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Locul Sociologiei in Ansamblul Stiintelor Socioumane

Locul Sociologiei in Ansamblul Stiintelor Socioumane

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Published by: api-27236023 on Oct 15, 2008
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03/18/2014

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2. Locul sociologiei \u00een ansamblul\u015ftiin\u0163elor socioumane
2.1. Rela\u0163ia sociologiei cu alte\u015ftiin\u0163e

Primul lucru ce trebuie spus este acela c\u0103 sociologia, \u00een principiu, are deschise c\u0103ile de leg\u0103tur\u0103 cu toate\u015ftiin\u0163ele, fie ele ale naturii, fie sociale\u015fi umaniste. O schem\u0103 sugestiv\u0103 a acestei situa\u0163ii o ofer\u0103 S. Jonas (Apud A. Mihu, 1992, p.27).

Trebuie s\u0103 acord\u0103m o aten\u0163ie deosebit\u0103 leg\u0103turilor sociologiei cu
\u015ftiin\u0163ele sociale, dat fiind trunchiul comun din care s-au desprins. Fiecare
\u015ftiin\u0163\u0103 a socialului presupune studiul realit\u0103\u0163ii sociale, dar fiecare dintre ele
are drept obiect de studiu un alt segment al acestei realit\u0103\u0163i\u015fi utilizeaz\u0103
perspective explicative\u015fi interpretative cu accente specifice.
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ANTROPOLOGIE
ECONOMIE
GEOGRAFIE
ISTORIE
PSIHOLOGIE
LINGVISTIC\u0102
SOCIOLOGIE

1. Antropologie cultural\u0103
2. Psihanaliz\u0103
3. Semantic\u0103
4. Antropologie social\u0103
5. Psihologie social\u0103
6. Antropologie economic\u0103
7. Psihologie istoric\u0103
8. Economie social\u0103
9. Istorie social\u0103

10. Urbanism
11. Geografie economic\u0103
12. Demografie

Deosebirea esen\u0163ial\u0103 dintre sociologie\u015fi celelalte\u015ftiin\u0163e socio-umane const\u0103 \u00een aceea c\u0103 \u00een timp ce acestea din urm\u0103 se intereseaz\u0103 numai de un aspect particular al realit\u0103\u0163ii sociale, cum ar fi domeniul realit\u0103\u0163ii politice sau economice, preocup\u0103rile sociologilor sunt mult mai cuprinz\u0103toare. \u00cen aten\u0163ia lor se afl\u0103 realitatea social\u0103, indiferent dac\u0103 ea se manifest\u0103 \u00eentr-un grup, \u00eentr-o organiza\u0163ie politic\u0103 sau economic\u0103. Prin urmare, sociologii studiaz\u0103 realitatea social\u0103ca atare. Ei caut\u0103 s\u0103 cunoasc\u0103 asem\u0103n\u0103rile\u015fi deosebirile dintre un grup mic \u015fi unul mare, dintre o ac\u0163iune ra\u0163ional\u0103 \u015fi una nonra\u0163ional\u0103, dintre starea de ordine\u015fi cea de anomie etc. indiferent de domeniul particular al realit\u0103\u0163ii sociale.

2.2. Domenii ale sociologiei

\u00cen primul subcapitol am constatat faptul c\u0103 obiectul de studiu al sociologiei este foarte vast, de aceea este dificil\u0103 o abordare exhaustiv\u0103. Din acest motiv a ap\u0103rut necesitatea specializ\u0103rii analizei sociologice pe

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