Although a cricket team consists of 12 players, only eleven of these players will take the field during the innings in which the team is fielding, with the 12th player remaining in reserve in the likelihood of an injury to a fielding player. One player will always take the position of the wicketkeeper; another player will be designated as a bowler, leaving 9 players to adopt various positions as chosen by the captain within the field of play. The fielding tactics adopted by the captain will vary depending on whether the fielding captain has chosen to adopt either defensive or attacking tactics.
The tactics are decided after taking into account a number of variables. These will include whether or not the fielding team has already
batted and if so, whether the total runs they made during their batting innings are decisive enough for the captain to decide the fielding
team is in a winning position. An attacking field would be set so as to force the batting side into making errors by adopting aggressive
bowling tactics and placing fieldsmen in close to the batsman. A defensive field setting would be set, in the event the fielding captain
believes his team's previous batting total can be easily eclipsed. The fieldsmen would be placed in such a way, they would be able to
save the majority of batting strokes from reaching the boundary for four or more runs. If the fielding captain is able to force the
batsmen into taking single runs, the likelihood of a forced error or dismissal is more than possible.
The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 20.12m in length measured from bowling crease to bowling crease and 3.05m in width. It is bounded at either end by the bowling creases and on either side by imaginary lines, one each side of the imaginary line joining the centers of the two middle stumps, each parallel to it and 1.52m from it.
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