Problems on Postulates, square potentials, observables andcommutators
1st postulates of quantum mechanics state that “
Each physical system is described by a
state function which determines all can be known about the system.” What is the
fundamental behaviours of the wave function?2.
How can you determine wave function of a quantum particle?(2nd postulate)3.
What is the meaning of correspondence principle?4.
What is the expectation value and eigenvalue of an operator? When they are the same?5.
How can you determine location of a particle? What is the meaning of normalizationand orthogonality.6.
Is The following statements true or false
The statefunction is always eaual to a function of time multiplied by a function of thecoordinates
In both classical and quantum mechanics , knowledge of the present state of anisolated system allows its future states to be calculated
The statefunction is always an eigenfunction of the Hamiltonian
Any linear combination of eigenfunctions of the Hamiltonian is an eigenfunction of the Hamiltonian
If the statefunction of is not an eigenfunction of the operator A, then a measurement of the property A might give a value that is not one of the eigenvalues of A
The probability density is independent of time for a stationary state
If two operators do not commute, then they cannot posses any common eigenfunctions
If two operators commute, then every eigenfunction of one must be an eigenfunctionof the other
If the operator B corresponds to a physical property of a quantum mechanical system,the statefunction must be an eigenfunction of BAnswers: (a)F, (b) T. (c) F. (d) F. (e) F. (f) T. (g) F. (h) T (I) F7.
What is the result if the operator apply on the function8.
Show that the function is eigenfunction of
Determine the commutation relation of, whereand .10.
What is the result of and , where ?11.
What is the result of ?12.
Show that and is not Hermitian operators.13.
Prove that .Solution: Using definition of commutator we can write14.
Prove that .