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ThuGuiTruongHoc

ThuGuiTruongHoc

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Published by api-3751998

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Published by: api-3751998 on Oct 15, 2008
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05/09/2014

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J. Krishnamurti
M\u1ed9t ch\u00e2n dung

J.Krishnamurti, cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng l\u1eddi d\u1ea1y c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng tr\u1ea3i d\u00e0i trong ph\u1ea7n l\u1edbn th\u1ebf k\u1ef7 hai m\u01b0\u01a1i,
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nhi\u1ec1u ng\u01b0\u1eddi t\u00f4n vinh l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t con ng\u01b0\u1eddi c\u00f3 \u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng s\u00e2u s\u1eafc nh\u1ea5t v\u00e0o \u00fd th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a
nh\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i trong th\u1eddi \u0111\u1ea1i hi\u1ec7n nay. L\u00e0 m\u1ed9t hi\u1ec1n nh\u00e2n, tri\u1ebft gia v\u00e0 t\u01b0 t\u01b0\u1edfng gia, \u00f4ng soi s\u00e1ng
cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng c\u1ee7a h\u00e0ng tri\u1ec7u ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u1eafp th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi: nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi tr\u00ed th\u1ee9c v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi b\u00ecnh
th\u01b0\u1eddng, c\u1ea3 ng\u01b0\u1eddi gi\u00e0 l\u1eabn ng\u01b0\u1eddi tr\u1ebb. \u00d4ng t\u1ea1o ra \u00fd ngh\u0129a c\u0103n b\u1ea3n v\u00e0 m\u1edbi m\u1ebb cho t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o
b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch ch\u1ec9 r\u00f5 m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch s\u1ed1ng v\u01b0\u1ee3t kh\u1ecfi t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o c\u00f3 t\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c. \u00d4ng can \u0111\u1ea3m
\u0111\u1ed1i di\u1ec7n nh\u1eefng v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 c\u1ee7a x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i hi\u1ec7n nay v\u00e0 ph\u00e2n t\u00edch b\u1eb1ng s\u1ef1 r\u00f5 r\u00e0ng c\u00f3 khoa h\u1ecdc nh\u1eefng
ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a c\u00e1i tr\u00ed con ng\u01b0\u1eddi. Tuy\u00ean b\u1ed1 r\u1eb1ng s\u1ef1 quan t\u00e2m duy nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng l\u00e0 \u201cl\u00e0m cho
con ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ef1 do m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch tuy\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed1i v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n\u201d, \u00f4ng t\u00ecm ki\u1ebfm s\u1ef1 gi\u1ea3i tho\u00e1t
con ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u1ecfi t\u00ecnh tr\u1ea1ng b\u1ecb \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n s\u00e2u th\u1eb3m c\u1ee7a t\u00e1nh \u00edch k\u1ef7 v\u00e0 \u0111au kh\u1ed5.

Jiddu Krishnamurti (11-05-1895 \u2013 17-02-1986) sinh ra trong m\u1ed9t gia \u0111\u00ecnh giai c\u1ea5p trung l\u01b0u
ngoan \u0111\u1ea1o \u1edf th\u1ecb tr\u1ea5n v\u00f9ng qu\u00ea Mandanapalle thu\u1ed9c mi\u1ec1n nam \u1ea4n \u0111\u1ed9. \u00d4ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u201cph\u00e1t hi\u1ec7n\u201d trong th\u1eddi ni\u00ean thi\u1ebfu
b\u1edfi nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi l\u00e3nh \u0111\u1ea1o c\u1ee7a t\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c th\u1ea7n h\u1ecdc Theosophical Society, b\u00e0 Anne Besant v\u00e0 Gi\u00e1m m\u1ee5c
Leadbeater, nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi c\u00f4ng b\u1ed1 r\u1eb1ng \u00f4ng l\u00e0 \u201cTh\u1ea7y c\u1ee7a Th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi\u201d m\u00e0 nh\u1eefng nh\u00e0 th\u1ea7n h\u1ecdc \u0111ang mong \u0111\u1ee3i. Khi
c\u00f2n tr\u1ebb, Krishnamurti tr\u1ea3i qua nh\u1eefng tr\u1ea3i nghi\u1ec7m k\u1ef3 b\u00ed \u0111\u00e3 cho \u00f4ng m\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 thay \u0111\u1ed5i c\u0103n b\u1ea3n v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t t\u1ea7m nh\u00ecn m\u1edbi
m\u1ebb v\u1ec1 cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng. Sau \u0111\u00f3 \u00f4ng t\u00e1ch r\u1eddi t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o c\u00f3 t\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng h\u1ecdc thuy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ec3 b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u nhi\u1ec7m
v\u1ee5 c\u00f4 \u0111\u01a1n c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng, g\u1eb7p g\u1ee1 v\u00e0 n\u00f3i chuy\u1ec7n v\u1edbi m\u1ecdi ng\u01b0\u1eddi, kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i nh\u01b0 m\u1ed9t v\u1ecb gu-ru nh\u01b0ng nh\u01b0 m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi
b\u1ea1n.
T\u1eeb \u0111\u1ea7u nh\u1eefng n\u0103m 1920 \u0111\u1ebfn n\u0103m 1986, Krishnamurti \u0111i kh\u1eafp th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi cho \u0111\u1ebfn cu\u1ed1i \u0111\u1eddi l\u00fac 91 tu\u1ed5i, t\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c
nh\u1eefng bu\u1ed5i n\u00f3i chuy\u1ec7n, nh\u1eefng cu\u1ed9c th\u1ea3o lu\u1eadn, vi\u1ebft s\u00e1ch hay l\u00e0 ng\u1ed3i y\u00ean l\u1eb7ng c\u00f9ng nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u00e0n \u00f4ng v\u00e0 ph\u1ee5
n\u1eef \u0111ang t\u00ecm ki\u1ebfm s\u1ef1 hi\u1ec7n di\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea7y nh\u00e2n \u00e1i v\u00e0 an \u1ee7i c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng. Nh\u1eefng l\u1eddi d\u1ea1y c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng kh\u00f4ng d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o nh\u1eefng hi\u1ec3u
bi\u1ebft thu\u1ed9c s\u00e1ch v\u1edf v\u00e0 kinh \u0111i\u1ec3n nh\u01b0ng d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o s\u1ef1 th\u1ea5u tri\u1ec7t v\u1ec1 t\u00ecnh tr\u1ea1ng b\u1ecb \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n c\u1ee7a con ng\u01b0\u1eddi v\u00e0 quan
\u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng v\u1ec1 s\u1ef1 thi\u00eang li\u00eang. \u00d4ng kh\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 \u201ctri\u1ebft thuy\u1ebft\u201d n\u00e0o, tr\u00e1i l\u1ea1i n\u00f3i v\u1ec1 nh\u1eefng s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c li\u00ean
h\u1ec7 v\u1edbi t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 ch\u00fang ta trong cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y: nh\u1eefng v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 khi \u0111ang s\u1ed1ng trong x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea1i v\u1edbi s\u1ef1
ph\u00e2n ho\u00e1 v\u00e0 b\u1ea1o l\u1ef1c c\u1ee7a n\u00f3, s\u1ef1 t\u00ecm ki\u1ebfm c\u1ee7a c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n \u0111\u1ec3 c\u00f3 an to\u00e0n v\u00e0 h\u1ea1nh ph\u00fac, v\u00e0 s\u1ef1 \u0111\u00f2i h\u1ecfi c\u1ee7a con ng\u01b0\u1eddi
\u0111\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ef1 do kh\u1ecfi nh\u1eefng g\u00e1nh n\u1eb7ng t\u00e2m l\u00fd c\u1ee7a tham lam, b\u1ea1o l\u1ef1c, s\u1ee3 h\u00e3i v\u00e0 \u0111au kh\u1ed5.
M\u1eb7c d\u00f9 \u00f4ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00f4ng nh\u1eadn \u1edf c\u1ea3 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng \u0110\u00f4ng l\u1eabn ph\u01b0\u01a1ng T\u00e2y nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t trong nh\u1eefng b\u1eadc th\u1ea7y t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o v\u0129
\u0111\u1ea1i nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a m\u1ecdi th\u1eddi \u0111\u1ea1i, nh\u01b0ng ch\u00ednh Krishnamurti l\u1ea1i kh\u00f4ng l\u1ec7 thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o, gi\u00e1o ph\u00e1i, hay l\u00e0
qu\u1ed1c gia n\u00e0o. \u00d4ng c\u0169ng kh\u00f4ng t\u00e1n th\u00e0nh b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 tr\u01b0\u1eddng ph\u00e1i t\u01b0 t\u01b0\u1edfng thu\u1ed9c h\u1ecdc thuy\u1ebft hay ch\u00ednh tr\u1ecb n\u00e0o. Tr\u00e1i l\u1ea1i
\u00f4ng qu\u1ea3 quy\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng nh\u1eefng tr\u01b0\u1eddng ph\u00e1i n\u00e0y ch\u00ednh l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 ph\u00e2n chia con ng\u01b0\u1eddi v\u1edbi con ng\u01b0\u1eddi v\u00e0 t\u1ea1o ra
xung \u0111\u1ed9t l\u1eabn chi\u1ebfn tranh. \u00d4ng nh\u1ea5n m\u1ea1nh v\u00e0o th\u1eddi gian v\u00e0 l\u1eadp l\u1ea1i li\u00ean t\u1ee5c r\u1eb1ng ch\u00fang ta l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng con ng\u01b0\u1eddi cao
qu\u00fd v\u00e0 quan tr\u1ecdng nh\u1ea5t, r\u1eb1ng m\u1ed7i ng\u01b0\u1eddi trong ch\u00fang ta l\u00e0 ph\u1ea7n c\u00f2n l\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a nh\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng kh\u00e1c bi\u1ec7t g\u00ec c\u1ea3.
\u00d4ng v\u1ea1ch ra s\u1ef1 quan tr\u1ecdng \u0111\u1ec3 t\u1ea1o ra cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng thi\u1ec1n \u0111\u1ecbnh v\u00e0 t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o
s\u00e2u s\u1eafc. \u00d4ng n\u00f3i ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 thay \u0111\u1ed5i tri\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ec3 m\u1edbi c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u1ea1o ra m\u1ed9t c\u00e1i tr\u00ed m\u1edbi m\u1ebb, m\u1ed9t n\u1ec1n v\u0103n minh m\u1edbi m\u1ebb.

V\u1eabn v\u1eady l\u1eddi d\u1ea1y c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng v\u01b0\u1ee3t kh\u1ecfi t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng bi\u00ean gi\u1edbi do con ng\u01b0\u1eddi t\u1ea1o ra c\u1ee7a
nh\u1eefng ni\u1ec1m tin t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o, nh\u1eefng c\u1ea3m t\u00ecnh qu\u1ed1c gia v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng quan \u0111i\u1ec3m thu\u1ed9c gi\u00e1o
ph\u00e1i. C\u00f9ng l\u00fac, ch\u00fang cho m\u1ed9t \u00fd ngh\u0129a v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ph\u01b0\u01a1ng h\u01b0\u1edbng m\u1edbi \u0111\u1ebfn vi\u1ec7c t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u
c\u1ee7a con ng\u01b0\u1eddi hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea1i v\u1ec1 ch\u00e2n l\u00fd, v\u1ec1 thi\u00eang li\u00eang. Nh\u1eefng l\u1eddi d\u1ea1y c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng, kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9
li\u00ean quan \u0111\u1ebfn th\u1eddi \u0111\u1ea1i hi\u1ec7n nay, m\u00e0 c\u00f2n c\u00f3 t\u00ednh t\u1ed5ng th\u1ec3 v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng th\u1eddi gian.

Krishnamurti Foundation India
TH\u01af G\u1edeI TR\u01af\u1edcNG H\u1eccC - Quy\u1ec3n I
L\u1eddi gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u

Nh\u1eefng l\u00e1 th\u01b0 n\u00e0y kh\u00f4ng vi\u1ebft ra \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ecdc m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch c\u1ea9u th\u1ea3 khi c\u00e1c b\u1ea1n r\u00e3nh r\u1ed7i kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m nh\u1eefng
vi\u1ec7c kh\u00e1c, ch\u00fang c\u0169ng kh\u00f4ng n\u00ean \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ed1i x\u1eed nh\u01b0 m\u1ed9t gi\u1ea3i khu\u00e2y. Nh\u1eefng l\u00e1 th\u01b0 n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c vi\u1ebft nghi\u00eam
t\u00fac v\u00e0 n\u1ebfu b\u1ea1n l\u01b0u t\u00e2m \u0111\u1ecdc ch\u00fang, \u0111\u1ecdc ch\u00fang v\u1edbi d\u1ef1 t\u00ednh h\u1ecdc h\u1ecfi \u0111i\u1ec1u g\u00ec \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c vi\u1ebft ra nh\u01b0 b\u1ea1n ch\u00fa \u00fd
m\u1ed9t b\u00f4ng hoa b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch quan s\u00e1t b\u00f4ng hoa \u0111\u00f3 r\u1ea5t c\u1ea9n th\u1eadn, nh\u1ee5y c\u1ee7a n\u00f3, c\u00e0nh c\u1ee7a n\u00f3, m\u1ea7u s\u1eafc c\u1ee7a n\u00f3,
h\u01b0\u01a1ng th\u01a1m c\u1ee7a n\u00f3, v\u00e0 v\u1ebb \u0111\u1eb9p c\u1ee7a n\u00f3. Nh\u1eefng l\u00e1 th\u01b0 n\u00e0y n\u00ean \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nghi\u1ec1n ng\u1eabm trong c\u00f9ng m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch
nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ecdc v\u00e0o bu\u1ed5i s\u00e1ng v\u00e0 qu\u00ean n\u00f3 trong su\u1ed1t th\u1eddi gian c\u00f2n l\u1ea1i trong ng\u00e0y. Ng\u01b0\u1eddi
ta ph\u1ea3i d\u00e0nh th\u1eddi gian cho n\u00f3, ch\u01a1i \u0111\u00f9a v\u1edbi n\u00f3, nghi v\u1ea5n n\u00f3, t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u n\u00f3 m\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 s\u1ef1 ch\u1ea5p nh\u1eadn;
s\u1ed1ng v\u1edbi n\u00f3 trong m\u1ed9t kho\u1ea3ng th\u1eddi gian; l\u00e3nh h\u1ed9i n\u00f3 \u0111\u1ec3 cho n\u00f3 l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng l\u00e1 th\u01b0 c\u1ee7a b\u1ea1n v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0
nh\u1eefng l\u00e1 th\u01b0 c\u1ee7a t\u00e1c gi\u1ea3.
J.Krishnamurti

-1978-
Ng\u00e0y 01 th\u00e1ng ch\u00edn
Th\u01b0 g\u1edfi tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ecdc quy\u1ec3n I ng\u00e0y 01-09-1978

V\u00ec t\u00f4i mu\u1ed1n gi\u1eef li\u00ean h\u1ec7 v\u1edbi t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ecdc \u1edf \u1ea4n \u0111\u1ed9, Brockwood Park \u1edf
n\u01b0\u1edbc Anh, Oak Grove School \u1edf Ojai, California, t\u00f4i d\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ecbnh vi\u1ebft v\u00e0 g\u1edfi m\u1ed9t l\u00e1 th\u01b0
c\u00e1ch nhau m\u01b0\u1eddi l\u0103m ng\u00e0y cho t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng tr\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u00f3 trong th\u1eddi gian c\u00e0ng l\u00e2u
c\u00e0ng t\u1ed1t. T\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean r\u1ea5t kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n \u0111\u1ec3 li\u00ean h\u1ec7 v\u1edbi t\u1eebng c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n \u1edf tr\u01b0\u1eddng, v\u00ec v\u1eady, n\u1ebfu t\u00f4i
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e9p, t\u00f4i r\u1ea5t mu\u1ed1n vi\u1ebft nh\u1eefng l\u00e1 th\u01b0 n\u00e0y \u0111\u1ec3 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 chuy\u1ec3n t\u1ea3i \u0111i\u1ec1u g\u00ec nh\u1eefng
ng\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng n\u00ean l\u00e0, \u0111\u1ec3 chuy\u1ec3n t\u1ea3i cho t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi ch\u1ecbu tr\u00e1ch nhi\u1ec7m c\u1ee7a
nh\u1eefng ng\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u00f3, r\u1eb1ng nh\u1eefng ng\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng n\u00e0y kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 d\u1ea1y gi\u1ecfi v\u1ec1 v\u0103n ho\u00e1
m\u00e0 c\u00f2n nhi\u1ec1u h\u01a1n th\u1ebf n\u1eefa. Ch\u00fang s\u1ebd ph\u1ea3i quan t\u00e2m \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ef1 vun qu\u00e9n c\u00e1i con
ng\u01b0\u1eddi t\u1ed5ng th\u1ec3. Nh\u1eefng trung t\u00e2m gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c n\u00e0y ph\u1ea3i gi\u00fap \u0111\u1ee1 em h\u1ecdc sinh v\u00e0 ng\u01b0\u1eddi
gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c n\u1edf hoa m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean. Vi\u1ec7c n\u1edf hoa th\u1eadt s\u1ef1 r\u1ea5t quan tr\u1ecdng, n\u1ebfu kh\u00f4ng
gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c ch\u1ec9 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh m\u1ed9t quy tr\u00ecnh m\u00e1y m\u00f3c \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u01b0\u1edbng d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t ngh\u1ec1
nghi\u1ec7p, \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t ng\u00e0nh chuy\u00ean m\u00f4n n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3. Ngh\u1ec1 nghi\u1ec7p v\u00e0 ng\u00e0nh chuy\u00ean m\u00f4n,
nh\u01b0 x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i hi\u1ec7n nay t\u1ed3n t\u1ea1i, l\u00e0 \u0111i\u1ec1u kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 tr\u00e1nh kh\u1ecfi, nh\u01b0ng n\u1ebfu ch\u00fang ta qu\u00e1
nh\u1ea5n m\u1ea1nh v\u00e0o t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u00f3 v\u1eady th\u00ec s\u1ef1 t\u1ef1 do \u0111\u1ec3 n\u1edf hoa s\u1ebd d\u1ea7n d\u1ea7n h\u00e9o t\u00e0n \u0111i. T\u1eeb
tr\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u1ebfn nay ch\u00fang ta \u0111\u00e3 nh\u1ea5n m\u1ea1nh qu\u00e1 nhi\u1ec1u v\u00e0o nh\u1eefng k\u1ef3 thi v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ea1t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
nh\u1eefng b\u1eb1ng c\u1ea5p t\u1ed1t. \u0110\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 m\u1ee5c \u0111\u00edch ch\u00ednh cho nh\u1eefng ng\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng nh\u01b0

th\u1ebf n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u00e0nh l\u1eadp, m\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 ngh\u0129a r\u1eb1ng v\u1ec1 v\u0103n ho\u00e1 c\u00e1c em h\u1ecdc sinh s\u1ebd
k\u00e9m c\u1ecfi. Tr\u00e1i l\u1ea1i, v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 n\u1edf hoa c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi gi\u00e1o vi\u00ean c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 em h\u1ecdc sinh, ngh\u1ec1 nghi\u1ec7p v\u00e0 ng\u00e0nh chuy\u00ean
m\u00f4n s\u1ebd v\u00e0o \u0111\u00fang v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u1ee7a n\u00f3. X\u00e3 h\u1ed9i, n\u1ec1n v\u0103n ho\u00e1 m\u00e0 ch\u00fang ta s\u1ed1ng, khuy\u1ebfn kh\u00edch v\u00e0 \u0111\u00f2i h\u1ecfi r\u1eb1ng em h\u1ecdc sinh
ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u01b0\u1edbng d\u1eabn v\u1ec1 m\u1ed9t c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c v\u00e0 s\u1ef1 an to\u00e0n v\u1eadt ch\u1ea5t. \u0110i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y \u0111\u00e3 l\u00e0 \u00e1p l\u1ef1c li\u00ean t\u1ee5c c\u1ee7a t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng
x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i; ngh\u1ec1 nghi\u1ec7p tr\u01b0\u1edbc ti\u00ean v\u00e0 m\u1ecdi th\u1ee9 ch\u1ec9 l\u00e0 ph\u1ee5. \u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0, ti\u1ec1n b\u1ea1c \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean nh\u1ea5t v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng c\u00e1ch ph\u1ee9c
t\u1ea1p c\u1ee7a cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta l\u00e0 th\u1ee9 hai. Ch\u00fang ta \u0111ang c\u1ed1 g\u1eafng \u0111\u1ea3o ng\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1i quy tr\u00ecnh n\u00e0y b\u1edfi
v\u00ec con ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 n\u00e0o h\u1ea1nh ph\u00fac ch\u1ec9 v\u1edbi ti\u1ec1n b\u1ea1c m\u00e0 th\u00f4i. Khi ti\u1ec1n b\u1ea1c tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 th\u1ed1ng tr\u1ecb trong cu\u1ed9c
s\u1ed1ng, c\u00f3 s\u1ef1 m\u1ea5t th\u0103ng b\u1eb1ng trong ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng h\u1eb1ng ng\u00e0y c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta. V\u00ec v\u1eady, n\u1ebfu t\u00f4i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e9p, t\u00f4i mu\u1ed1n t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3
nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5 vi\u1ec7c n\u00e0y r\u1ea5t nghi\u00eam t\u00fac v\u00e0 nh\u00ecn th\u1ea5y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c tr\u1ecdn v\u1eb9n \u00fd ngh\u0129a c\u1ee7a n\u00f3. N\u1ebfu ng\u01b0\u1eddi
gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ef1 quan tr\u1ecdng c\u1ee7a vi\u1ec7c n\u00e0y, v\u00e0 trong cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a anh ta n\u00f3 \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0o m\u1ed9t
n\u01a1i \u0111\u00fang \u0111\u1eafn, v\u1eady th\u00ec anh ta c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 gi\u00fap \u0111\u1ee1 em h\u1ecdc sinh b\u1ecb th\u00fac \u00e9p b\u1edfi ph\u1ee5 huynh c\u1ee7a em v\u00e0 x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i c\u1ee7a em \u0111\u1ec3
bi\u1ebfn ngh\u1ec1 nghi\u1ec7p th\u00e0nh m\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c quan tr\u1ecdng nh\u1ea5t. V\u00ec v\u1eady t\u00f4i mu\u1ed1n trong l\u00e1 th\u01b0 \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean nh\u1ea5n m\u1ea1nh v\u00e0o \u0111i\u1ec3m
n\u00e0y v\u00e0 lu\u00f4n lu\u00f4n duy tr\u00ec trong nh\u1eefng ng\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng n\u00e0y m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch s\u1ed1ng vun qu\u00e9n con ng\u01b0\u1eddi t\u1ed5ng th\u1ec3.
V\u00ec h\u1ea7u h\u1ebft m\u1ee5c \u0111\u00edch c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c ch\u00fang ta l\u00e0 th\u00e2u \u0111\u1ea1t hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft, n\u00f3 \u0111ang l\u00e0m cho ch\u00fang ta m\u1ed7i l\u00fac m\u1ed9t m\u00e1y
m\u00f3c th\u00eam; nh\u1eefng c\u00e1i tr\u00ed c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta \u0111ang v\u1eadn h\u00e0nh theo nh\u1eefng khe r\u00e3nh ch\u1eadt h\u1eb9p, d\u00f9 r\u1eb1ng n\u00f3 l\u00e0 hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft
thu\u1ed9c khoa h\u1ecdc, tri\u1ebft l\u00fd, t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o, kinh doanh hay l\u00e0 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 m\u00e0 ch\u00fang ta \u0111ang thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c. Nh\u1eefng c\u00e1ch s\u1ed1ng
c\u1ee7a cu\u1ed9c \u0111\u1eddi ch\u00fang ta, c\u1ea3 \u1edf trong nh\u00e0 l\u1eabn b\u00ean ngo\u00e0i, v\u00e0 s\u1ef1 chuy\u00ean bi\u1ec7t c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta trong m\u1ed9t ngh\u1ec1 nghi\u1ec7p \u0111\u1eb7c
bi\u1ec7t n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3 \u0111ang l\u00e0m cho nh\u1eefng c\u00e1i tr\u00ed c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta m\u1ed7i l\u00fac m\u1ed9t ch\u1eadt h\u1eb9p, b\u1ecb gi\u1edbi h\u1ea1n v\u00e0 m\u1ea5t \u0111i t\u00e1nh t\u1ed5ng th\u1ec3.
T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 vi\u1ec7c n\u00e0y d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch s\u1ed1ng m\u00e1y m\u00f3c, m\u1ed9t ti\u00eau chu\u1ea9n ho\u00e1 v\u1ec1 tinh th\u1ea7n, v\u00e0 v\u00ec v\u1eady d\u1ea7n d\u1ea7n nh\u1eefng th\u1ec3
ch\u1ebf, ngay c\u1ea3 m\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 ch\u1ebf d\u00e2n ch\u1ee7, ra l\u1ec7nh cho ch\u00fang ta n\u00ean tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh \u0111i\u1ec1u g\u00ec. H\u1ea7u h\u1ebft m\u1ecdi con ng\u01b0\u1eddi c\u00f3 suy
ngh\u0129 t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean \u00fd th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c vi\u1ec7c n\u00e0y nh\u01b0ng r\u1ee7i thay h\u1ecd d\u01b0\u1eddng nh\u01b0 ch\u1ea5p nh\u1eadn n\u00f3 v\u00e0 s\u1ed1ng c\u00f9ng n\u00f3.V\u00ec v\u1eady vi\u1ec7c
n\u00e0y \u0111\u00e3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh m\u1ed9t hi\u1ec3m ho\u1ea1 \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 t\u1ef1 do.
T\u1ef1 do l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 r\u1ea5t ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p v\u00e0 mu\u1ed1n hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5 s\u1ef1 ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p c\u1ee7a n\u00f3, s\u1ef1 n\u1edf hoa c\u1ee7a c\u00e1i tr\u00ed l\u00e0 r\u1ea5t c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft. M\u1ed7i
m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi s\u1ebd t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean \u0111\u01b0a ra m\u1ed9t \u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a kh\u00e1c bi\u1ec7t v\u1ec1 s\u1ef1 n\u1edf hoa c\u1ee7a con ng\u01b0\u1eddi tu\u1ef3 theo v\u0103n ho\u00e1 c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi
\u1ea5y, tu\u1ef3 theo c\u00e1i g\u00ec t\u1ea1m g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 n\u1ec1n gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c, nh\u1eefng tr\u1ea3i nghi\u1ec7m, nh\u1eefng m\u00ea t\u00edn v\u1ec1 t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u1ea5y \u2013 \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0, l\u1ec7
thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o t\u00ecnh tr\u1ea1ng b\u1ecb \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u1ea5y. \u1ede \u0111\u00e2y ch\u00fang ta kh\u00f4ng \u0111ang gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft nh\u1eefng \u00fd ki\u1ebfn hay nh\u1eefng
th\u00e0nh ki\u1ebfn, nh\u01b0ng tr\u00e1i l\u1ea1i b\u1eb1ng s\u1ef1 hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5, kh\u00f4ng qua t\u1eeb ng\u1eef, nh\u1eefng h\u00e0m \u00fd v\u00e0 k\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 c\u1ee7a s\u1ef1 n\u1edf hoa c\u00e1i tr\u00ed. N\u1edf
hoa n\u00e0y l\u00e0 s\u1ef1 b\u1ed9c l\u1ed9 v\u00e0 vun qu\u00e9n t\u1ed5ng th\u1ec3 nh\u1eefng c\u00e1i tr\u00ed c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta, nh\u1eefng t\u00e2m h\u1ed3n c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta v\u00e0 s\u1ef1 l\u00e0nh
m\u1ea1nh th\u00e2n th\u1ec3 c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta. \u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0, s\u1ed1ng trong ho\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u00e0 trong \u0111\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 s\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ed1i ngh\u1ecbch hay m\u00e2u
thu\u1eabn gi\u1eefa ch\u00fang. N\u1edf hoa c\u1ee7a c\u00e1i tr\u00ed ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 x\u1ea3y ra khi c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t tr\u1ef1c nh\u1eadn r\u00f5 r\u00e0ng, kh\u00e1ch quan, kh\u00f4ng ri\u00eang t\u01b0,
kh\u00f4ng b\u1ecb tr\u00f3i bu\u1ed9c b\u1edfi b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 lo\u1ea1i \u00e1p \u0111\u1eb7t n\u00e0o v\u00e0o n\u00f3. \u0110\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0 suy ngh\u0129 c\u00e1i g\u00ec nh\u01b0ng suy ngh\u0129 nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o.
Trong nhi\u1ec1u th\u1ebf k\u1ef7 qua c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c truy\u1ec1n b\u00e1 v\u00e0 v\u00e2n v\u00e2n, ch\u00fang ta \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c khuy\u1ebfn kh\u00edch \u0111\u1ec3 suy ngh\u0129 c\u00e1i g\u00ec. H\u1ea7u
h\u1ebft nh\u1eefng n\u1ec1n gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea1i l\u00e0 vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u00f3 v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 vi\u1ec7c t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a t\u01b0 t\u01b0\u1edfng.
N\u1edf hoa \u00e1m ch\u1ec9 t\u1ef1 do; gi\u1ed1ng nh\u01b0 b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 c\u00e1i c\u00e2y n\u00e0o n\u00f3 c\u1ea7n t\u1ef1 do \u0111\u1ec3 t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng.
Ch\u00fang ta s\u1ebd gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 n\u00e0y trong m\u1ed7i l\u00e1 th\u01b0 b\u1eb1ng nh\u1eefng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng c\u00e1ch kh\u00e1c nhau trong su\u1ed1t nh\u1eefng n\u0103m
s\u1eafp t\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y: v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 \u0111\u00e1nh th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a t\u00e2m h\u1ed3n, m\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 c\u1ea3m t\u00ednh, l\u00e3ng m\u1ea1n hay l\u00e0 t\u01b0\u1edfng t\u01b0\u1ee3ng, nh\u01b0ng
c\u1ee7a t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c sinh ra t\u1eeb l\u00f2ng tr\u00ecu m\u1ebfn v\u00e0 t\u00ecnh y\u00eau; v\u00e0 v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 \u0111i\u1ec1u ho\u00e0 c\u1ee7a th\u00e2n th\u1ec3, lo\u1ea1i th\u1ee9c \u0103n \u0111\u00fang, v\u1eadn
\u0111\u1ed9ng ph\u00f9 h\u1ee3p m\u00e0 s\u1ebd t\u1ea1o ra t\u00ednh nh\u1ea1y c\u1ea3m s\u00e2u s\u1eafc. Khi ba s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c n\u00e0y ho\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n \u2013 \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0, c\u00e1i tr\u00ed, t\u00e2m
h\u1ed3n v\u00e0 th\u00e2n th\u1ec3, v\u1eady th\u00ec n\u1edf hoa \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean, m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch d\u1ec5 d\u00e0ng v\u00e0 trong ho\u00e0n h\u1ea3o. \u0110\u00e2y l\u00e0 c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c
c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta nh\u01b0 nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c, tr\u00e1ch nhi\u1ec7m c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta, v\u00e0 d\u1ea1y h\u1ecdc l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ngh\u1ec1 nghi\u1ec7p cao qu\u00fd
nh\u1ea5t trong cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng.

Ng\u00e0y 15 th\u00e1ng ch\u00edn
Th\u01b0 g\u1edfi tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ecdc - Quy\u1ec3n I - Ng\u00e0y 15-9-1978

T\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 n\u1edf hoa trong t\u1ef1 do. N\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 n\u1edf hoa trong m\u1ea3nh \u0111\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a thuy\u1ebft ph\u1ee5c d\u01b0\u1edbi b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 h\u00ecnh
th\u1ee9c n\u00e0o, c\u0169ng kh\u00f4ng d\u01b0\u1edbi b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 c\u01b0\u1ee1ng b\u00e1ch n\u00e0o, v\u00e0 c\u0169ng kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 k\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 c\u1ee7a ph\u1ea7n th\u01b0\u1edfng. N\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng
t\u1ef1 b\u1ed9c l\u1ed9 khi c\u00f3 b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 lo\u1ea1i b\u1eaft ch\u01b0\u1edbc hay l\u00e0 tu\u00e2n theo n\u00e0o, v\u00e0 t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean n\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 t\u1ed3n t\u1ea1i khi c\u00f3 s\u1ee3 h\u00e3i. T\u1ed1t
l\u00e0nh t\u1ef1 th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n trong c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o nh\u1ea1y c\u1ea3m. T\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u1ec3u l\u1ed9 trong
h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng. To\u00e0n b\u1ed9 chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a t\u01b0 t\u01b0\u1edfng kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0 t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh. T\u01b0 t\u01b0\u1edfng, m\u00e0 r\u1ea5t ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p, ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5,
nh\u01b0ng ch\u00ednh s\u1ef1 hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft r\u00f5 r\u00e0ng v\u1ec1 n\u00f3 \u0111\u00e1nh th\u1ee9c t\u01b0 t\u01b0\u1edfng v\u00e0o gi\u1edbi h\u1ea1n ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a n\u00f3.
T\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed1i ngh\u1ecbch. H\u1ea7u h\u1ebft m\u1ecdi ng\u01b0\u1eddi trong ch\u00fang ta xem t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1i ngh\u1ecbch v\u1edbi x\u1ea5u xa hay l\u00e0
\u0111\u1ed3i b\u1ea1i v\u00e0 v\u00ec v\u1eady su\u1ed1t l\u1ecbch s\u1eed trong b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 n\u1ec1n v\u0103n ho\u00e1 n\u00e0o t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c coi nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 b\u1ed9 m\u1eb7t ng\u01b0\u1ee3c l\u1ea1i hung
b\u1ea1o. V\u00ec v\u1eady con ng\u01b0\u1eddi lu\u00f4n lu\u00f4n \u0111\u1ea5u tranh ch\u1ed1ng l\u1ea1i x\u1ea5u xa v\u1edbi m\u1ee5c \u0111\u00edch \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh; nh\u01b0ng t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh kh\u00f4ng
bao gi\u1edd c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n h\u1eefu n\u1ebfu c\u00f3 b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 h\u00ecnh th\u1ee9c b\u1ea1o l\u1ef1c hay \u0111\u1ea5u tranh n\u00e0o.
T\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh t\u1ef1 th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n trong c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed, h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u00e0 trong li\u00ean h\u1ec7. Th\u00f4ng th\u01b0\u1eddng c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y c\u1ee7a
ch\u00fang ta \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o ho\u1eb7c l\u00e0 tu\u00e2n theo nh\u1eefng khu\u00f4n m\u1eabu n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3 \u2013 c\u00f3 t\u00e1nh m\u00e1y m\u00f3c v\u00e0 v\u00ec v\u1eady gi\u1ea3 t\u1ea1o \u2013
ho\u1eb7c l\u00e0 tu\u1ef3 theo \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u01a1 n\u00e0o \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c suy ngh\u0129 r\u1ea5t c\u1ea9n th\u1eadn, \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o ph\u1ea7n th\u01b0\u1edfng hay l\u00e0 tr\u1eebng ph\u1ea1t. V\u00ec
v\u1eady c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta, c\u00f3 \u00fd th\u1ee9c hay l\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng \u00fd th\u1ee9c, \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00ednh to\u00e1n. \u0110\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 c\u00e1ch c\u01b0
x\u1eed \u0111\u00fang \u0111\u1eafn. Khi ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta nh\u1eadn ra vi\u1ec7c n\u00e0y, kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 b\u1eb1ng tr\u00ed n\u0103ng hay b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch x\u1ebfp \u0111\u1eb7t nh\u1eefng t\u1eeb ng\u1eef v\u00e0o
chung, r\u1ed3i th\u00ec t\u1eeb s\u1ef1 ph\u1ee7 nh\u1eadn ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n n\u00e0y c\u00f3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed \u0111\u00fang \u0111\u1eafn.
C\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed \u0111\u00fang \u0111\u1eafn trong b\u1ea3n th\u1ec3 c\u1ee7a n\u00f3 l\u00e0 s\u1ef1 v\u1eafng m\u1eb7t c\u1ee7a c\u00e1i t\u00f4i, c\u00e1i t\u00f4i l\u1ec7 thu\u1ed9c. N\u00f3 t\u1ef1 th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n trong l\u1ec5
ph\u00e9p, trong \u0111\u1ec3 \u00fd \u00e2n c\u1ea7n nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u00e1c, nh\u01b0\u1eddng nh\u1ecbn m\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng m\u1ea5t \u0111i t\u00e1nh ho\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3ng. V\u00ec v\u1eady c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed tr\u1edf
n\u00ean quan tr\u1ecdng c\u1ef1c k\u1ef3. N\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 t\u1ea7m th\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u1ec3 l\u01b0\u1edbt qua hay l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u00f9a gi\u1ee1n c\u1ee7a c\u00e1i
tr\u00ed tinh ranh. N\u00f3 \u0111\u1ebfn t\u1eeb chi\u1ec1u s\u00e2u th\u00e2n t\u00e2m c\u1ee7a b\u1ea1n v\u00e0 n\u00f3 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ph\u1ea7n trong s\u1ef1 hi\u1ec7n h\u1eefu h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y c\u1ee7a b\u1ea1n.
T\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh t\u1ef1 th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n trong h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng. Ch\u00fang ta ph\u1ea3i ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t gi\u1eefa h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch c\u01b0 x\u1eed. C\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u1ea3 hai \u0111\u1ec1u
c\u00f9ng l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c nh\u01b0ng \u0111\u1ec3 cho r\u00f5 r\u00e0ng ch\u00fang ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00e1ch r\u1eddi ra v\u00e0 t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u. H\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111\u00fang c\u00e1ch l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t
trong nh\u1eefng s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n nh\u1ea5t ph\u1ea3i th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n. N\u00f3 r\u1ea5t ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p v\u00e0 ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u r\u1ea5t c\u1ea9n th\u1eadn, \u0111\u1ea7y ki\u00ean
nh\u1eabn v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng b\u00e1m v\u00e0o b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn v\u1ed9i v\u00e3 n\u00e0o.
Trong cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng li\u00ean t\u1ee5c t\u1eeb qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9, th\u1ec9nh tho\u1ea3ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
ph\u00e1 v\u1ee1 b\u1edfi m\u1ed9t b\u1ed9 m\u1edbi m\u1ebb c\u1ee7a nh\u1eefng k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn; nh\u1eefng k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn n\u00e0y sau \u0111\u00f3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9 v\u00e0 ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta h\u00e0nh
\u0111\u1ed9ng theo n\u00f3. Ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng theo nh\u1eefng l\u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng hay nh\u1eefng \u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u1eadn th\u1ee9c tr\u01b0\u1edbc, v\u00ec v\u1eady
ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta \u0111ang lu\u00f4n lu\u00f4n h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng ho\u1eb7c l\u00e0 t\u1eeb hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00edch lu\u1ef9, m\u00e0 l\u00e0 qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9, ho\u1eb7c l\u00e0 t\u1eeb m\u1ed9t t\u01b0\u01a1ng lai
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c l\u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng ho\u00e1, m\u1ed9t \u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng hoang t\u01b0\u1edfng n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3.
Ch\u00fang ta ch\u1ea5p nh\u1eadn nh\u1eefng h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng n\u00e0y nh\u01b0 b\u00ecnh th\u01b0\u1eddng. Ph\u1ea3i v\u1eady kh\u00f4ng? Ch\u00fang ta t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u n\u00f3 sau khi n\u00f3
\u0111\u00e3 x\u1ea3y ra hay l\u00e0 tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u00f3, nh\u01b0ng s\u1ef1 t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u n\u00e0y l\u1ea1i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o nh\u1eefng k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn c\u00f3 tr\u01b0\u1edbc hay l\u00e0
nh\u1eefng ph\u1ea7n th\u01b0\u1edfng ho\u1eb7c tr\u1eebng ph\u1ea1t trong t\u01b0\u01a1ng lai. N\u1ebfu t\u00f4i l\u00e0m \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c vi\u1ec7c n\u00e0y \u2013 t\u00f4i s\u1ebd \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c vi\u1ec7c kia, v\u00e0 v\u00e2n
v\u00e2n. V\u00ec v\u1eady b\u00e2y gi\u1edd ch\u00fang ta \u0111ang t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 c\u00e1i \u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u1ea5p nh\u1eadn c\u1ee7a h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng.
H\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng x\u1ea3y ra sau khi \u0111\u00e3 t\u00edch lu\u1ef9 hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft hay tr\u1ea3i nghi\u1ec7m; hay l\u00e0 ch\u00fang ta h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u00e0 h\u1ecdc h\u1ecfi t\u1eeb h\u00e0nh
\u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111\u00f3, d\u1ec5 ch\u1ecbu hay l\u00e0 kh\u00f3 ch\u1ecbu, v\u00e0 c\u00e1i vi\u1ec7c h\u1ecdc h\u1ecfi n\u00e0y l\u1ea1i n\u1eefa tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh s\u1ef1 t\u00edch lu\u1ef9 c\u1ee7a hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft. V\u00ec v\u1eady c\u1ea3 hai
h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng n\u00e0y \u0111\u1ec1u d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft; ch\u00fang kh\u00f4ng kh\u00e1c bi\u1ec7t g\u00ec c\u1ea3. Hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft lu\u00f4n lu\u00f4n l\u00e0 qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9 v\u00e0 th\u1ebf l\u00e0
nh\u1eefng h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta lu\u00f4n lu\u00f4n l\u00e0 m\u00e1y m\u00f3c.
Li\u1ec7u c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng m\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng thu\u1ed9c m\u00e1y m\u00f3c, kh\u00f4ng l\u1eb7p l\u1ea1i, kh\u00f4ng theo th\u00f3i quen v\u00e0 v\u00ec v\u1eady kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 h\u1ed1i
ti\u1ebfc hay kh\u00f4ng? Hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5 \u0111i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y r\u1ea5t quan tr\u1ecdng cho ch\u00fang ta v\u00ec n\u01a1i n\u00e0o c\u00f3 t\u1ef1 do v\u00e0 n\u1edf hoa c\u1ee7a t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh, h\u00e0nh
\u0111\u1ed9ng kh\u00f4ng bao gi\u1edd c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0 m\u00e1y m\u00f3c \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c. Vi\u1ebft l\u00e0 m\u00e1y m\u00f3c, h\u1ecdc m\u1ed9t ngo\u1ea1i ng\u1eef, l\u00e1i m\u1ed9t chi\u1ebfc xe h\u01a1i l\u00e0 m\u00e1y
m\u00f3c; thu \u0111\u1ea1t b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 lo\u1ea1i hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt v\u00e0 h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng tu\u1ef3 theo lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 m\u00e1y m\u00f3c. L\u1ea1i n\u1eefa trong ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng
m\u00e1y m\u00f3c n\u00e0y c\u00f3 l\u1ebd c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t kho\u1ea3ng ng\u1eebng v\u00e0 trong kho\u1ea3ng ng\u1eebng \u0111\u00f3 m\u1ed9t k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn m\u1edbi \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh m\u00e0 l\u1ea1i
n\u1eefa tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh m\u00e1y m\u00f3c. Ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta ph\u1ea3i ki\u00ean \u0111\u1ecbnh ghi nh\u1edb r\u1eb1ng t\u1ef1 do l\u00e0 c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft cho v\u1ebb \u0111\u1eb9p c\u1ee7a t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh. C\u00f3 m\u1ed9t
h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng kh\u00f4ng m\u00e1y m\u00f3c nh\u01b0ng b\u1ea1n ph\u1ea3i kh\u00e1m ph\u00e1 n\u00f3. B\u1ea1n kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u1ec9 b\u1ea3o v\u1ec1 n\u00f3, b\u1ea1n kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c gi\u1ea3ng gi\u1ea3i v\u1ec1 n\u00f3, b\u1ea1n kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 h\u1ecdc h\u1ecfi t\u1eeb nh\u1eefng v\u00ed d\u1ee5, b\u1edfi v\u00ec l\u00fac \u0111\u00f3 n\u00f3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh b\u1eaft ch\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 tu\u00e2n ph\u1ee5c
m\u1ed9t khu\u00f4n m\u1eabu. V\u1eady th\u00ec b\u1ea1n \u0111\u00e3 m\u1ea5t t\u1ef1 do ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng c\u00f2n t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh n\u1eefa.
T\u00f4i ngh\u0129 r\u1eb1ng \u0111i\u1ec1u \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u1ee7 trong l\u00e1 th\u01b0 n\u00e0y, nh\u01b0ng ch\u00fang ta s\u1ebd ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c trong l\u00e1 th\u01b0 k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 n\u1edf hoa c\u1ee7a
t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh trong li\u00ean h\u1ec7.

Ng\u00e0y 01 th\u00e1ng m\u01b0\u1eddi
Th\u01b0 g\u1edfi tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ecdc - Quy\u1ec3n I - Ng\u00e0y 01-10-1978

Ch\u00fang ta ph\u1ea3i ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c, n\u1ebfu ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e9p, v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 n\u1edf hoa c\u1ee7a t\u1ed1t l\u00e0nh trong t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng li\u00ean h\u1ec7 c\u1ee7a
ch\u00fang ta, d\u00f9 r\u1eb1ng n\u00f3 th\u00e2n m\u1eadt hay l\u00e0 gi\u1ea3 t\u1ea1o nh\u1ea5t, hay l\u00e0 trong nh\u1eefng v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y th\u00f4ng th\u01b0\u1eddng. S\u1ef1 li\u00ean
h\u1ec7 v\u1edbi m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u00e1c l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t trong nh\u1eefng \u0111i\u1ec1u quan tr\u1ecdng nh\u1ea5t trong cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng. H\u1ea7u h\u1ebft ch\u00fang ta kh\u00f4ng
nghi\u00eam t\u00fac trong nh\u1eefng li\u00ean h\u1ec7 c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang ta, b\u1edfi v\u00ec ch\u00fang ta quan t\u00e2m \u0111\u1ebfn ch\u00ednh m\u00ecnh tr\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 ch\u1ec9 quan t\u00e2m

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