Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Defence of Scotland - Militias, Fencibles and Volunteer Corps1793-1820

The Defence of Scotland - Militias, Fencibles and Volunteer Corps1793-1820



|Views: 6,691|Likes:
Published by Arnold Morrison
A description of the militias, fencibles and volunteer corps, followed by a list of units and their records.
A description of the militias, fencibles and volunteer corps, followed by a list of units and their records.

More info:

Published by: Arnold Morrison on Oct 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as ODT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Some Scottish Sources on Militias, Fencibles andVolunteer Corps.
1793 – 1830
Professor Arnold Morrison
Scotland has a long tradition of auxiliary forces - Militias, Fencibles andVolunteers - which were raised for internal defence. From the 1690's until1746 regiments of Fencibles or Militias were deployed during actual orthreatened Jacobite risings, and then later during the Seven Years War andthe American War of Independence. However, the Revolutionary andNapoleonic Wars between Britain and France and their respective allies,which lasted, with two brief intervals, from 1793 to 1815, not only caused adramatic increase in auxiliary forces raised for internal defence but also ledto major changes in their nature and organisation, among them the creationof a Scottish Militia and the formation of numerous Volunteer Corps. TheMilitia and some of the Volunteer Yeomanry Corps persisted after the endingof the conflicts in 1815, leading eventually to a closer association of theseand later auxiliary forces with regular regiments of the British Army and after1907 to the development of the Territorial Army which exists to the presentday.Numerous records of officers and other ranks have survived from the late17th. Century onwards, but are particularly abundant for the 1793 - 1830period. They contain information
on men from all classes of Scottishsociety
, but with a preponderance of those from the agricultural and urbanlabouring classes. They include men who were deemed liable for service aswell as those who were actually enlisted, thus embracing a large sector of the adult male population. And they contain personal and background aswell as service information.
Consequently, these records are invaluable
sources for family historians, serving on the one hand tosupplement the parish registers, kirk session papers and othersources for the period and sometimes providing information on thecommon people, which is unobtainable elsewhere.
They areimportant too in giving insights into parish and county life and theattitudes of people from different classes of Scottish Society. Andlastly, they contribute to a wider view of the political and militaryevents of the times and how these affected the Scottish people.
 This booklet aims to demonstrate the importance of the records of Fencibles,Militias and Volunteers to those family and local historians who may wish touse them. The first part deals briefly with the historical background to theseauxiliary forces and with their recruitment and organisation, as a way of appreciating the kinds of records that were created. The second partdescribes the information that may be found and its uses by family and localhistorians, before going on to discuss the factors affecting the presentdiverse locations of records, with examples of records incorporated in thetext. There is then a substantial listing of the records and their locations,followed by references and an index. The emphasis throughout will be on thelate Eighteenth and early Nineteenth centuries, but it should be borne inmind that records of auxiliary forces exist from before and after that period. 
.One of the many consequences of the Union of 1707 and the loss of Scotland's parliamentary independence was the increasing involvement of Scots in the political, dynastic and colonial policies and conflicts of thedominant partner in that Union - England. The 18th.Century wascharacterised by wars of dynastic succession, continental and colonialconflicts between Great Britain and France and Spain, and the AmericanRevolutionary War. The final years of the century and the beginning of the19th.Century saw the conflicts with France and Spain at their height duringthe Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars.Despite Scotland’s involvement in two world wars it still comes as a surpriseto realize that Britain was almost continuously at war with France and her
allies for twenty two years between 1793 and 1815 - with the Regular Armystretched to its limits in home defence and foreign campaigns, French navalvessels and privateers off the Scottish coast, the threat of invasion of theUnited Kingdom and the fear of internal subversion from the spread of republican and radical ideas from France. And if these were not enough tocontend with, the unhappy Irish rebelled in 1798 and a small French invasionforce joined them. Ireland in fact continued to be a persisting source of armed insurrection and civil disorder long after the defeat of France and herallies in 1815, and a major drain on military resources. The Napoleonic Warscreated an unprecedented demand for military manpower. This was met inpart by a great expansion of regular forces, but the government also had todevise policies for raising large auxiliary forces for internal defence. Thesepolicies changed over time, shifting from dependence in the earlier years onvoluntary recruitment for Fencibles and Volunteers to selective conscriptionfor the Militia, and from government support for the formation of units byindividual landowners and local associations to the creation of a Scottish andLocal Militias. Consequently, a very large number of units of different kindswere created, all keeping records of one kind or another.Little can be gauged at first hand about the reactions of the ordinary peoplein their Highland settlements and Lowland farms or of the workers in themills and factories to the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars with France andSpain - for they had little or no voice in political affairs or in the newspapersof the time. Many no doubt were carried along by the patriotic fervour of thetimes, but others were sympathetic to revolutionary ideas from France.However, whether patriotic, disaffected or simply ignorant or indifferent topolitical events, there was no burning zeal for enforced military service, evenin home-based and part-time auxiliary forces, amongst most of the ordinarypeople.However, there is no doubt that a mixture of patriotism and self-interestseized the political establishment, the landowning interests and thecommercial and professional classes, which on the one hand, saw themreadily involved in raising and directing auxiliary forces and on the other,ensured that landowners encouraged their tenants and others to serve. It can

Activity (46)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Linda Beason Hax liked this
Arnold Morrison liked this
Arnold Morrison liked this
Arnold Morrison liked this
Arnold Morrison liked this
Arnold Morrison liked this
Arnold Morrison liked this
Arnold Morrison liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->