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Java Certification Study Notes

Java Certification Study Notes

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Study Notes for Sun Certified Programmer for Java 2 Platform
Page 1 of 73
Last Modified on 12/01/066:56 AM
Potential trips/traps in SCJP exam:

\u2022 Two public classes in the same file.
\u2022Main method calling a non-static method.
\u2022Methods with the same name as the constructor(s).
\u2022Thread initiation with classes that dont have a run() method.
\u2022Local inner classes trying to access non-final vars.
\u2022Case statements with values out of permissible range.
\u2022Math class being an option for immutable classes !!
\u2022instanceOf is not same as instanceof
\u2022Private constructors
\u2022An assignment statement which looks like a comparison if ( a=true)...
\u2022System.exit() in try-catch-finally blocks.
\u2022Uninitialized variable references with no path of proper initialization.
\u2022Order of try-catch-finally blocks matters.
\u2022main() can be declared final.
\u2022-0.0 == 0.0 is true.
\u2022A class without abstract methods can still be declared abstract.
\u2022RandomAccessFile descends from Object and implements DataInput and

DataOutput.

\u2022Map doesnot implement Collection.
\u2022Dictionary is a class, not an interface.
\u2022Collection is an Interface where as Collections is a helper class.
\u2022Class declarations can come in any order ( derived first, base next etc. ).
\u2022Forward references to variables gives compiler error.
\u2022Multi dimensional arrays can be sparce ie., if you imagine the array as a matrix,

every row need not have the same number of columns.

\u2022Arrays, whether local or class-level, are always initialized,
\u2022Strings are initialized to null, not empty string.
\u2022An empty string is NOT the same as a null string.
\u2022A declaration cannot be labelled.

Study Notes for Sun Certified Programmer for Java 2 Platform
Page 2 of 73
Last Modified on 12/01/066:56 AM
\u2022continue must be in a loop( for, do , while ). It cannot appear in case constructs.
\u2022Primitive array types can never be assigned to each other, eventhough the

primitives themselves can be assigned. ie., ArrayofLongPrimitives = ArrayofIntegerPrimitives gives compiler error eventhough longvar = intvar is perfectly valid.

\u2022A constructor can throw any exception.
\u2022Initilializer blocks are executed in the order of declaration.
\u2022Instance initializer(s) gets executed ONLY IF the objects are constructed.
\u2022All comparisons involving NaN and a non-Nan would always result false.
\u2022Default type of a numeric literal with a decimal point is double.
\u2022integer (and long ) operations / and % can throw ArithmeticException while float

/ and % will never, even in case of division by zero.
\u2022== gives compiler error if the operands are cast-incompatible.
\u2022You can never cast objects of sibling classes( sharing the same parent ), even with
an explicit cast.
\u2022.equals returns false if the object types are different.It does not raise a compiler
error.

\u2022No inner class can have a static member.
\u2022File class has NO methods to deal with the contents of the file.
\u2022InputStream and OutputStream are abstract classes, while DataInput and

DataOutput are interfaces.
Study Notes for Sun Certified Programmer for Java 2 Platform
Page 3 of 73
Last Modified on 12/01/066:56 AM
Chapter 1 Language Fundamentals
1. Source file\u2019s elements (in order)
a. Package declaration
b. Import statements
c. Class definitions
2. Importing packages doesn\u2019t recursively import sub-packages.

3. Sub-packages are really different packages, happen to live within an enclosing package. Classes in sub-packages cannot access classes in enclosing package with default access.

4. Comments can appear anywhere. Can\u2019t be nested.(No matter what type of comments)

5. At most one public class definition per file. This class name should match the file name. If there are more than one public class definitions, compiler will accept the class with the file\u2019s name and give an error at the line where the other class is defined.

6. It\u2019s not required having a public class definition in a file. Strange, but true.\u263a In this case, the file\u2019s name should be different from the names of classes and interfaces (not public obviously).

7. Even an empty file is a valid source file.
8. An identifier must begin with a letter, dollar sign ($) or underscore (_). Subsequent
characters may be letters, $, _ or digits.

9. An identifier cannot have a name of a Java keyword. Embedded keywords are OK. true, false and null are literals (not keywords), but they can\u2019t be used as identifiers as well.

10. const and goto are reserved words, but not used.
11. Unicode characters can appear anywhere in the source code. The following code is
valid.

ch\u0061r a = 'a'; char \u0062 = 'b'; char c = '\u0063';

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