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Calibration of an Indicator Spring

Calibration of an Indicator Spring

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Published by richard_puni
To determine the errors in the indicated pressures on a Bourdon type pressure gauge.
To determine the spring constant for an indicator spring.
To determine the errors in the indicated pressures on a Bourdon type pressure gauge.
To determine the spring constant for an indicator spring.

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Published by: richard_puni on Oct 06, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/09/2012

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CALIBRATION OF AN INDICATOR SPRING AND PRESSURE GAUGE
 
OBJECTIVE
To determine the errors in the indicated pressures on a Bourdon type pressure gauge.To determine the spring constant for an indicator spring.
PROCEDURE
 1.
 
The pressure gauge was connected to the test and the apparatus was filled with oil.2.
 
The gauge reading was taken at zero pressure; weights were placed on the vertical piston to give a true pressure of 69kN/m
2
in the system.3.
 
The plunger was screwed until the vertical piston and weights rose slightly.4.
 
The weights were rotated to minimise friction and the gauge readings were taken.5.
 
The steps were repeated in intervals of 69kN/m
2
up to the maximum pressure for thegauge. When the plunger became tight during the test, more oil was put into theapparatus.6.
 
The test was repeated with the indicator in place of the pressure gauge.7.
 
The pressure readings from the indicator were recorded by marking a card on thedrum with a pencil for each pressure.
DIAGRAM
oilcanDead weightPlungerPressure GaugeVerticalPiston
 
 
THEORY
True Pressure is calculated from the formula, P = F/A.Where F is force acting on the piston,A is area of the piston cylinder,P is true pressure.For spring indicator,F = kx, where k is the spring constantX is the distance indicated by springTherefore
⇒ 
=

 
PA = kx
P =

, Area is constant.A graph of true pressure (P) against indicator distances of spring(x) gives the slope K (springconstant).
TABLE OF RESULTSTRUE PRESSURE GAUGE READINGCORRECTIONSTO BE APPLIEDINDICATOR DISTANCE(m)
(lb/sq. In) (kN/m
2
) (lb/sq. In) (kN/m
2
) (lb/sq. In) (kN/m
2
)
10 69 14 96.6 4 27.6 0.00520 138 23 158.7 3 20.7 0.00730 207 34 234.6 4 27.6 0.0140 276 44 303.6 4 27.6 0.01250 345 53 365.7 3 20.7 0.01560 414 63 434.7 3 20.7 0.01870 483 74 510.6 4 27.6 0.0280 552 83 572.7 3 20.7 0.02290 621 94 648.6 4 27.6 0.025100 690 103 710.7 3 20.7 0.027110 759 114 786.6 4 27.6 0.03120 828 124 855.6 4 27.6 0.032130 897 134 924.6 4 27.6 0.035140 966 144 993.6 4 27.6 0.037150 1035 154 1062.6 4 27.6 0.039160 1104 165 1138.5 5 34.5 0.043170 1173 175 1207.5 5 34.5 0.045180 1242 185 1276.5 5 34.5 0.0471
 
 
y = 51.143x -69002004006008001000120014000510152025303540
A graph ofGauge reading against corrections to be appliedCorrectionsto be made in KN/m
2
gauge reading inKN/m
2
y = 1.008x + 21.55702004006008001000120014000200400600800100012001400
Agraph of indicated pressure against true pressureTruepressure in KN/m
2
Indicatedpressure in KN/m
2

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