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Jails and Jumpsuits: Transforming the U.S. Immigration Detention System – A Two-Year Review

Jails and Jumpsuits: Transforming the U.S. Immigration Detention System – A Two-Year Review

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Published by LGBT Asylum News

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: LGBT Asylum News on Oct 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/12/2014

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 Jails and Jumpsuits
 Transforming the U.S. Immigration Detention System—A Two-Year Review 
 
 
 About Human Rights First
Human Rights First believes that building respect for humanrights and the rule of law will help ensure the dignity to whichevery individual is entitled and will stem tyranny, extremism,intolerance, and violence.Human Rights First protects people at risk: refugees who fleepersecution, victims of crimes against humanity or other masshuman rights violations, victims of discrimination, those whoserights are eroded in the name of national security, and humanrights advocates who are targeted for defending the rights of others. These groups are often the first victims of societalinstability and breakdown; their treatment is a harbinger of wider-scale repression. Human Rights First works to prevent violations against these groups and to seek justice andaccountability for violations against them.Human Rights First is practical and effective. We advocate for change at the highest levels of national and internationalpolicymaking. We seek justice through the courts. We raiseawareness and understanding through the media. We buildcoalitions among those with divergent views. And we mobilizepeople to act.
Human Rights First is a non-profit, non-partisan internationalhuman rights organization based in New York and WashingtonD.C. To maintain our independence, we accept no government funding.
© 2011 Human Rights First All Rights Reserved.
New York Washington D.C.
333 Seventh Avenue 100 Maryland Avenue, NE13th Floor Suite 500New York, NY 10001-5108 Washington, DC 20002-5625 Tel.: 212.845.5200 Tel: 202.547.5692Fax: 212.845.5299 Fax: 202.543.5999
 www.humanrightsfirst.org 
 Acknowledgements
 The principal authors of this report were Ruthie Epstein andEleanor Acer, and Ms. Epstein was the primary researcher.Additional research, writing, and editing were contributed byAnnie Sovcik. Research and/or editing assistance was providedby Brett George, Abraham Paulos, Lori Adams, Elise Dunton,Sara Faust, Alyssa Rickard, Tad Stahnke, and Isabel Toolan.Sarah Graham designed the report.We wish to thank the many refugees and asylum seekers, legalrepresentation organizations, faith-based and communitygroups, corrections professionals, and officials from theDepartments of Homeland Security and Justice who providedinformation included in this report. We also wish to expressappreciation to the experts who reviewed drafts of this report,including Michele Deitch, Helen Harnett, Donald Kerwin, Steve J. Martin, and Dr. Dora Schriro, as well as to David Shapiro, whoprovided invaluable research guidance.Human Rights First gratefully acknowledges the Fund for New Jersey and the Fund for New Citizens of the New YorkCommunity Trust for their generous support of our pro bonolegal representation program for indigent refugees who seekasylum in the United States. We also thank the Oak Foundationfor its support of the Refugee Protection Program and our workrelating to the detention of asylum seekers and other immigrants.
 This report is available online at
www.humanrightsfirst.org
.
 
Jails and JumpsuitsHuman Rights First
Contents
Executive Summary ............................................................................................. i
 
Introduction........................................................................................................ 1
 
 The Shift to Civil Detention— U.S. Government Commitments ................................ 4
 
Asylum Seekers and Other Immigration DetaineesStill Overwhelmingly Held in Jails and Jail-Like Facilities ....................................... 7
 
Immigration Detention Costs U.S. Taxpayers Over $2 Billion ............................... 13
 
Same Detention Standards ............................................................................... 15
 
Some Steps Forward on Shift to Less Penal Conditions ....................................... 18
 
Challenges to Reform ........................................................................................ 22
 
Progress to Improve Existing Detention System .................................................. 24
 
Persistent Deficiencies ...................................................................................... 25
 
Unnecessary Costs from Unnecessary Detention:Lack of Fair and Effective Release Procedures .................................................... 26
 
Inadequate Access to Legal Assistance and Justice,Particularly in Isolated Detention Facilities ......................................................... 30
 
Moving Forward: Key Conditions in a “Civil” Immigration Detention System ......... 33
 
Recommendations and Next Steps .................................................................... 42
 
Appendix .......................................................................................................... 46
 
Endnotes .......................................................................................................... 52
 

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