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Learn Arabic Grammar - Lesson 1

Learn Arabic Grammar - Lesson 1

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Published by Islamic Treasure
This is Lesson 1 of the FREE Arabic grammar course.
For more information about how this will work, kindly visit: http://www.islamictreasure.com/forums/index.php?board=8.0
We have taken a step forward in propagating knowledge, Come and take a step forward in Learning it.
This is Lesson 1 of the FREE Arabic grammar course.
For more information about how this will work, kindly visit: http://www.islamictreasure.com/forums/index.php?board=8.0
We have taken a step forward in propagating knowledge, Come and take a step forward in Learning it.

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Published by: Islamic Treasure on Oct 09, 2011
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Learning Arabic Grammar from the basicsLesson 1:Parts of Speech
In English language there are 8 Parts of Speech namely:
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adjective
Adverb
Preposition
Conjunction
InterjectionThe Arabic language is made up of 
 
ٌتﺎَ ﻤِ ﻠَ آ
 
(words) and these words are of 3 types i.e. In Arabic languagethere are 3 Parts of Speech, but these three Parts encompass all eight Parts of Speech of the EnglishLanguage. They are known as:
ٌفْﺮَ ﺣ
- 
Particle/Letter 
ٌﻞْ ﻌِ ﻓ
 - 
Action/Verb
ٌﻢْ ﺳِا
-
 
Noun 
Preposition
ConjunctionExample:-
ﻰﻟِإ
 
(ila) meaning “to”
ﻲﻓ
- (fee) meaning “in”
َو
- (wa) meaning “and”
Verb (same as in English)Example:-
َﺐَ هَذ
(duhaba) meaning “to go/went” 
Noun
Pronoun
Adjective
Adverb
InterjectionExample:-
ٌﺖْ ﻴَ ﺑ
(baytu-n) meaning “a house”
Note:
More examples will be given as we move on and learn each of the parts of speech separatelyInsha’Allah. As of now in the beginning, we will be focusing on Nouns and Particles and not Verbs.
 
3 Cases of Nouns in Arabic
Arabic nouns have three cases:1)
Nominative Case:
 
ٌعْﻮُ ﻓْﺮَ ﻣ
(marfoo’).Generally indicated by a dhammah or dhammataan on the last letter - This is the normal case of nouns
Example:
 
ُﺖْ ﻴَ ﺒْ ﻟا
/
ٌﺖْ ﻴَ ﺑ
(al-baitu / baitu-n)
 
2)
Accusative Case:
 
ٌبْﻮُ ﺼْ ﻨَ ﻣ
(mansoob).Generally indicated by a fatha or fathataan on the last letter.
Example:
 
َﺖْ ﻴَ ﺒْﻟا
/
ًﺎﺘْ ﻴَ ﺑ
(al-baita / baita-n)3)
Genitive Case:
 
ٌرْوُﺮْﺠَ ﻣ
(majroor).Generally indicated by a khasrah or khasrataan on the last letter.
Example:
 
ِﺖْ ﻴَ ﺒْ ﻟا
/
ٍﺖْ ﻴَ ﺑ
(al-baiti / baiti-n)
Vocabulary
 
 
ﺎَ ﻧأ
(ana) which means "I"
 
ُﻦْ ﺤَ ﻧ
(nahnu) which means "We"
 
ٌﺖْ ﻴَ ﺑ
(baytu-n) which means “A House / home”
 
ٌتﻮُ ﻴُ ﺑ
 
(buyootu-n) which means “Houses /homes”
 
Note:
Learn the Vocabulary before proceeding further.Arabic nouns are either definite or indefinite.
 
The Indefinite Particle
 
ٌةَﺮِ ﻜَ ﻧ
 
ٌفْﺮَ ﺣ
 
There is no word in Arabic corresponding to “a” in English as in “A book”. Indefinite nouns are indicated bydoubling the last vowel of the noun tanween (nunation) (
ٌ
 
) , which is generally translated as 'a/an'. It isequivalent to adding an “n” to the last vowel of the noun. Example : A House
 
ٌﺖْ ﻴَ ﺑ
 
(Baytu-n)
Preposition:
 
ﻲﻓ
 
- (fee)
 
 
In Arabic prepositions are called (harfu jarr)
 
ﺮَ ﺠْ ﻟا
 
ُفْﺮَ ﺣ
 
The Most commonly used word in Arabic is the preposition “Fee”
 
ﻲﻓ
,
although it has many translationsdepending on context, the most common translation is 'in'.
 
Important Point to Note:
A noun which appears after a preposition will be in the Genitive Case i.e; Prepositions like “fee”, “min” etcchanges the state of the noun to the Genitive case
 
ٌرْوُﺮْ ﺠَ ﻣ
 
(majroor), meaning the dhammah on the last letter of the noun changes into kasrah/kasrataan.

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