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EN_Tut3sem1

EN_Tut3sem1

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Published by api-3752007

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Published by: api-3752007 on Oct 15, 2008
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05/09/2014

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I.D.D.
LIMBA ENGLEZ\u0102
TUTORAT 3
SEMESTRUL I
AB BR EVIATI O N S
CAPITALIZATION
NUMBERS
SPELLING
LECTOR DRD. RAMONA MIH\u0102IL\u0102
1
AB BR EVIATI O N S
-
The names of organizations, firms, agencies, universities, colleges, groups, clubs or
governmental bodies may be abbreviated in second or subsequent references if the
abbreviation is standard and will be easily understood by readers.
NOW = National Organization for Women
-
an abbreviation or acronym is not used in parentheses after a full name.
-
names must not be reduced to unfamiliar initials or acronyms to save a few words.
-
initials or acronyms must not be created.
-
A short form of anam e should be used in second subsequent references rather than
an unfamiliar abbreviation or acronym. For example the first reference might be:
International Court of Justice, University of Pennsylvania
- Second and subsequent references would be:
the world court,Penns yl vani a
-
in street addresses, abbreviate these:
street
St.
avenue
Ave
boulevard
Blvd.
-
The following words must not be abbreviated:
alley,
drive,
plaza,
circle,
road,
terrace,
place,
lane
-The points of the compass in street addresses are abbreviated: 274 S. 38th St.
-
However, in general references where no street number is used, it should be spelled
out the compass point:
onSouth 38th Street
-points of the compass used to indicate direction must not be abbreviated :
They livednorth of the city.
- 1-
-
the months of March, April, May, June andJuly.
-Other months are abbreviated only when they are used with a date:
2
Sept. 14but beautiful September day
Oct.19, 1993but in October 1993
-
Names of countries are usually not abbreviated, although there are some exceptions.
United States is abbreviated when it modifies a noun:
Romanian President Visits the United States This Week
He served in theU.S. Army.
- the days of the week, given names, points of the compass in city names, parts of
city names or city names must not be abbreviated:

Monday or Tuesday, never Mon. or Tues.
East St. Louis, never E. St. Louis
Los Angels, never L.A.

-
The following words must not be abbreviated:
assistant, associate, association, attorney or attorney general, assemblyman,
department professor; orXmasfor Christma s
-
Mr. and Mrs. must be abbreviated and capitalized before names: Mr.Johnson
Mrs.That cher
-
military titlesand titles of policeand fire officials must be abbreviated before
names:
Sgt. Tom Williams
retired Army Gen. John Look
firedCapt. Johnny Thomson
detective Lt. Mary Williams
Navy Capt. Steve Clark
- the wordpresident is never abbreviated:
Formerpresident William Jefferson Clinton
President Vladimir Putin
-
World War Ior World War II must not be abbreviated. (Note that the numbers are
Roman numerals, not Arabic figures).
CAPITALIZATION
- as a general rule, there are capitalized bothdistingu ishing andnon-distinguishing
words in the names of places and things:
3

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