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Yoga Sutra - Chip Hartranft

Yoga Sutra - Chip Hartranft

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Published by api-3750171
Tradução e comentários sobre o yogasutra
Tradução e comentários sobre o yogasutra

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Published by: api-3750171 on Oct 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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Yoga-S\u00fbtra
\u00a5\u2122\u00b0\u00fa\u2044\u0192\u00e6\u00cb\u00ed\u2013\u203a&
The
of Pata\u00f1jali
Sanskrit-English Translation & Glossary
Chip Hartranft
Table of contents
Sanskrit pronunciation guide
Page 3
Sanskrit-English translation
4
Sanskrit-English glossary
71
Bibliography
84
About the author
86
Copyright \u00a9 2003
All Rights Reserved
Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide

Sanskrit\u2019s breadth of expression comes in part from using the entire mouth for pronunciation, and from elongating accented vowels. With an alphabet of 49 letters, it has several different versions of familiar sounds such as \u2018n\u2019 and \u2018s\u2019, each issuing from a different part of the mouth. For this reason, diacritical marks are generally used to indicate how and where a consonant or vowel should be sounded.

a
pronounced like \u2018a\u2019 inamerica
i
pronounced like \u2018i\u2019 inliter
u
pronounced like \u2018u\u2019 indude
e
pronounced like \u2018e\u2019 ingrey
ai, ay
pronounced like \u2018ai\u2019 inaisle
o
pronounced like \u2018o\u2019 inover
au
pronounced like \u2018ow\u2019 incow
\u00e2, \u00ee, \u00fb, \u00ea, \u00e2i, \u00e2u
prolonged for two beats instead of one
k, kh, g, gh, \u00f2
gutturals, arising from the throat
c, ch, j, jh, \u00f5
palatals, arising from the back of the palate
\u00f8, \u00f8h, \u00e8, \u00e8h, \u00f1
cerebrals, with tongue touching the roof of the mouth
t, th, d, dh, n
dentals, with tongue touching the back of the teeth
p, ph, b, bh, m
labials, arising from the lips
c
palatal, always pronounced like \u2018ch\u2019 in chop
\u00eb
cerebral, pronounced like \u2018ri\u2019 in rip
\u00e5
palatal, pronounced like \u2018sh\u2019 in shout
\u00e6
cerebral, pronounced like \u2018sh\u2019 in leash
\u00f5
pronounced like \u2018ni\u2019 inonion
\u00e4
pronounced like \u2018n\u2019 inuncle
j\u00f5
pronounced like \u2018gn\u2019 inigneous
h alone
pronounced like \u2018h\u2019 inhot
\u00ef
a soft echo of the preceding vowel
h after a consonant
extra breath after the consonant (in Sanskrit there are
no compound sounds like \u2018th\u2019 inthief or \u2018ph\u2019 inphone)

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