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Utopia

Utopia

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Published by Amanda Roddy

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Published by: Amanda Roddy on Oct 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/25/2014

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Utopia
Thomas More
This eBook is designed and published by Planet PDF. For more freeeBooks visit our Web site athttp://www.planetpdf.com.
 
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INTRODUCTION
Sir Thomas More, son of Sir John More, a justice of the King’s Bench, was born in 1478, in Milk Street, in thecity of London. After his earlier education at St. Anthony’sSchool, in Threadneedle Street, he was placed, as a boy, inthe household of Cardinal John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor. It was not unusual for persons of wealth or influence and sons of good families tobe so established together in a relation of patron andclient. The youth wore his patron’s livery, and added tohis state. The patron used, afterwards, his wealth or influence in helping his young client forward in the world.Cardinal Morton had been in earlier days that Bishop of Ely whom Richard III. sent to the Tower; was busyafterwards in hostility to Richard; and was a chief adviser of Henry VII., who in 1486 made him Archbishop of Canterbury, and nine months afterwards Lord Chancellor.Cardinal Morton—of talk at whose table there arerecollections in ‘Utopia’delighted in the quick wit of  young Thomas More. He once said, ‘Whoever shall liveto try it, shall see this child here waiting at table prove anotable and rare man.’
 
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183At the age of about nineteen, Thomas More was sentto Canterbury College, Oxford, by his patron, where helearnt Greek of the first men who brought Greek studiesfrom Italy to England—William Grocyn and ThomasLinacre. Linacre, a physician, who afterwards took orders,was also the founder of the College of Physicians. In 1499,More left Oxford to study law in London, at Lincoln’sInn, and in the next year Archbishop Morton died.More’s earnest character caused him while studying lawto aim at the subduing of the flesh, by wearing a hair shirt,taking a log for a pillow, and whipping himself on Fridays.At the age of twenty-one he entered Parliament, and soonafter he had been called to the bar he was made Under-Sheriff of London. In 1503 he opposed in the House of Commons Henry VII.’s proposal for a subsidy on accountof the marriage portion of his daughter Margaret; and heopposed with so much energy that the House refused togrant it. One went and told the king that a beardless boyhad disappointed all his expectations. During the last years,therefore, of Henry VII. More was under the displeasureof the king, and had thoughts of leaving the country.Henry VII. died in April, 1509, when More’s age was alittle over thirty. In the first years of the reign of HenryVIII. he rose to large practice in the law courts, where it is
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