TOPIC- Conservation of forest and Wildlife.
1)Main Natural Resources- The non-living materials which are essential for theorigin of living, single or multi cellular organism are available on the Earth. Thesematerial are air, water, soil and minerals and are commonly called major resources of the earth.2)Resources of the earth- Living organisms depend upon air, water, land minerals,sunlight, other living organisms and many more factors for there survival. All thematerials used by living organisms for there sustainance and welfare is callednatural resources.TOPIC- Conservation of renewable Resources- The Forest.valuable economic but are very important to the ecological balance of on earth.To preserve our natural hertage government of India has framed a National ForestPolicy outlining the followIng objectives.intain environmental stability and restore ecological balance. b.to check soil erosion and denudation in catchment areas of rivers, lakes andreservoirs.c. to check soil extension of sand dunes in desert areas of R ajasthan and along coastaltracts.d. to provide fuel wood, fodder and minor forest produce and timber for tribal and rural population.e. To increase the productivity of forests to meet the national needs .f. to popularize the afforestation programmes and enhance people, participation .g. to maintain essential ecological processes and life –supporting systems(air, water and soil)Important steps to conserve forests1.Limit the use of forestwood2.avoid deforestation3.reforestation4.prevent forest fires5.forest managementConservation of wild- life1.Protections By natural and artificial means-the wild life should be protected asfar as possible in natural habitats or in artificial habitats under human control as biological sanctuaries or parks2.To preserve endangered species- efforts are to be made to preserve vulnerableor rare species.3.To Maintain ecological balance-Conserve the air,water and land so as to providea natural environment to the wild organisms to grow and live.4. Controlled breeding programmes- all varieties of useful plants and animals are to be preserved to run national and international breeding programmes.5. avoid over- exploitation - the species should not be exploited beyond their productive capacities.6.Maintain protected areas –Protected areas should be set up to preserve thehabitats of migratory birds and animals and their exploitation has to be controlled.