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Ascaris

Ascaris

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Published by api-3703629

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Published by: api-3703629 on Oct 15, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Filo Nematoda
Fam\u00edlia Ascarididae

Agentes etiol\u00f3gicos:
\u2022 Ascaris lumbricoides( humano)
\u2022 Ascaris suum(Su\u00edno)
\u2022 Toxocara canis(Can\u00eddeos)
\u2022 Ascaridia galli(galin\u00e1ceos)
\u2022Lagochilascaris minor(Gatos)

Ascarid\u00edase humana
\u2022 \u00c9 a helmintose mais comum em humanos.
\u2022 Ocorre no mundo inteiro, com 30% da popula\u00e7\u00e3o mundial

infectada.
Morfologia

\u2022 Adultos: apresentam cor leitosa e boca com tr\u00eas fortes
l\u00e1bios. O macho mede de 20 a 30 cm e a f\u00eamea de 30 a 40
cm.

Cicl
o

Transmiss\u00e3o
\u2022 Ingest\u00e3o de alimentos ou \u00e1gua contaminados
com ovos contendo a larva infectante (L3).
\u2022 Poeira e insetos (moscas e baratas) podem
veicular mecanicamente os ovos infectantes.
\u2022 Material subungueal (material presente
debaixo das unhas).

\ue000 No Brasil, em pesquisas com escolares, os
n\u00edveis de contamina\u00e7\u00e3o variavam entre 20 a
52%.
Patogenia
2. Larvas
\u2022Em infec\u00e7\u00f5es maci\u00e7as encontramos les\u00f5es
hep\u00e1ticas e pulmonares.

\u2022No f\u00edgado, pode provocar pequenos focos hemorr\u00e1gicos e de necrose, que depois se tornam fibrosados.

\u2022Nos alv\u00e9olos pulmonares pode causar um quadro
pneum\u00f4nico.
\u2022O catarro pode conter larvas do helminto e ser
sanguinolento.

2. Vermes adultos
\u2022 Nas infec\u00e7\u00f5es m\u00e9dias (30 a 40 vermes) e maci\u00e7as
(100 vermes ou mais), podemos encontrar as
seguintes altera\u00e7\u00f5es:

\ue000 A\u00e7\u00e3o t\u00f3xica;
\ue000 A\u00e7\u00e3o espoliadora;
\ue000 A\u00e7\u00e3o mec\u00e2nica: causam irrita\u00e7\u00e3o na parede

intestinal e podem enovelar-se, provocando
obstru\u00e7\u00f5es.
3. Localiza\u00e7\u00f5es Ect\u00f3picas

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