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HimPunAn

HimPunAn

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Published by Evan Abie Eza

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Published by: Evan Abie Eza on Oct 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/08/2012

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Logika Matematika
Himpunan
1Logika Matematika - Himpunan
 
Himpunan
Himpunan
kumpulan objek
 –
objek yang berbeda.
Objek didalam himpunan disebut elemen, unsur, atauanggota.
Penyajian himpunan :
 –
Enumerasi
 –
contoh : A = {1,2,3,4}; B = {2,4,6,8}
 –
Simbol
 –
simbol baku
 –
contoh :
N
= himpunan bilangan asli
= {1,2,…}
 
 –
Notasi pembentuk himpunan
 –
contoh : A = {x | x
є
N, x < 5}
 –
Diagram Venn
2Logika Matematika - Himpunan
 
Kardinalitas
Misalkan A merupakan himpunan berhingga,
maka jumlah elemen berbeda di dalam A
disebut kardinal dari himpunan A.notasi : n(A) atau |A|
Contoh :
a. A = {x | x merupakan bilangan prima yang lebihkecil dari 20}, maka |A| = 8b. B = {a, {a}, {{a}}, { }}, maka |C| = 4
3Logika Matematika - Himpunan

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