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Table Of Contents

Elections and Political Parties
I. AN EXAMINATION OF ELECTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
Table 1.2 Term-Limited States
II. THE ROLE OF ELECTIONS IN DEMOCRATIC THEORY
A. Modes of Elections
1. Direct Elections
2. Indirect Elections
B. Implications for Representation
1. Representatives’ Perspectives
III. DEFINITIONS OF ‘‘POLITICAL PARTY’’ AND ‘‘PARTY SYSTEMS’’
IV. POLITICIANS VIEW THE PARTY SYSTEM
American Political Parties and Party Organization
I. THE DEVELOPMENT OF AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES
A. The First Party System
1. The Elections of 1796 and 1800
2. Contributions of the First Party System
B. The Second Party System
Figure 2.1 Party Division Prior to Realignment on Slavery Issue
Figure 2.2 Stress on Party System Caused by Slavery Issue
Figure 2.3 Party System after Realignment on Slavery
1. Innovations of the Second Party Period
C. The Third Party System
3. The National Parties Respond
III. POLITICIANS VIEW PARTY ORGANIZATION
Voting and Other Forms of Political Participation
I. WHO VOTES; WHO DOESN’T
A. Expansion of the Franchise
1. Property Requirements
2. Black Suffrage
3. Women’s Suffrage
4. Lowering the Voting Age
B. Decline in Voter Participation
1. Voting by Blacks
2. Voting by Young Voters
3. Voting by Women
4. What Distinguishes Voters from Nonvoters?
II. VOTERS IN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
A. Models of Voting Behavior: The American Voter
Figure 3.5 Funnel of Causality
B. Critics of The American Voter Model
C. Presidential Voting Reviewed
IV. VOTING BEHAVIOR THEORY REVISITED
V. PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS IN AMERICA
B. Group Ratings
C. Political Action Committees
III. INTEREST GROUPS’ INFLUENCE ON THEIR MEMBERS
IV. POLITICIANS VIEW INTEREST GROUPS
Campaign Finance
I. THE LONG HISTORY OF CAMPAIGN FINANCE REFORM
A. The Climate for Reform
III. THE COSTS OF DEMOCRACY AND WHO PAYS FOR IT
A. The Costs
B. Sources of Campaign Funds
1. Individual Contributions
2. Political Action Committees
3. Political Parties
4. Soft Money
5. Public Financing
State and Local Nominations
I. POLITICAL CONTEXT AND POLITICIANS’ DECISIONS TO RUN
Table 6.1 Electoral Context of Gubernatorial Elections
II. DEVELOPMENT OF THE DIRECT PRIMARY SYSTEM
Table 6.2 Offices at the Top of the Ballot
B. Primaries as an Item on the Progressive Agenda
III. VARIETIES OF PRIMARIES
A. Who May Run
1. Party Membership and Petition Requirements
2. The Role of Parties
3. The Top Two System
B. Who May Vote
1. Closed and Open Primaries
5. Crossover Voting
C. Who Wins
1. Plurality Rule
IV. THE POLITICS OF NOMINATIONS
A. Uncontested Nominations
B. Contested Nominations
1. Incumbent Advantage
2. Contests without Incumbents
V. POLITICIANS VIEW THE NOMINATING PROCESS
State and Local Elections
I. THE CONVENTIONAL WISDOM: OLD VERSUS NEW POLITICS
II. THE NEW POLITICS: CAMPAIGNING IN A MEDIA AGE
A. Redistricting and Reapportionment
B. The Role of Political Parties
C. The Role of Organized Groups
D. Media Politics
E. The Candidate’s Personal Organization
F. The Structure of a Modern Campaign
1. Public Opinion Polling
2. Media Consultants
3. Internet Consultants
4. Fund-Raisers
III. OLD-STYLE POLITICS: A MORE PROMINENT ROLE FOR PARTIES
A. Reexamination of the Role of Political Parties
B. Local Campaigns in the Absence of Party
IV. DO CAMPAIGNS DETERMINE WHO WINS ELECTIONS?
A. Lack of Competition in American Elections
D. Credible Competition in American Elections
V. THIRD PARTIES IN STATE AND LOCAL ELECTIONS
VI. POLITICIANS VIEW THE GENERAL ELECTION
Presidential Nominations
I. THE POST-1968 REFORMS
A. The McGovern-Fraser Commission
B. The 1972 Nomination
C. The Reform Movement: An Assessment
E. An Evaluation of the Conventions
Presidential Elections
I. FROM THE CONVENTION TO THE GENERAL ELECTION
II. ORGANIZING FOR THE GENERAL ELECTION
A. Structuring the Campaign Organization
1. The Campaign Headquarters
2. The National Committee
3. The Mobile Headquarters
1. Grassroots Politics
2. Staffing the Candidate’s Plane
3. Staffing the Campaign Headquarters
C. Setting a Campaign Strategy
III. STRATEGIES FOR THE GENERAL ELECTION
A. Geographic Determinations
B. Coalition Strategies
C. Issue Strategies
1. Campaign Themes
2. Character as a Campaign Issue
3. The Issues Raised during a Campaign
D. The Strategic Use of Incumbency
IV. TACTICS FOR THE GENERAL ELECTION
A. Tactical Considerations of Where to Go
B. Tactical Considerations of Media Use
D. The Tactics of Presidential Debates
V. THIRD-PARTY CANDIDATES IN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
VI. POLITICIANS VIEW THE CAMPAIGNS
The Media and the Electoral Process
I. THE MEDIA IN THE CONTEMPORARY CONTEXT
A. The Varieties of Free Media
B. The Role of the Free Media
1. Informed Consent of the Governed
2. Window on the Candidates
3. Referee between Candidates
C. The Actual Role That the Media Play
1. The Great Mentioner
2. Image Creator
3. Expectation Setter
4. Issue Identifier
5. Field Narrower
6. Campaign Critic
7. Documentor of Elections
8. Purveyor of Results
D. An Assessment of the Role of Free Media
1. Why Do the Media Play the Roles They Do?
2. How Should We Evaluate That Role?
III. PAID MEDIA: THE CANDIDATE PROVIDES THE MESSAGE
A. Types of Paid Media
B. Controversies Caused by the Use of Paid Media
1. Negative Advertising
2. Issue Advocacy Advertisements
C. Impact of Paid Media on Election Campaigns
IV. POLITICIANS VIEW THE MEDIA
Party in Government
II. MEASURING PARTY STRENGTH IN CONGRESS
A. House Leadership
1. Democratic Hegemony
2. Republican Revolution
Table 11.1 Party Leadership in the House, April 2011
B. Senate Leadership
IV. THE PRESIDENT AS LEADER OF PARTY IN GOVERNMENT
V. POLITICIANS VIEW PARTY IN GOVERNMENT
The Role of Political Parties
I. THE ROLE OF ELECTIONS
A. The Context of Federalism
1. Presidential Elections
2. Congressional Elections
3. State and Local Elections
4. Nonpartisan Politics
II. VOTERS, PARTIES, AND ELECTIONS
B. The Parties in the Modern Election
C. Parties’ Appeal to the Electorate
D. The Tone of Twenty-first-Century Politics
III. CONCLUDING REMARKS
Notes
References
Credits
Index
About the Authors
P. 1
Parties and Elections in America: The Electoral Process

Parties and Elections in America: The Electoral Process

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Published by RowmanLittlefield
Parties and Elections in America: The Electoral Process covers all elements of parties and the electoral process, including local, state, and national party organizations; American party history and party systems; state and local nominations; state and local elections; presidential nominations; and presidential elections. Separate chapters are devoted to the important subjects of the media in the electoral process and campaign finance. The role of political parties in representative democracy—and their contributions to it—are examined critically. The sixth edition incorporates the results of the 2010 midterm elections.
Parties and Elections in America: The Electoral Process covers all elements of parties and the electoral process, including local, state, and national party organizations; American party history and party systems; state and local nominations; state and local elections; presidential nominations; and presidential elections. Separate chapters are devoted to the important subjects of the media in the electoral process and campaign finance. The role of political parties in representative democracy—and their contributions to it—are examined critically. The sixth edition incorporates the results of the 2010 midterm elections.

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Publish date: Aug 2011
Added to Scribd: Oct 06, 2011
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781442207707
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