What makes children vulnerable?
How does a child become resilient?
What do children need to cope with adversity?
External resources fostering resilience
Inner resources fostering resilience
How to develop resilience in children
The importance of the family
The importance of school
The benefits of experiential learning
The sickness of a parent
Caring for a sick
The economic impact of a sick parent
The stigma of HIV/AIDS
Dealing with the death of a parent
Preparation for the death of a parent
Being infected themselves
Dealing with HIV and school
Telling others about an HIV/AIDS status
Different aspects of mourning
Factors that affect the mourning process
The death of the parent
The relationship with the deceased parent
The availability of a surviving parent or caregiver
The structure of the extended family
Rituals surrounding the parent’s death
Support from the community
Peers and friends
The age and developmental stage of the child
Normal versus severe reactions
What are severe reactions?
Preventing severe reactions in a child
The STOP system for parents
Make a memory box
Pray with your child and pray for your child
The STOP system for caregivers
The STOP system for teachers
The attitudes of caregivers and teachers
Explaining her behaviour
Sleeping difficulties and nightmares
Explaining his behaviour
What else can you do to help?
Intrusive memories (flashbacks)
How to deal with flashbacks or nightmares
How can you deal with aggressive children?
Negative magical thinking
How to help children access their inner resources again
Physical complaints and body pains
What can you do to help at home?
What can you do to help at school?
Games that foster trust
Games for group cohesiveness and social skills
Games to recognise and understand feelings
Games that calm children down
Games for help-seeking, autonomy and awareness
Games to see how feelings appear physically
Games to help autobiographical memory
How do you know when a reaction is extreme?
Disturbing intrusive memories
Severe and persistent feelings of anxiety
Delinquent or anti-social behaviour
What can you do to help?
Child abuse and neglect
What is neglect?
What is physical abuse?
What is sexual abuse?
What is emotional abuse?
Is there a type of child who may suffer abuse or neglect?
Who abuses children?
What can we do to prevent abuse?
Talking to children about abuse
What to do when you suspect child abuse
Important points to remember
Child abuse and HIV/AIDS
What should you do if a child has been raped?