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Photosynthesis is a process by which green plants prepare their food (starch) with the
help of atmospheric carbon dioxide and water in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll.
in the process of respiration, which is a natural and
Essential phenomenon in all living beings , oxygen is inhaled and carbon dioxide is
exhaled to the atmosphere. The atmospheric carbon dioxide is absorbed by the plants
during the process of photosynthesis and oxygen is given out. Thus plants help to
preserve the balance of gases in the atmosphere.
Take a big sized beaker and put any water plants in the beaker and fill it with water.
Take a funnel and invert it over the water plants .now, fill a test tube completely with
water and invert it over the funnel such that water remains standing in the test
tube. Keep the whole apparatus in bright sunlight for few hours. What do you observe?
We will observe that some air bubbles move up the teat tube and collect at the top part of
the inverted test tube.
now remove the test tube by putting the thumb at the mouth of the test tube
so that air inside the test tube cannot
Escape out. Next, invert the test tube to make its mouth up. The water settles down in the
bottom and the gas comes above it. Now, bring a glowing match stick in the tube after
removing the thumb from its mouth. Do you see any change in the glowing of the match
stick? The match stick bursts into a flame which indicates the presence of oxygen. This
oxygen is given off by the plant during the process of photosynthesis.
Pluck a green leaf from a plant. Put it in a beaker containing boiling water for 10-15
minutes. Now transfer the leaf to another beaker containing alcohol and boil slowly for
few minutes .the leaf would become white because of the removal of chlorophyll. Place
the leaf in a dilute solution of iodine containing a little saturated solution of chloral
hydrate. The chloral hydrate will make the leaf transparent and the leaf turns bluish black
select any potted plant having long leaves. Remove its starch by putting the plant in a
dark place for three or four days . Pluck a leaf from the plant and insert half of it in a
bottle through a split cork. Some concentrated potassium hydroxide solution has already
been kept in this bottle .potassium hydroxide will obsorb all the carbon dioxide
presentin the bottle . Now keep the apparatus in sunlight . Examine the leaf for starch
after 5 to 6 hours with iodine solution. Do you observe any difference between two parts
of the leaf? Why is it so? Only half part of the leaf which was outside the bottle shows
bluish black colour. This is because this part received car bon dioxide from the
atmospheric air. While the part inside the bottle did not receive carbon dioxide and hence
did not show any colouration.
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