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Food Security After ARRA

Food Security After ARRA

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Published by Patricia Dillon
Economic Research Report 116 USDA
Economic Research Report 116 USDA

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Published by: Patricia Dillon on Oct 07, 2011
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 Food Security ImprovedFollowing the 2009 ARRAIncrease in SNAP Benefits
Mark NordMark Prell
EconomicResearchReportNumber 116April 2011
United StatesDepartment ofAgriculture
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programsand activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and, whereapplicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexualorientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part of anindividual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibitedbases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative meansfor communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) shouldcontact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD).To file a complaint of discrimination write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272(voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.
Recommended citation format for this publication:
Nord, Mark, and Mark Prell.
Food Security Improved Following the2009 ARRA Increase in SNAP Benefits,
ERR-116, U.S. Departmentof Agriculture, Economic Research Service, April 2011.
Photo: USDA NAL Photography Center.
Visit Our Website To Learn More!
Find additional informationhttp://www.ers.usda.gov/briefing/foodsecurity
United StatesDepartmentof Agriculture
A Report from the Economic Research Service 
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 increased benefit levels for theSupplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as the Food StampProgram) and expanded SNAP eligibility for jobless adults without children. One goalof the program changes was to improve the food security of low-income households. Wefind that food expenditures by low-income households increased by about 5.4 percent andtheir food insecurity declined by 2.2 percentage points from 2008 to 2009. Food securitydid not improve for households with incomes somewhat above the SNAP eligibility range.These findings, based on data from the nationally representative Current PopulationSurvey Food Security Supplement, suggest that the ARRA SNAP enhancements contrib-uted substantially to improvements for low-income households.
Food security, food insecurity, food spending, SNAP, Supplemental NutritionAssistance Program, ARRA, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
The authors thank Erik Scherpf and David Smallwood (Economic Research Service),Michael Wiseman (George Washington University), Bruce Webber (Oregon StateUniversity), and Bruce Meyer (University of Chicago) for their insights and suggestions.Thanks also to Angela Anderson for editorial assistance and to Wynnice Pointer-Napperfor the production and graphics work.
Mark Nord,
Mark Prell,
Food Security ImprovedFollowing the 2009 ARRAIncrease in SNAP Benefits
EconomicResearchReportNumber 116April 2011

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