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EU CE Simple Pressure

EU CE Simple Pressure

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EU legislation on CE-marking: Simple Pressure Vessels
- Implementation plan -
Introduction

CE marking your product in many cases is not an easy thing to do. Therefore, CBI developed
this document that will guide you through the whole process of CE marking simple pressure
vessels. This guidance is based on the experiences of CBI when assisting exporters in
developing countries.

\ue000 For more information see the related documents:
\u2022
CE marking Introduction, explaining the basics and used terminology.
\u2022
CE marking implementation plan, describing the step-by-step approach used in this
document as well.
This document outlines the specific issues for Directive 87/404/EEC:Simple Pressure
Vessels. So, if you are manufacturing or exporting simple pressure vessels to the EU,
please read this document carefully.
Steps to apply the CE-marking
Source: CBI Market Information Database\u2022 URL:ww w.cbi .nl\u2022 Contact: marketaccess@cbi.nl\u2022 www.cbi.nl/disclaimer
Page 1 of 11
Step 1
Determine which Directive(s) are applicable to your product
Step 2
Check which standard(s) are applicable to your product
Step 3
Check if the product complies with the essential health and safety
requirements of the Directive
Step 4

Draw up a Technical File, showing how the product complies with the
requirements of the Directives, and which specifications (standards) have
been applied

Step 5

Test the product (type) according to the specifications in the technical file,
and, if required in the relevant Directive(s), submit a model of the product to
an EC type approval by a notified body

Step 6
Draw up an EC Declaration of Conformity
Step 7

Draw up a file in which the production process is described
and, if required in the relevant Directive(s), submit the production process to
a quality control procedure as described in the Directive(s)

Step 8
After all conformity assessment procedures, affix the CE-Marking to the
product
Step 1
Determine which Directive(s) are applicable to your product
Step 2
Check which standard(s) are applicable to your product
Step 3
Check if the product complies with the essential health and safety requirements
of the Directive(s)
Step 4
Check if a notified body must be involved for certification, contact the notified
body for details on the procedures
Step 5

Draw up a Technical File, showing how the product complies with the
requirements of the Directives, and which specifications (standards) have been
applied

Step 6

Test the product (type) according to the specifications in the technical file, and, if required in the relevant Directive(s), submit a model of the product to an EC type approval by a notified body

Step 7
Draw up an EC Declaration of Conformity
Step 8

Draw up a file in which the production process is described
and, if required in the relevant Directive(s), submit the production process to a
quality control procedure as describes in the Directive(s)

Step 9
After all conformity assessment procedures: affix the CE-marking to the product
Step 10
Monitor the production process

In this document, a number of links have been included, either by text in blue (before the
first use of this link), in purple (after the first use of this link) or by showing an arrow \u201c>-
symbol\u201d or underlined text . Depending on the settings of your computer, you may get access
to the links by one of the following modes:

-
Clicking,
-
Double clicking
-
Pressing [Ctrl] and clicking simultaneously with the mouse (left mouse click)
-
Right mouse click, select \u201copen hyperlink\u201d, left mouse click.
If the links do not work, please contact CBI.
Step 1 - Determine which Directive(s) are applicable to your product
1.1
The Simple Pressure Vessels Directive
The text of Directive 87/404/EEC: Simple Pressure Vessels can be read from the EU website at
Simple Pressure Vessels.

In order to clarify the requirements form the Directive, you will find some tables and graphics in this document. Moreover, you can find a guidance document (in PDF) at the following link: Guide on Simple Pressure Vessels.

Please note that step 1 requires investigation whether other Directives might be applicable as

well or whether the simultaneous application in two different Directives may be excluded.
Pressure vessels excluded from this Directive may be subject to the Pressure Equipment
Directive (PED). Pressure vessels that are part of Machinery, may be subject to the Machinery
Directive (MD) and other related Directives. See the separate documents on the various
Directives mentioned here.

Directives that possibly apply as well
Directive
Title
Abbreviation
97/23/EC (as amended)
Pressure Equipment
PED
98/37/EC
Machinery
MD
\ue000 Please note, that a full list of Directives is shown in the related document CE marking

implementation plan. This includes a table with arrows, which are links to websites showing Directives, information about Directives, development of standards, and a list of harmonised standards in relation to the Directive concerned.

1.2
Applicability

This Directive applies to simple pressure vessels manufactured in series. This means any
welded vessel subjected to an internal gauge pressure greater than 0,5 bar which is intended
to contain air or nitrogen and which is not intended to be fired.

Moreover, the following points are important:
\u2022

The parts and assemblies contributing to the strength of the vessel under pressure shall
be made either of non-alloy quality steel or of non-alloy aluminium or non-age
hardening aluminium alloys,

\u2022
The vessel shall be made of:
o
either a cylindrical part of circular cross-section closed by outwardly dished and/or flat
ends which revolve around the same axis as the cylindrical part,
o
or two dished ends revolving around the same axis,
\u2022
The maximum working pressure of the vessel shall not exceed 30 bar and the product
of that pressure and the capacity of the vessel (PS.V) shall not exceed 10000 bar/litre,
\u2022

The minimum working temperature must not be lower than minus 50 \u00b0C and the
maximum working temperature must not be higher than 300 \u00b0C for steel and 100 \u00b0C
for aluminium or aluminium alloy vessels.

Please note: The abovementioned criteria are given to establishif this Directive is applicable.
These arenot requirements the simple pressure vessels shall meet (Step 3).
1.3
Exclusions from the scope of the Directive
\u2022
The following vessels shall be excluded from the scope of the Directive:
Vessels that are not covered by the criteria in item 1.2 \u201cApplicability\u201d
Source: CBI Market Information Database\u2022 URL:ww w.cbi .nl\u2022 Contact: marketaccess@cbi.nl\u2022 www.cbi.nl/disclaimer
Page 2 of 11

Find out which Directive applies to your product. This is done by looking at the scope of the Directive, which is described in its text. Please note that more than one Directive might be applicable to your product.

\u2022
Vessels specifically designed for nuclear use, failure of which may cause an emission of
radioactivity,
\u2022
Vessels specifically intended for installation in or the propulsion of ships and aircraft,
\u2022
Fire extinguishers.
Step 2 - Check which standard(s) are applicable to your product
2.1
How to find harmonised standards

Standards give detailed technical information on implementing the EU requirements. It is up to
the manufacturer to choose how to implement the requirements, since the New Approach
Directives are based on a voluntary use of standards for filling in the technical details.

The EU is in the process of harmonising the standards that are used in all the individual EU
countries. A list of harmonized standards can be found: Harmonized standards for simple
pressure vessels

If the pressure vessels entirely comply with the harmonized standards for all aspects involved,
there may be a difference in the conformity assessment procedure, see step 5 and step 7.
There are various standardization activities in field of simple pressure vessels. They are listed:
Directive 87/404/EEC - Simple pressure vessels
View
Standards
Aluminium and aluminium alloys
>
Non-destructive testing
>
Threaded and non-threaded mechanical fasteners and accessories
>
Unfired pressure vessels
>
Welding
>

This table can be used to see the various Directives. The arrows \u201c>\u201d are links to a list of
harmonized standards in relation to the Directive concerned. For further information about the
application of the standards, please consult CBI throughmarketaccess@cb i.nl.

\ue000 For an explanation on how to use the table after clicking the arrows, please see the
document on the outline of the CE marking implementation plan.
\ue000 Please note that although the list is updated regularly, it may not be complete. All newly
harmonized standards are published in the Official Journal of the EU.
2.2
Other standards and draft standards

Many more standards are under development. At the website of CEN you can look up standards and their status (e.g. ratified, under approval). First you have to select your Directive area, next specific criteria, then the website will generate all standards.

Step 3 - Check if the product complies with the essential health and safety
requirements of the Directive
Source: CBI Market Information Database\u2022 URL:ww w.cbi .nl\u2022 Contact: marketaccess@cbi.nl\u2022 www.cbi.nl/disclaimer
Page 3 of 11

For compliance with the Directives that apply to your product, standards give detailed
technical information on implementing the EU requirements. However, not all standards have
been harmonised yet. Only standards that have their reference published in the Official
Journal of the EU are called \u2018harmonised standards\u2019. Complying with these standards means
that the authorities presume compliance with the Directives. This step of checking the
relevant standards \u2013 whether or not harmonised \u2013 is crucial for CE-marking.

Apply the relevant standards for the performance requirements in the Directives or the
technical verification, and, where appropriate, a risk assessment.

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