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63847_1b

63847_1b

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1.74
SECTION 1
TABLE 1.14Empirical Formula Index of Organic Compounds (Continued)
The alphanumeric designations are keyed to Table 1.15.

C20H38O2: e230
C20H38O4: b187
C20H40: i2
C20H40O: o18

C20H42: i1
C21 to C23

C21H15NO: b143
C21H21N: t198
C21H21O4P: t452
C21H22N2O2: s10
C21H24O2: b144

C21H28N2O: b177

C21H36O: p14
C21H40O2: o14
C21H45N3O12Si3: t448
C22H23N3O9: a306

C22H26O: b181
C22H30O2S: t140
C22H34O4: b547, d463

C22H42O8: b152
C22H44O2: b581, i75
C22H46: d801

C22H46O: d802
C22H48N2: t27
C23H18BrO2P: c18
C23H26N2O4: b447
C23H42O2: b581a
C24 to C29
C24H16N2O2: b218
C24H18: t413
C24H20BNa: t126
C24H20Sn: t128
C24H27NO2: e169
C24H38O4: b193, d374, d466,

d466a
C24H40O5: c275
C24H46O4: d725, d812

C24H50: t41
C24H51N: t406
C24H51O3P: t438
C24H54OSn2: b224

C25H30ClN3: c315
C25H34Cl6O4: b189
C25H48O4: d465

C26H26N2O2S: b153
C26H42O2: d138
C26H42O4: d464

C26H47O3P: d462
C26H46O8: t312
C26H50O4: b190
C27H42O: c274

C27H50ClN: b96
C28H31ClN2O3: r6
C28H32: t127

C28H50O8: t314
C28H54O6Sn: b601
C29H44O2: m244
C29H50O7: p20

C30 to C57
C30H43FO2P: e188
C30H46O2: e187
C30H50: s8

C30H58O4S: d295
C30H62: s7
C30H63O3P: t324
C32H64O4Sn: d178

C32H66: d823
C36H75O3P: d726
C39H74O6: g21

C40H82O6P2: b217
C42H82O4S: d727
C45H86O6: g25

C51H98O6: g24
C55H98O6P2: i111
C57H104O6: g23
TABLE 1.15Physical Constants of Organic Compounds
See also the special tables of polymers, rubbers, fats, oils, and waxes.
Namesof the compounds in the table starting on p. 1.76 are arranged alphabetically. Usually substitutive no-

menclature is employed; exceptions generally involve ethers, sul\ufb01des, sulfones, and sulfoxides. Each compound is given a number within its letter classi\ufb01cation; thus compound c209 is 3-chlorophenol. Section 1.1, Nomen- clature of Organic Compounds, should be consulted to familiarize oneself with present nomenclature systems.

Synonyms or Alternate Namesare found at the bottom of each spread in their alphabetical listing; the number
following the same refers to the numerical place of this compound in the table. For example, epichlorohydrin,
c120, indicates that this compound is found listed under the name 1-chloro-2,3-epoxypropane.
Formulasare presented in semistructural form when no ambiguity is possible. Complicated systems are drawn
in complete structural form and located at the bottom of each page and keyed to the number of the entry.
Beilstein Reference.In this column is found the reference to the volume and page numbers of the fourth edition

of Beilstein,Handbuch der Organischen Chemie (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1918). Thus the entry 9, 202 refers to an entry in volume 9 appearing on page 202. When the volume number has a superscript attached, reference is made to the appropriate supplementary volume. For example, 122, 404 indicates that the compound will be found listed in the second supplement to volume 12 on page 404. The earliest Beilstein entry is listed. Supplementary information may be found in the supplements to the basic series; such coordinating references (series number, volume number, and page number of the main edition) along with the system number are found at the top of eachodd-numbered page. Similarly, a back reference such as H93; E II 64; E III 190 in a volume of Supplementary Series IV means that previous items on this compound are found in the same volume of the

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
1.75

Basic Series on page 93, of Supplementary Series II on page 64, and of Supplementary Series III on page 190. The absence of a back reference implies that the compound involved is describedfor the \ufb01rst time in the series concerned.

Formula Weightsare based on the International Atomic Weights of 1993 and are computed to the nearest
hundredth when justi\ufb01ed. The actual signi\ufb01cant \ufb01gures are given in the atomic weights of the individual elements;
see Table 3.2.
Densityvalues are given at room temperature unless otherwise indicated by the superscript \ufb01gure; thus 0.9711112
indicates a density of 0.9711 for the substance at 112\ue000C. A density of
indicates a density of 0.899 for
16
0.8994
the substance at 16\ue000C relative to water at 4\ue000C.
Refractive Index,unless otherwise speci\ufb01ed, is given for the sodium line at 589.6 nm. The temperature at which
the measurement was made is indicated by the superscript \ufb01gure; otherwise it is assumed to be room temperature.
Melting Pointis recorded in certain cases as 250 d and in some other cases as d 250, the distinction being made

in this manner to indicate that the former is a melting point with decomposition at 250\ue000C, while the latter decomposition occurs only at 250\ue000C and higher temperatures. Where a value such as\ue0002H2O, 120 is given, it indicates a loss of 2 moles of water per formula weight of the compound at a temperature of 120\ue000C.

Boiling Pointis given at atmospheric pressure (760 mmHg) unless otherwise indicated; thus
indicates
15mm
82
that the boiling point is 82\ue000C when the pressure is 15 mmHg. Also, subl 550 indicates that the compound sublimes
at 550\ue000C.
Flash Pointis given in degrees Celsius, usually using a closed cup. When the method is known, the acronym

appears in parentheses after the value: closed cup (CC), Cleveland closed cup (CCC), open cup (OC), Tag closed cup (TCC), and Tag open cup (TOC). Because values will vary with the speci\ufb01c procedure employed, and many times the method was not stated, the values listed for the \ufb02ash point should be considered only as indicative. See also Table 5.23, Properties of Combustible Mixtures in Air.

Solubilityis given in parts by weight (of the formula weight) per 100 parts by weight of the solvent and at room

temperature. Other temperatures are indicated by the superscript. Another way in which solubility is explicitly stated is in weight (in grams) per 100 mL of the solvent. In the case of gases, the solubility is often expressed as 5 mL10, which indicates that at 10\ue000C, 5 mL of the gas is soluble in 100 g (or 100 mL, if explicitly stated) of the solvent.

Abbreviations Used in the Table

abs, absolute
acet, acetone
alc, alcohol (ethanol usually)
alk, alkali (aqueous NaOH or

KOH)
anhyd, anhydrous
aq, aqueous, water
as,asymmetrical

atm, atmosphere
BuOH, 1-butanol
bz, benzene
c, cold
chl, chloroform
conc, concentrated
d, decomposes or decomposed

D, dextrorotatory

deliq, deliquescent
dil, dilute
diox, 1,4-dioxane

DL, inactive (50% Dand 50% L)
DMF, dimethylformamide
E, trans(German \u201centgegen\u201d)

EtOAc, ethyl acetate
eth, diethyl ether
EtOH, ethanol, 95%

expl, explodes
glyc, glycerol
h, hot
HOAc, acetic acid
hyd, hydrolysis
hygr, hygroscopic
i, insoluble
ign, ignites
i-PrOH, isopropyl alcohol,

2-propanol
L, levorotatory
m, metacon\ufb01guration

Me, methyl
MeOH, methanol
misc, miscible; soluble in all

proportions
NaOH, aqueous sodium hy-
droxide
o, orthocon\ufb01guration
org, organic
p, paracon\ufb01guration

PE, petroleum ether
pyr, pyridine
s, soluble

sec,secondary

sl, slight, slightly
soln, solution
solv, solvent
subl, sublimes

s,symmetrical
sym,symmetrical
tert,tertiary

v, very
v s, very soluble
v sl s, very slightly soluble
vac, vacuo or vacuum
vols, volumes

Z, cis(German \u201czusamman\u201d)
\ue001, greater than
\ue002, less than
\ue000, approximately
\ue003, inactive [50% (\ue004) and
50% (\ue000)]

\ue000, alpha (\ufb01rst) position
\ue001, beta (second) position
\ue002, gamma (third) position

\ue003, delta (fourth) position
\ue004, omega position (farthest
from parent functional
group)
TABLE 1.15Physical Constants of Organic Compounds (Continued)
No.
Name
Formula
Formula
weight
Beilstein
reference
Density,
g/mL
Refractive
index
Melting
point,\ue000C
Boiling
point,\ue000C
Flash
point,\ue000C
Solubility in 100
parts solvent
a1
(\ue000)-Abietic acid
302.46
92, 424
172 \u2013 175
i aq; s acet, alc, bz,
chl, CS2, eth, dil alk
a2
Acenaphthene
154.21
5, 586
1.189
1.604895
93.4
279

i aq; 3.2 alc; 20 bz; 10 chl; 1.8 MeOH; 3.2 g in 100 mL HOAc

a3
Acenaphthylene
152.20
5, 625
0.89916
4
88\u201391
280
i aq; v s alc, eth
a4
Acetaldehyde
CH3CHO
44.05
1, 594
0.78816
6
1.331620
\ue000123
21
\ue00038(CC)
misc aq, alc, eth
a5
Acetaldoxime
CH3CH" NOH
59.07
1, 608
0.966
1.41520
46.5(\ue000)
12(\ue001)
114.5
40
v s aq, alc, eth
a6
Acetamide
CH3CONH2
59.07
22, 177
0.99978
1.4158110
81
222
70 aq; 50 alc; 16 pyr; s
chl, glyc, hot bz
a7
Acetamidine HCl
CH3C(" NH)NH2 \u00b7 HCl
94.54
2, 185
164 \u2013 166
v s aq; s alc; i acet, eth
a8
N-(2-Acetamido)-2-
aminoethanesulfonic
acid
H2N(CO)CH2NHCH2CH2SO3H
182.20
\ue001220 dec
a9
4-Acetamidobenzalde-
hyde
CH3CONHC6H4CHO
163.18
14, 38
156 \u2013 158
s aq, bz; sl s alc
a10
4-Acetamidobenzene-
sulfonyl chloride
CH3CONHC6H4SO3Cl
233.67
14, 702
148 dec
d aq; v s alc, bz, eth,
acet
a11
2-Acetamidobenzoic
acid
CH3CONHC6H4CO2H
179.18
14, 337
185 \u2013 187
sl s aq; v s alc, bz, eth,
acet
a12
4-Acetamidobenzoic
acid
CH3CONHC6H4CO2H
179.18
14, 432
262 dec
i aq; s alc; sl s eth
a13
2-Acetamido\ufb02uorene
223.28
12, 1331
192 \u2013 196
i aq; s alc, glycols
a14
N-(2-Acetamido)imi-
nodiacetic acid
H2NCOCH2N(CH2CO2H)2
190.16
219 d
a15
2-Acetamidophenol
CH3CONHC6H4OH
151.17
13, 370
207 \u2013 210
a16
3-Acetamidophenol
CH3CONHC6H4OH
151.17
13, 415
146 \u2013 149
a17
4-Acetamidophenol
CH3CONHC6H4OH
151.17
13, 460
1.29321
4
170 \u2013 172
s alc, acet
a18
Acetanilide
CH3CONHC6H5
135.17
12, 237
1.21915
4
114
304 \u2013 305
173

0.56 aq25; 25 acet; 29 alc; 2 bz; 27 chl; 5 eth

a19
Acetic acid
CH3CO2H
60.05
2, 96
1.049220
4
1.371820
16.7
118
39 (CC)
misc aq, alc, eth, CCl4
a20
Acetic acid-d
CH3CO2D
61.06
23, 202
1.059
1.271520
115.5
40
misc aq, alc, eth, CCl4
1.76

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