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Osmanlı ordusu

Osmanlı ordusu

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Osmanl\u0131 ordusu

Ordu: Osmanl\u0131 ordusu, kurulu\u015fundan 20. y\u00fczy\u0131l\u0131n ba\u015f\u0131na kadar kara ve deniz kuvvetleri olmak \u00fczere
te\u015fkil\u00e2tlanm\u0131\u015ft\u0131. 1909-1910 y\u0131llar\u0131nda Avrupa ordu te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131na giren Hava kuvvetleri, 1912'de de
Osmanl\u0131 Devletinde kuruldu. Osmanl\u0131lar\u0131n kurulu\u015funda ordu, a\u015firet kuvvetlerinden meydana geliyordu.
Fetihlerin geni\u015flemesiyle, g\u00f6n\u00fcll\u00fclerin, feth edilen yerlere isk\u00e2nla da T\u00fcrkmen bey ve kuvvetlerinin
kat\u0131lmas\u0131yla asker miktar\u0131 art\u0131p, te\u015fkil\u00e2tlanmaya gidildi.
Beylik, ak\u0131nc\u0131 ve g\u00f6n\u00fcll\u00fc kuvvetlerine il\u00e2veten 1361 y\u0131l\u0131nda yaya (piy\u00e2de) ve
m\u00fcsellem (s\u00fcv\u00e2ri) olmak \u00fczere muntazam ve d\u00e2im\u00ee ordu te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131 kuruldu.
Osmanl\u0131 kara kuvvetleri piy\u00e2de, s\u00fcv\u00e2ri ey\u00e2let askerleri, teknik ve yard\u0131mc\u0131
s\u0131n\u0131flardan meydana gelirdi. Piy\u00e2deler; acemi, yeni\u00e7eri, cebeci, top\u00e7u, top
arabac\u0131lar\u0131, la\u011f\u0131mc\u0131, humbarac\u0131 ocaklar\u0131 olmak \u00fczere yedi oca\u011fa ayr\u0131l\u0131rd\u0131.
S\u00fcv\u00e2riler de; sip\u00e2hi, sil\u00e2htar, sa\u011f ul\u00fbfeciler, sol ul\u00fbfeciler, sa\u011f garipler, sol garipler
b\u00f6l\u00fckleri olmak \u00fczere alt\u0131 b\u00f6l\u00fc\u011fe ayr\u0131l\u0131rd\u0131. Ey\u00e2let askerleri timarl\u0131 sip\u00e2hiler ve yerli
kulu te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131 olmak \u00fczere ikiye ayr\u0131l\u0131rd\u0131. Timarl\u0131 sip\u00e2hiler, Osmanl\u0131 ordusunun en
\u00f6nemli k\u0131sm\u0131 olup; timar s\u00e2hipleriyle, bunlar\u0131n beslemek ve yeti\u015ftirmekle y\u00fck\u00fcml\u00fc
olduklar\u0131 cebel\u00fclerden meydana gelirdi. Yerli kulu te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131; yurti\u00e7i, geri hizmet,
kale kuvvetleri te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131 olmak \u00fczere \u00fc\u00e7 b\u00f6l\u00fcmd\u00fc. Yurti\u00e7i te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131; belderanlar,
cerahorlar, derbendciler, martalozlar, menzilciler, voynuklar gruplar\u0131ndan; geri
hizmet te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131, yaya ve m\u00fcsellemler ile y\u00f6r\u00fcklerden; kale kuvvetleri te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131,
azaplar, g\u00f6n\u00fcll\u00fc ve be\u015flilerden meydana gelirdi. Ak\u0131nc\u0131lar, Osmanl\u0131 ordusunun
\u00f6nc\u00fc kuvvetleri olup, kurulu\u015funa, geli\u015fmesine ve geni\u015flemesine \u00e7ok hizmetleri
ge\u00e7ti. Ak\u0131nc\u0131lar onlu sisteme g\u00f6re te\u015fkil\u00e2tlanm\u0131\u015flard\u0131.

Gen\u00e7 Osman
1. Mustafa

Deniz kuvvetleri (Donanma): Osmanl\u0131 Deniz Kuvvetleri, Karesi, Mente\u015fe, Ayd\u0131n
gibi denizci beyliklerin h\u00e2kimiyet alt\u0131na al\u0131nmas\u0131yla s\u00e2hip olunan gemi ve
personeliyle kuruldu. \u0130lk zamanlarda Karam\u00fcrsel, Edincik ve \u0130zmit'teki gemi in\u015f\u00e2
tezg\u00e2hlar\u0131, Sultan Birinci B\u00e2yez\u00eed Han (1386-1402) zam\u00e2n\u0131nda Gelibolu, Sultan
Birinci Selim Han (1512-1520) zaman\u0131nda Hali\u00e7, Sultan Birinci S\u00fcleyman Han
(1520-1566) zam\u00e2n\u0131nda S\u00fcvey\u015f ve zamanla Ruscuk, Birecik ters\u00e2neleri kuruldu.
Bu ters\u00e2nelerde k\u00fcrekli ve yelkenli gemiler \u00eem\u00e2l ediliyordu. Buharl\u0131 gemilerin
ke\u015ffiyle 1827'de donanma, Bu\u011fu denilen bu gemilerle de donat\u0131ld\u0131. K\u00fcrekli gemi
\u00e7e\u015fitleri olarak; u\u00e7urma, karam\u00fcrsel, aktarma, \u00fcst\u00fca\u00e7\u0131k, \u00e7ete kay\u0131\u011f\u0131, brolik,
celiyye, \u00e7aml\u0131ca, \u015fayka, firkate, mavna, kalite, g\u0131rab, \u015fahtur, \u00e7ekelve, k\u0131rlang\u0131\u00e7,
ba\u015ftarde ve kad\u0131rga kullan\u0131ld\u0131. Yelkenli gemi \u00e7e\u015fitlerinden de; ate\u015f, a\u011fr\u0131par, bar\u00e7a,
brik, uskuna, korvet, kalyon, firkateyn, kapak ve \u00fc\u00e7 ambarl\u0131 kullan\u0131ld\u0131. Donanma-i
H\u00fcm\u00e2y\u00fbnun ba\u015f\u0131 1867 y\u0131l\u0131na kadar kaptan-\u0131 derya, bu t\u00e2rihten sonra da bahriye
n\u00e2z\u0131r\u0131 \u00fcnv\u00e2n\u0131n\u0131 ta\u015f\u0131d\u0131. Osmanl\u0131 donanmas\u0131, muazzam te\u015fkil\u00e2t\u0131, kuvvetli harp
filosu, cesur, \u00fcst\u00fcn k\u00e2biliyetli kaptan ve leventleriyle Karadeniz, Ege Denizi,
Akdeniz ve K\u0131z\u0131ldeniz'e h\u00e2kim olup, Hind ve Atlas Okyanuslar\u0131nda Osmanl\u0131
sanca\u011f\u0131 ile armas\u0131n\u0131 dalgaland\u0131r\u0131p temsil ediyorlard\u0131. Osmanl\u0131 donanmas\u0131n\u0131n 27
Eyl\u00fcl 1538 t\u00e2rihinde m\u00fcttefik Avrupa devlet ve kavimlerinden meydana gelen
Ha\u00e7l\u0131 donanmas\u0131na kar\u015f\u0131 kazand\u0131\u011f\u0131 Preveze Deniz Zaferi, bug\u00fcn de Deniz
Kuvvetleri g\u00fcn\u00fc olarak kabul edilmektedir.

Osmanl\u0131 ordusunda ate\u015fsiz, ate\u015fli, koruyucu sil\u00e2hlar kullan\u0131lmaktayd\u0131. Ate\u015fsiz
sil\u00e2hlar; k\u0131l\u0131\u00e7, ok, sapan, bozdo\u011fan, topuz da denilen g\u00fcrz, kam\u00e7\u0131, d\u00f6\u011fen, balta, me\u00e7,
\u015fim\u015fir, gaddara, yata\u011fan, han\u00e7er, kama, m\u0131zrak, cirit, kantariye, kastani\u00e7e, s\u00fcng\u00fc,
z\u0131pk\u0131n, t\u0131rpan, \u00e7atal, halbart, manc\u0131n\u0131k, m\u00fcteharrik kule; Ate\u015fli Sil\u00e2hlar; \u015fayka,
zarbazen, miyane zarbazen, \u015fah\u00ee zarbazen, \u015fakloz, drank\u0131, bedolu\u015fka, marten,
ejderhan, kolonborna, miyane, balyemez adlar\u0131ndaki toplar \u015fi\u015fhaneli karabina,
\u00e7akmakl\u0131, fitilli \u00e7e\u015fitleriyle t\u00fcfek, tabanca kullan\u0131l\u0131rd\u0131. Z\u0131rh, karakal, mi\u011ffer, kalkan da
d\u00fc\u015fman sil\u00e2h\u0131ndan muh\u00e2faza i\u00e7in kullan\u0131l\u0131rd\u0131.

Y\u0131ld\u0131r\u0131m Bayezid1
3.Murat

1839 Tanzimat il\u00e2n\u0131na kadar ordu-yu h\u00fcm\u00e2y\u00fbnda m\u00fclk\u00ee vazifeleri de olan asker\u00ee
r\u00fctbeler \u015funlard\u0131r: Sad\u00e2ret, vezir, beylerbeyi, \u00fcl\u00e2, sancak beyi, alaybeyi,
kaymakam, binba\u015f\u0131, sa\u011fkola\u011fas\u0131, y\u00fczba\u015f\u0131, m\u00fcl\u00e2z\u0131m-\u0131 evvel, m\u00fcl\u00e2z\u0131m-\u0131 s\u00e2n\u00ee, z\u00e2bit
vekili, ba\u015f\u00e7avu\u015f, onba\u015f\u0131, nefer. Son devir asker\u00ee r\u00fctbeler ve \u0130kinci Abd\u00fclham\u00eed
Han (1876-1909) zam\u00e2n\u0131nda, 1900'de subay maa\u015flar\u0131: m\u00fc\u015f\u00eer (mare\u015fal) iki y\u00fcz elli
alt\u0131n, ferik (korgeneneral) y\u00fcz alt\u0131n, mirliva (t\u00fcmgeneral) altm\u0131\u015f alt\u0131n, miralay
(albay) yirmi be\u015f alt\u0131n, kaymakam (yarbay) on sekiz alt\u0131n, binba\u015f\u0131 on iki alt\u0131n,
kola\u011fas\u0131 (k\u0131demli y\u00fczba\u015f\u0131) on alt\u0131n, y\u00fczba\u015f\u0131 be\u015f alt\u0131n, m\u00fcl\u00e2z\u0131m-\u0131 evvel (\u00fcste\u011fmen)
iki bu\u00e7uk alt\u0131n, m\u00fcl\u00e2z\u0131m-\u0131 s\u00e2ni (te\u011fmen) iki alt\u0131n, nefer (er) bir mecidiye (bir alt\u0131n\u0131n
be\u015fte biri). Bu maa\u015flar net ve kesintisiz olup, her ay da ihs\u00e2n-\u0131 \u015fah\u00e2ne (p\u00e2di\u015f\u00e2h
hediyesi) alan pek\u00e7ok subay vard\u0131.
Y

Osmanl\u0131 Ordusu Genel Kuvvetler

Genel kuvvet, Osmanl\u0131 Ordusunun kurulu\u015f tarihi olan 1363 (H.730) y\u0131l\u0131ndan yeni\u00e7erilerin
kald\u0131r\u0131lmas\u0131 tarihi olan 1826 (H. 1241) y\u0131l\u0131na kadar ge\u00e7en yakla\u015f\u0131k be\u015f y\u00fczy\u0131l i\u00e7inde Osmanl\u0131 genel
kuvveti haliyle bir\u00e7ok de\u011fi\u015fikliklere u\u011fram\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.

Ba\u015flang\u0131\u00e7tayeni\u00e7eri ler 1000 ki\u015fiden olu\u015furkenKanuni d\u00f6neminde 12.000, III. Mehmet d\u00f6neminde 45.000 ki\u015fiye ula\u015fm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. 17'nci y\u00fczy\u0131l\u0131n ortalar\u0131nda tasarruf nedeniyle say\u0131lar\u0131 yar\u0131 yar\u0131ya indirildi\u011fi halde 18'nci y\u00fczy\u0131l ba\u015f\u0131nda 70.000, ortalar\u0131nda 80.000'e \u00e7\u0131km\u0131\u015f, III. Selim d\u00f6neminde 110.000'e,II.

Mahmut d\u00f6neminde de 140.000 ki\u015fiye ula\u015fm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.
Yeni\u00e7erilerin kurulu\u015fu ve d\u00fczenlenmesi, Kanuni d\u00f6neminde tamamlanarak ortalar\u0131n\u0131n say\u0131s\u0131 196

olmak \u00fczere s\u0131n\u0131rland\u0131r\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Bu say\u0131 sonuna kadar de\u011fi\u015fmez kald\u0131\u011f\u0131 halde say\u0131ca yukar\u0131da
belirlendi\u011fi \u00fczere bazan artt\u0131r\u0131lm\u0131\u015f bazanda eksiltilmi\u015f oldu\u011fundanortalar da do\u011fal olarak
mevcudunun de\u011fi\u015fmesini gerekli k\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. \u00d6nceleri her yeni\u00e7eri ortas\u0131 60, 70 ve daha sonralar\u0131 100
ki\u015fiden olu\u015furken, 18'nci y\u00fczy\u0131lda 2000\u20143000 ki\u015filik ortalar g\u00f6r\u00fclm\u00fc\u015ft\u00fcr.

Di\u011fer kap\u0131kulu ocaklar\u0131ndan da zamana g\u00f6re artt\u0131rma ve eksiltmeler olmu\u015ftur. Kap\u0131kulu s\u00fcvarisi de
ba\u015flang\u0131\u00e7ta yaln\u0131z sipahi b\u00f6l\u00fc\u011f\u00fcnden ve say\u0131lar\u0131 da birka\u00e7 y\u00fcz ki\u015fiden olu\u015furken sonralar\u0131 b\u00f6l\u00fcklerinin
say\u0131s\u0131 alt\u0131ya vard\u0131r\u0131lm\u0131\u015f ve mevcuttan bazan artt\u0131r\u0131lma bazanda eksiltilerek 17'nci y\u00fczy\u0131ldan sonra
20.000'i a\u015fm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Fakat sonralar\u0131 al\u0131nan baz\u0131 kararlar sonucunda kuvvetleri gittik\u00e7e azalm\u0131\u015f \u00f6nem ve
sayg\u0131nl\u0131klar\u0131 da kalmam\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.

\u00dclkeler zaptedild\u0131k\u00e7e bu \u00fclkelerin t\u0131mar, zeamet ve has'\u0131nPadi\u015fahlar taraf\u0131ndan \u00f6d\u00fcllendirilerek,
sava\u015fta yararl\u0131k g\u00f6sterenlerden hak sahiplerine b\u00f6l\u00fcnd\u00fc\u011f\u00fcnden, toprakl\u0131 s\u00fcvarisinin say\u0131lar\u0131 gittik\u00e7e
\u00e7o\u011falm\u0131\u015f,Kanuni d\u00f6neminde yakla\u015f\u0131k olarak 150.000 atl\u0131y\u0131 bulmu\u015ftur. 17'nci y\u00fczy\u0131ldan sonra
do\u011frudan do\u011fruya devlet hazinesine giren gelirleri \u00e7o\u011faltmak arzusu ile a\u00e7\u0131k bulunan t\u0131mar ve zeamet,
ba\u015fkalar\u0131na verilmesinden vazge\u00e7ilerek, bunlar\u0131n kiralanmas\u0131 H\u00fck\u00fcmet\u00e7e daha uygun g\u00f6r\u00fcld\u00fc\u011f\u00fcnden
bu s\u00fcvarinin say\u0131s\u0131 gittik\u00e7e azalm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.

Evliya \u00c7elebi, Kanuni devrinde toprakl\u0131 s\u00fcvarisinin yani t\u0131mar, zeamet ile bunlar\u0131n yasal olarak
sava\u015fta \u00e7\u0131karmalar\u0131 gereken Cebelular\u0131n Kanuni S\u00fcleyman'\u0131n yasas\u0131nca Rumeli'de 74600,
Anadolu'da 91600 ki toplam olarak 166200 s\u00fcvariden olu\u015ftu\u011funu bildirmektedir. Yine IV. Sultan
Mehmet Han'\u0131n saltanat\u0131 ba\u015flar\u0131nda meydana gelen baz\u0131 fetihlerden dolay\u0131 bu say\u0131lar\u0131n 179.200'e
ula\u015ft\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131 bildirmektedir.
Askeri g\u00fc\u00e7ler toplam\u0131na gelince, bu da bir \u00f6l\u00e7\u00fcde kalmam\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Yabanc\u0131 tarih\u00e7ilerden Marsigli Sultan
S\u00fcleyman Han Hazretleri taraf\u0131ndan konulan askeri yasagere\u011fince kap\u0131kulu ocaklar\u0131askeri
g\u00fc\u00e7lerin 74148 m\u00fcmtaz eyaletlerin s\u00fcvarisi ile beraberTo p r ak l \u0131 s\u00fcvarisinin toplam 174192, deniz
askerlerinin de 5572, b\u00f6ylece genel Osmanl\u0131 kuvvetlerinin 299012 ki\u015fiden olu\u015ftu\u011funu fakat\u0130kinci
Viyana ku\u015fatmas\u0131 ile ba\u015flayan ve on yedi y\u0131l s\u00fcren Avusturya sava\u015f\u0131ndan sonra askeri kuvvetlerin
biraz daha azalt\u0131ld\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131 yazmakta ve iddia etmektedir. Fakat Osmanl\u0131 tarih\u00e7ilerin verdi\u011fi bilgiye g\u00f6re ise
Osmanl\u0131 kuvvetlerinin bu seferden sonra da say\u0131lar\u0131 hayli y\u00fckselmi\u015f bulunuyordu.

\u00c7\u00fcnk\u00fc Osmanl\u0131 tarihlerine g\u00f6re bu seferlerden hemen sonra kap\u0131kulu askerlerinden olmak \u00fczere
70394 yeni\u00e7eri, 12153 cebeci, 5084 top\u00e7u, 676 top arabac\u0131s\u0131, 15000 s\u00fcvari ki toplam 103307 ki\u015filik bir
askeri kuvvet bulunduruldu\u011fundan, Marsigly'ye g\u00f6re ise Kanuni S\u00fcleyman yasas\u0131ncakap\u0131kulu

askeri \u0130\u00e7in s\u0131n\u0131rland\u0131r\u0131lan 74.000 k\u00fcsur ki\u015fiden noksan de\u011fil hatta belki yar\u0131s\u0131 dolay\u0131nda fazla oldu\u011fu
kay\u0131t ve izah olunmaktad\u0131r.
2
Kanuni Sultan S\u00fcleyman Hazretlerinin 300 top, 300.000 ki\u015filik bir ordu ile Macaristan'a vard\u0131\u011f\u0131

yabanc\u0131 yazarlarca rivayet edilmi\u015ftir. Bu s\u0131ralarda geni\u015f Osmanl\u0131 \u00fclkelerinin di\u011fer y\u00f6nlerinde de yurti\u00e7i
asayi\u015finin sa\u011flanmas\u0131, d\u00fc\u015fmanl\u0131k belirtileri g\u00f6stermeleri muhtemel olan di\u011fer s\u0131n\u0131r kom\u015fular\u0131n\u0131n
g\u00f6zetimi i\u00e7in k\u00fc\u00e7\u00fck kuvvetler ayr\u0131lmas\u0131 gerekti\u011finden, genel Osmanl\u0131 kuvvetleri Marsigli'nin bildirdi\u011fi
say\u0131dan \u00e7ok daha fazla idi.

Ger\u00e7ekten, Marsigli'nin askeri s\u0131n\u0131flar\u0131n say\u0131lar\u0131na ait bro\u015f\u00fcr\u00fcne koydu\u011fu cetvel incelenirse, mevcut
olan askeri s\u0131n\u0131flardan baz\u0131s\u0131n\u0131n kuvvetini almad\u0131\u011f\u0131 g\u00f6r\u00fcl\u00fcr. Bu kaydedilmeyen askeri s\u0131n\u0131flar\u0131n
kuvvetleri de Marsigli'nin verdi\u011fi say\u0131ya eklenirse Osmanl\u0131 genel kuvvetin 500.000 ki\u015fiye yakla\u015ft\u0131\u011f\u0131
g\u00f6r\u00fcl\u00fcr.
Evliya \u00c7elebi elinde fermanla maa\u015f alan vazife isteklisi asker say\u0131s\u0131n\u0131n Kanuni devrinde 500.000,I V.
Mahmud Han d\u00f6neminde 566.000 ki\u015fi dolaylar\u0131nda oldu\u011fu bildirilmektedir. Sava\u015f s\u0131ras\u0131nda t\u0131mar ve
zeametlerden yararl\u0131k g\u00f6sterebilenler Padi\u015fah ordusuna eklenebilecek \u00e7ok say\u0131daki g\u00f6n\u00fcll\u00fcler bu
hesaba kat\u0131lmam\u0131\u015flard\u0131r.

B\u00f6ylece verdi\u011fimiz bilgilerden anla\u015f\u0131laca\u011f\u0131 gibi bar\u0131\u015f halinde yakla\u015fma veya durumun m\u00fcsaadesinde
askeri \u0130ndirim yani k\u0131s\u0131tlama ile tasarrufa \u00e7ok uyuldu\u011fu zamanlar d\u0131\u015f\u0131nda olmak \u00fczere normal
durumlarda genellikle Osmanl\u0131 Devleti Kuvvetleri toplam\u0131 400.000 ile 500.000 ki\u015fi dolaylar\u0131nda idi ki,
herhalde 400.000'den a\u015fa\u011f\u0131 de\u011fildi. Bunca b\u00fcy\u00fck askeri kuvvetleri o s\u0131ralarda Avrupa'da silah alt\u0131na
almaya hi\u00e7bir devletin g\u00fcc\u00fc yetmezdi.

Bu yaz\u0131 Osmanl\u0131 Askeri Te\u015fkilat\u0131 ve K\u0131yafeti / Mahmut \u015eevket Pa\u015fa / KKK / 1983 kitab\u0131ndan al\u0131m\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.
Osmanl\u0131 Donanmas\u0131n\u0131 Meydana Getiren Ocaklar
\u00d6nceleri deniz askerleri, tersane ocaklar\u0131 denilen birka\u00e7 ocaktan olu\u015fur, "Tersane Halk\u0131" ile "Harp
S\u0131n\u0131f\u0131" ndan olmak \u00fczere iki b\u00f6l\u00fcmden meydana gelirdi.

Her iki b\u00f6l\u00fcm\u00fcn \u00e2mir ve komutan\u0131 "Kaptan Pa\u015fa" idi. "Tersane Keth\u00fcdas\u0131" ve "Tersane A\u011fas\u0131" da deniz askerlerinin b\u00fcy\u00fck r\u00fctbeli ki\u015filerini meydana getirirdi. Sonralar\u0131 "Kapudane-i H\u00fcm\u00e2yun" ad\u0131n\u0131 alan birincisi Kaptan Pa\u015fa'n\u0131n muavini olup, ikincisi ise bunun yoklu\u011funda vekalet ederdi.

Tersanede \u00e7al\u0131\u015fan tersane halk\u0131 azablardan olu\u015furdu. BunlarReis,Odaba\u015f\u0131,A\u015f\u00e7\u0131ba\u015f\u0131 adlar\u0131nda \u00fc\u00e7
subay\u0131n komutas\u0131nda bulunur, reise "gardiyan ba\u015f\u0131" da denirdi.
Azablar her biri be\u015f alt\u0131 ki\u015fiden olu\u015fmak \u00fczere bir\u00e7ok k\u00fc\u00e7\u00fck ortalara b\u00f6l\u00fcnm\u00fc\u015f bulunur, tersane n\u00f6bet

beklemek, subaylar\u0131n filikalar\u0131n\u0131 \u00e7al\u0131\u015ft\u0131rmak, \u0130zmit'ten kereste getirmek ve zindanda bulunan
h\u00fck\u00fcml\u00fcleri muhafaza etmek gibi g\u00f6revleri yerine getirir, bir k\u0131sm\u0131 dakalafat\u00e7\u0131l\u0131k yapard\u0131. Azablar\u0131n bir
s\u0131n\u0131f\u0131 da top ve humbara at\u0131\u015f\u0131 gibi askeri e\u011fitimler de yapt\u0131klar\u0131ndan gerekti\u011finde bunlar a\u015fa\u011f\u0131da
say\u0131lacak sava\u015f s\u0131n\u0131f\u0131nda da g\u00f6rev al\u0131rlard\u0131.

Tersanede Tersane emini; tersane katibi, liman katibi, zindan katibi gibi baz\u0131 subaylar da hizmet
g\u00f6r\u00fcrlerdi.
Deniz askerinin harp s\u0131n\u0131f\u0131;

Levendler
T\u0131mar ve zeamet ki\u015fileri
Tayfalar
Forsalar

ad\u0131 verilen s\u0131n\u0131flardan olu\u015furdu. 17'nci y\u00fczy\u0131l sonunda bunlara "kalyoncu" ad\u0131yla bir s\u0131n\u0131f daha
eklenmi\u015ftir.
Osmanl\u0131 k\u0131y\u0131lar\u0131nda bulunan baz\u0131 sancaklardan "Kaptan Pa\u015fa Eyaleti" ad\u0131yla meydana getirilen
eyalette, y\u00f6resel asayi\u015fi sa\u011flamak i\u00e7in, di\u011fer eyaletlerdeki "Yerli Kulu" askerlerine benzer,sancak
beyleri taraf\u0131ndan kullan\u0131lan askerlere "Levend" ad\u0131 verilmi\u015fti. Bunlar gere\u011finde sava\u015f gemilerine
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