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Midterm 2 Solved Problems

# Midterm 2 Solved Problems

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12/31/2012

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Solved Problems
Dear students,Second exam includePostulatesOperators (some simple commutator algebra and application of ladder operators
and .
Quantum numbers and degeneracyVarious one dimensional potentials (Harmonic oscillator problem, and the following potentials)
Various one dimensional potentialsStep Potential
(Dashed lines are reflected wave and full lines are transmitted wave)
1.

Consider a particle of mass m and energy interacting with the simple square barrier:WhereContinuity of the wave function at give:Solution of the equations for and :Reflection and transmission coefficients can be calculated as follows: is the probability current density.Then
1.0
0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0x
V
Step P otential

Reflection and transmission coefficientsWhere subscripts and stand for transmission, reflection and incident respectively.Since the current is a conserved quantity thenWe check thatFor the step potential given in the figure, for the potentials 1, 5 and 9, Hartree, graph of the transmission andreflection coefficients are plotted. Analyze the graphs.(Maximum reflection points, maximum transmissionpoints, critical points etc) (Dashed lines are reflected wave and full lines are transmitted wave),,
2.

Potential Barrier(Dashed Lines are transmitted)
Consider a particle of mass m and energy E>0 interacting with the simple potential barrier. Write downequations and analyze the given results.
0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.00.00.20.40.60.81.0Energy

T ,     R

V
, 1, L
,
0 2 4 6 8 100.00.20.40.60.81.0Energy

T ,     R

V
, 5, L
,
0 5 10 150.00.20.40.60.81.0Energy

T ,     R

V
, 9, L
,

Wave function of the particle is given byUsing continuity equations at x=0 and x=LIn order to obtain transmission and reflection coefficients you must eliminate C and D and you mustcalculate B and F. This calculation carried out by hand. From first equation we calculate C and D interms of B then substitute them into second equation. Please do this calculation. Your result will be:Reflection and transmission coefficientsThe barrier potential shown in the figure. For the potentials 1, 5 and 9 Hartree, and barrier width L=1 and 6bohr graph of the transmission and reflection coefficients are plotted. Analyze the graphs.(Maximum
reflection points, maximum transmission points, critical points, why are they oscillationg… etc)

1.0
0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0x
V
P otential Barrier
0 1 2 3 40.00.20.40.60.81.0Energy

T ,     R

V
, 1, L
, 1
0 5 10 15 200.00.20.40.60.81.0Energy

T ,     R

V
, 5, L
, 1