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AL Chemistry Syllabus

AL Chemistry Syllabus

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POCA Wong Siu Ching Sec. Sch.
F.6 Chemistry Teaching Schedule (2000-01)Textbook: New Way Chemistry for Hong Kong A-level (Book1, 2 and 3)
CycleDateSyllabusExplanatory NotesReferences in textsRemar
1.Atom, Molecules andStoichiometry
1.1The atomic structure1.2Radioactivity1.3Relative isotopic, atomic andmolecular masses1.4The mole conceptProtons, neutrons and electrons as constituents of the atom.The relative masses and charges of a proton, neutron and electron.The atomic nucleus. Relative size of the atom and atomic nucleus. Nature of α,β particles, and ofγradiation.Equations for nuclear reactions.Uses of isotopes in leak detection, radiotherapy, nuclear power and astracers. (Underlying principles and instrumentation are not required.)A brief account of the mass spectrometer in determining relativeisotopic, atomic and molecular masses (instrumental details andmathematical treatment of the mass spectrometer, and the use of fragmentation in structure determination are not required.)The mole and the Avogadro constant.Molar volume of gases at R.T.P. (room temperature and pressure) andS.T.P. (standard temperature and pressure). Ideal gas equation, pV=nRTand its application to the relative molecular mass determination.Chapter 1Chapter 2Setter: SK Chan1
 
POCA Wong Siu Ching Sec. Sch.1.5The Faraday and the mole1.6Empirical and molecular formulae1.7 Chemical equations and stoichiometry(Non-ideal behaviour of real gases and kinetic theory are not required.)Partial pressure of gas and its relationship to mole fraction.The Faraday as the quantity of electricity of one mole of electrons.Relationship between the mass liberated and the quantity of electricity passed in electrolysis.Derivation of empirical formula using combustion data or composition by mass. Molecular formula derived from empirical formula and relativemolecular mass.The stoichiometric relationship between reactants and products in areaction.Calculation involvingi.reacting massesii.volumes of gases, andiii.concentrations and volumes of solutionsChapter 3
2.The Electronic Structure of Atomsand the Periodic Table
2.1Atomic emission spectra andelectronic structure of atomsCharacteristics of the emission spectrum of atomic hydrogen.Interpretation of the spectrum using the relationship, E=hυleading to theidea of discrete energy levels.Convergence limits and ionization. (Calculation are not required).An awareness of the uniqueness of atomic emission spectra.Chapter 4Setter: SK Chan2
 
POCA Wong Siu Ching Sec. Sch.2.2Electronic structure, ionizationenthalpies, electron shell2.3Atomic orbitals2.4Electronic configurations of atomsElectronic configurations in relation toPlots of the following graphs to introduce shells and sub-shells:i.successive ionization enthalpies for a particular element, andii.first ionization enthalpies against atomic numbers (up to Z=20).(Experimental determination of ionization enthalpy is not required).An awareness of the wave nature of electrons, and that electrons are notlocalized in fixed orbits. An atomic orbital as a representation of a regionwithin which there is a high probability of finding an electron. Thedesignation of s, p and d orbitals. The number and relative energies of the s, p and d orbitals for the principal quantum numbers 1,2 and 3, andalso of 4s and 4p orbitals. Shapes of s and p orbitals only.(The uncertainty principle is not required.)Building up of electronic configurations based on three principles:i.electrons enter the orbitals in order of ascending energy(Aufbau principle),ii.orbitals of the same energy must be occupied singly before pairing occurs (Hund’s rule), andiii.electrons occupying the same orbital must have opposite spins(Pauli’s exclusion principle).Electron configurations of isolated atoms from H to Kr.Chapter 5Setter: SK Chan3

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