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Table Of Contents

1 Summary
2 Introduction
3 Background
3.1 Sustainable management of marine resources
3.2 Aquaculture – The blue revolution
3.3 Fish farming in Norway
3.4 Farming fish
3.5 Environmental effects of intensive fish farming
4 Fish feed
4.1 Fish oil and fishmeal in fish feed
4.2 Producers of fish oil and fishmeal
4.3 How much wild fish is needed to produce 1kg of farmed salmon?
4.4 Global demand for fish oil
5 Fish species used to produce fish feed
5.1 Fisheries management
5.2 Towards sustainable fisheries management
5.3 Fisheries in the South East Pacific Ocean
5.4 Commercially exploited fish species in the South East Pacific Ocean
Sardinops sagax – South American pilchard
Engraulis ringens - Anchoveta (Peruvian anchovy)
Trachurus murphyi – Chilean jack mackerel
5.5 Fisheries in the North East Atlantic
5.6 Commercially exploited fish species in the Northern Atlantic
Clupea harengus – Atlantic herring
Sprattus sprattus – European sprat
Mallotus villosus - Capelin
Trisopterus esmarkii – Norway pout
Micromesistius poutassou – Blue whiting
Ammodytes marinus & A. tobianus – Small sandeel and Lesser sandeel
Trachurus trachurus – Atlantic horse mackerel
Scomber scombrus- Atlantic mackerel
6 Alternatives for fishmeal and fish oil
6.1 Plants
6.2 Genetically modified organisms in feed
6.3 Microalgae, plankton and micro-organisms
6.4 By-products and fish offal
6.5 Harvest of marine resources from a lower trophic level
7 Conclusions
8 References
Attachment I: Use of fishmeal and fish oil in fish feed (IFFO 2002b)
Attachment II: Dioxins and Toxic Equivalents
Attachment III: ICES and fish stock assessments
Attachment IV: GMO statements from Norwegian Feed Producers
Attachment V: FAO permission to use illustrations
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foodforthoug

foodforthoug

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Published by sankasss

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Published by: sankasss on Oct 05, 2011
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06/02/2012

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