2.EXISITING AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM
The use of air conditioner for transport purpose may be a luxury in India but it iscommonly used in foreign countries .In comparison to domestic air-conditioning a very largeamount of air-conditioning capacity is required for a car. This is due to metal construction of thecar, the flow of air around moving car and relatively large glass area in the passenger compartment. Typically, a car A/C system capacity may be between 1 to 4 tons. The systemworks on Vapour Compression Refrigeration System (VCRS) and the compressor consumes largeamount of engine brake power (1 to 10 h.p.) as it is directly driven by the engine. This affects thefuel economy severely. A loss in economy level of the order of 1 to 1.5 km/liter can occur due tothe use A/C. Maximum power is required when the car is running at maximum speed under highambient temperature conditions. Apart far from this VCRS has got certain drawback, which limitsits extensive use among common car owner.
1.High initial cost.2.High operating cost, since fuel economy is affected, high maintenance cost, costly refrigerant.3.CFC’s (Chlorofluorocarbon) if leaks out of the system causes great damage to the ozone layer.4.If the car’s reserve power is less, it can affect its acceleration.5.Overloading and overheating of the engine takes place.