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EN_Tut1sem1

EN_Tut1sem1

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Published by: api-3752007 on Oct 15, 2008
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05/09/2014

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LIMBA ENGLEZA
I. D. D.
TUTORAT 1
SEMESTRUL 1
THE LANGUAGE
OF
MASS COMUMUNICATION
Lector drd. Ramona Mih\u00e5il\u00e5
Glossary of terms used in Journalism
ABC = Audit Bureau of Circulation \u2013 a body that authenticates the circulation of
newspapers and periodicals, source of circulation figures
access provider = a company that sells Internet connections (also known as an
Internet
Access Provider or Internet Service Provider)

ad = abbreviation for advertisement
add = any matter added to a news story at the end. See\u201cInsert\u201d.
advance = in press association parlance, a story transmitted some

time prior to its intended use. For instance, a story transmitted to newspapers on
Monday or Tuesday, but intended for use on the following Sunday. Also,
frequently, any story written ahead for later use. Also a story written before an
event.

advertorial = advertisement presented as editorial
agony aunt = women who offer advice to people who write in to newspapers with
personal / emotional problems. Agony uncle is the male equivalent.
alignment = the correct leveling of the characters in a line of text, or of text and
pictures
alternative press = loose term incorporating wide variety of non-mainstream
newspapers. It can include left press (Tribune, Socialist Worker), religious press
(Catholic Herald, Church Times), ethnic press (Asian Times, The Voice),
municipal
press, trade unions publications
ambush interview = when an interviewee is surprised by suddenly different line of
questioning or by the sudden appearance of journalist (or group of journalists). It
is theatrical on television. It is done when reporters are convinced they are
talking
to a hypocrite person who does not want to reveal some facts.
angle = main point stressed in story usually in intro. US: peg
AP = Associated Press news agency
apology = a newspaper may admit to error and publish correction in apology.
Complaint
can still claim libel in court and publication of apology provides no defense for
newspaper. But if newspaper loses case, fact that it took prompt and adequate

steps
to correct error and to express regret provides plea in mitigation of damages
tending to reduce the size of damage awarded

art (artwork) = illustrations accompanying copy. (photographs, line drawings or
graphics) See \u201cGraphics\u201d.
ascender = the part of a lower case letter rising above its body; the upper limb of a
\u201cb\u201d
or a \u201cd\u201d
assignment = any duty given to a reporter, usually a story to cover or write.
asterisk = * occasionally used in text to link footnote or to indicate letters of words
considered obscene
as to press = proofs showing final positioning of color material
attachment / internship (US) = time spent by student journalists training (or
occasionally just observing) at media organization
-1 -
attribution = the source of a news story or of a fact within a story. To attribute is to
indicate the source of a story or fact and thus give the information authenticity.
author\u2019s corrections = alterations made by the editorial department on proofs, other
than those necessitated by printers\u2019 errors
back bench (the) = senior newspaper journalists who make key production decision
background = anything added to or inserted in a news story to explain earlier actions
or
events; facts intended to refresh the reader\u2019s memory about earlier actions or
events.
It varies in length and positioning though most new stories will contain only

small
amount of background detail while length of features often allows them to carry
longer back sections

backgrounder = explanatory feature to accompany news story.
back issue = previous issue of paper
back margin = the margin of a page nearest to the spine
back numbers = previous issues of a publication
back of the book = pages after the center spread of a periodical

back-up copy = duplicate of a computer disc, made in case of accidental damage to
the
original

bad break = unattractive breaking of a word between two lines
banner (headline) = one in large type across front page
baron = newspaper proprietor. Other words:m ogul,m agnate,boss
bastard measure = a non-standard width of text
beat = a particular area of news assigned to a reporter, for example, the culture beat or

the courthouse beat .

bill / billboard = poster promoting newspaper, usually highlighting main news story
binder = a folder designed to hold collected issues of a magazine or part-work
bleed = (of an page) go beyond the type area to the edge of the page

blind lead = a lead in which a person is identified but not named until the second or
third
paragraph.
blob par = paragraph introduced by blob/ bullet point
block = a zinc or copper plate on which is etched or engraved a line or halftone
illustration

blow-up = an enlargement of part or all of a picture
blurb = another name for standfirst or similar displayed copy
body = the main part of a news story. Sometimes called the development

boil down = implies close paring of all sentences and the sacrifice of minor facts.
Lengthof the story is substantially reduced.

bold = thick black type use for emphasis
box = copy with rules around all four sides
breaking news = unexpected, unplanned occurrences, for example, a plane crash. A

story that must be covered quickly and without any advance preparation.
brief = a short item of news often of just one par, but occasionally up to four or five
pars.
Other names: snip / nib / bright / filler
= short advice given to journalist before they cover a story

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