2009 it hosts the secretariat o theGlobal Water Operators Partnerships Alliance.
Aid Eectiveness and DonorCoordination
The Trust Fund
With only our years to the 2015 deadline set by worldleaders, the target related to water and sanitation remains anenormous challenge.There is a general agreement that the traditional donor-by-donor, country-by-country, project-by-project approach is notgoing to support the achievement o the Goals.The Water and Sanitation Trust Fund provides a well-coordinated programmatic approach, enabling donorsto improve their aid-eectiveness by contributing to aconsolidated und dedicated to a clear set o objectives. It hasalso acilitated reporting o programme activities to a groupo donors rather than to each single donor. The Trust Fundprovides a ast-track mechanism to cities and small towns toenable them to reach out to the urban poor.
Delivering Knowledge andInrastructure Pilots since 2003:
Planning an Urbanizing World:36 Countries Adopted Pro-poor Policies
Water for Cities
programmes in Arica, Asiaand Latin America and the Caribbean, much headway isbeing made in the adoption o policies and institutionalrameworks to expand access to environmentally sound urbaninrastructure and services, with particular ocus on the poor.A good example is the development o
Solid WasteManagement Act
in Nepal.The Act has recently been adopted by Parliament andguidelines are progressively being adopted by the country’s58 municipalities. Based on UN-HABITAT demonstration, theGovernment o Nepal has also adopted a policy to undertake
in all urban areas. This will lead to genderresponsive and pro-poor urban governance. Another examplecan be ound in Ghana where as a result o UN-HABITATadvocacy, gender concerns have been included in the recentlyadopted National Environmental Sanitation Policy o Ghana.
Directly Supported over 200 Utilities and MunicipalGovernments to Deliver Water and Sanitation to theUrban Poor
The Water and Sanitation Trust Fund has supported over200 service providers (water and sanitation utilities andmunicipal governments) in 36 countries serving the water andsanitation needs o over one million people.Through training workshops, coaching and peer-to-peerexchanges, UN-HABITAT has provided knowledge and skills tothe service providers in the development o strategic businessplans, preparation and implementation o perormanceimprovement plans, water demand management, billing andrevenue collection, customer care, block mapping, gendermainstreaming and women empowerment and solid wastemanagement.“Whereas most other actors in the sector workmainly to achieve immediate contributions tocoverage, the Trust Fund seeks to concentrateon models and tools that may be replicated inpursuing long term achievement o the MillenniumDevelopment Goals.”
2011 External Evaluation o the Trust Fund