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Published by api-3751998

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Published by: api-3751998 on Oct 15, 2008
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V\u00f4 T\u1eadn trong l\u00f2ng b\u00e0n tay
Vietsciences-\u0110\u1ed7 Kim Th\u00eam
27/ 09/ 2005
C\u1ea3m t\u01b0\u1edfng v\u1ec1 quy\u1ec3n "The quantum and the lotus"
V\u00f4 T\u1eadn trong l\u00f2ng b\u00e0n tay. T\u1eeb thuy\u1ebft \u00d0\u1ea1i b\u00f9ng n\u1ed5 \u0111\u1ebfn Gi\u00e1c ng\u1ed9
Nguy\u00ean b\u1ea3n Ph\u00e1p ng\u1eef:

L'infini dans la paume de la main. Du Big Bang \u00e0 l'\u00c9veil
T\u00e1c g\u1ec9\u1ea3: Matthieu Ricard v\u00e0 Tr\u1ecbnh Xu\u00e2n Thu\u1eadn
Nh\u00e0 xu\u1ea5t b\u1ea3n: Fayard/Nil, Paris 2000
ISBN 2-84111-174-1.

B\u1ea3n d\u1ecbch Anh Ng\u1eef:

The Quantum and the Lotus, A journey to the Frontiers where Science and
Buddhism meet; Publisher Crown Pub, August 2001, 1st Edition
ISBN 0-60960-854-1

\u00d0\u1ea1i \u00fd:

S\u1ef1 d\u1ecb bi\u1ec7t gi\u1eefa t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o v\u00e0 khoa h\u1ecdc\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c\u0111\u00e1nh d\u1ea5u kh\u1edfi\u0111\u1ea7u t\u1eeb lu\u1eadn\u0111\u1ec1 c\u1ee7a Galil\u00e9e v\u00e0 t\u1eeb\u0111\u00f3\u0111\u00e3 khi\u1ebfn nhi\u1ec1u ng\u01b0\u1eddi cho l\u00e0 hai th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi n\u00e0y kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 n\u00e0o g\u1eb7p nhau\u0111\u1ef1\u01a1c. Einstein khi\u0111\u1ed1i chi\u1ebfu Ph\u1eadt Gi\u00e1o v\u1edbi c\u00e1c t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o kh\u00e1c\u0111\u00e3 cho l\u00e0: n\u1ebfu c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o c\u00f3 th\u1ec3\u0111\u00e1p\u1ee9ng\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u1eefng nhu c\u1ea7u\u0111\u00f2i h\u1ecfi c\u1ee7a khoa h\u1ecdc, th\u00ec ch\u00ednh\u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o. Einstein mu\u1ed1n n\u00f3i t\u1edbi t\u00ednh c\u00e1ch thu\u1ea7n l\u00fd v\u00e0 th\u1ef1c ti\u1ec3n c\u1ee7a Ph\u1eadt Gi\u00e1o, khi \u00f4ng so s\u00e1nh th\u1ea5y c\u00e1c t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o kh\u00e1c ch\u1ec9 d\u1ef1a tr\u00ean kinh\u0111i\u1ec3n v\u00e0 gi\u00e1o\u0111i\u1ec1u.

\u00d0\u00fang nh\u01b0\u0111i\u1ec1u Einstein c\u1ea3m nh\u1eadn, Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed1i th\u1ecdai v\u1edbi khoa h\u1ecdc, c\u1ea3 hai kh\u00f4ng nh\u1eefng kh\u00f4ng\u0111\u1ed1i kh\u00e1ng m\u00e0 c\u00f2n b\u1ed5 khuy\u1ebft cho nhau trong vi\u1ec7c t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u khoa h\u1ecdc hi\u1ec7n\u0111\u1ea1i v\u00e0\u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng tinh th\u1ea7n c\u1ee7a t\u1eebng c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 trong n\u1ed7 l\u1ef1c v\u1ec1s\u1ef1ch\u1ebfng\u1ef1 thi\u00ean nhi\u00ean v\u00e0 k\u1ec1m ch\u1ebfb\u1ea3n ng\u00e3 \u0111\u1ec3t\u00ecm

\u0111\u01b0\u1eddng tho\u00e1t kh\u1ed5. \u00d0\u00f3 l\u00e0 n\u1ed9i dung ch\u00ednh c\u1ee7a cu\u1ed1n s\u00e1ch s\u1ebd \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u sau
\u0111\u00e2y. T\u00e1c ph\u1ea9m n\u00e0y l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t c\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh \u0111\u00e1ng k\u1ec3nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u00f3ng g\u00f3p v\u00e0o s\u1ef1 t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u

t\u01b0\u01a1ng quan gi\u1eefa Khoa h\u1ecdc hi\u1ec7n\u0111\u1ea1i v\u00e0 Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o v\u00e0\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh trong khu\u00f4n kh\u1ed5 m\u1ed9t cu\u1ed9c h\u1ed9i th\u1ea3o t\u1ea1i \u00d0\u1ea1i H\u1ecdc Andorre, Ph\u00e1p, gi\u1eefa m\u1ed9t Ph\u1eadt t\u1eed ng\u01b0\u1eddi Vi\u1ec7t\u0111\u00e3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh nh\u00e0 Khoa h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t nh\u00e0 Sinh h\u1ecdc ng\u01b0\u1eddi Ph\u00e1p\u0111\u00e3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh tu s\u0129 Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o.

T\u00e1c gi\u1ea3:

\u00d4ng Tr\u1ecbnh Xu\u00e2n Thu\u1eadn, gi\u00e1o s\u01b0 \u00d0\u1ea1i h\u1ecdc Virginia Hoa k\u1ef3 ng\u00e0nh V\u1eadt l\u00fd thi\u00ean th\u1ec3 (Astrophysique), c\u0169ng l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi theo\u0111\u1ea1o Ph\u1eadt. V\u1edbi hai t\u00e1c ph\u1ea9m khoa h\u1ecdc l\u00e0 La M\u00e9lodie secr\u00e8te v\u00e0 Le Chaos et l'Harmonie (nxb Fayard 1988 v\u00e0 1998) \u00f4ng l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t t\u00e1c gi\u1ea3 n\u1ed5i danh. (1)

\u00d4ng Matthieu Ricard, Ti\u1ebfn s\u0129 Sinh h\u1ecdc (Biologie), ng\u01b0\u1edd\u00ec Ph\u00e1p. Sau nhi\u1ec1u n\u0103m l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c v\u1ec1 Di truy\u1ec1n h\u1ecdc t\u1ea1i Institut Pasteur, Paris, \u00f4ng\u0111\u00e3\u0111\u1ec3 t\u00e2m nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o v\u00e0 quy\u1ebft\u0111\u1ecbnh tho\u00e1t t\u1ee5c, tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh m\u1ed9t tu s\u0129 Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o. \u00d4ng hi\u1ec7n tu t\u1eadp

t\u1ea1i m\u1ed9t thi\u1ec1n vi\u1ec7n\u1edf Schechen, g\u1ea7n Katmandou, N\u00e9pal. \u00d4ng c\u0169ng l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t t\u00e1c gi\u1ea3 n\u1ed5i ti\u1ebfng t\u1ea1i Ph\u00e1p v\u1edbi t\u00e1c ph\u1ea9m Le Moine et le philosophe (Matthieu Ricard/Jean-Fran\u00e7ois Revel , nxb NiL 1997) v\u00e0 nhi\u1ec1u t\u00e1c ph\u1ea9m kh\u00e1c.

N\u1ed9i dung t\u00e1c ph\u1ea9m:

S\u00e1ch g\u1ed3m c\u00f3 19 ch\u01b0\u01a1ng, ph\u1ea7n nh\u1eadp\u0111\u1ec1, hai k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn cu\u1ea3 hai t\u00e1c gi\u1ea3, ph\u1ea7n ch\u00fa th\u00edch, hai ph\u1ea7n ch\u00fa g\u1ec9\u1ea3i thu\u1eadt ng\u1eef Khoa h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 Ph\u1eadt h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 l\u1eddi c\u00e1m\u01a1n c\u00e1c c\u1ed9ng t\u00e1c vi\u00ean.

Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 1:

\u00d0\u1ed1i tho\u1ea1i m\u1edf \u0111\u1ea7u nh\u1eb1m x\u00e1c\u0111\u1ecbnh kh\u1ea3o h\u01b0\u1edbng kh\u00e1c nhau c\u1ee7a hai l\u00e3nh v\u1ef1c khoa h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o. Khoa h\u1ecdc th\u00ec nh\u1eb1m t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u nh\u1eefng b\u00ed\u1ea9n c\u1ee7a cu\u1ed9c\u0111\u1eddi v\u00e0 chinh ph\u1ee5c thi\u00ean nhi\u00ean, trong khi Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o nh\u1eafm h\u01b0\u1edbng gi\u1ea3i tho\u00e1t con ng\u01b0\u1eddi ra kh\u1ecfi nh\u1eefng\u0111au kh\u1ed5 b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u b\u1ea3n ch\u1ea5t ch\u00e2n th\u1ef1c c\u1ee7a\u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng tinh th\u1ea7n v\u00e0 khuy\u1ebfn kh\u00edch vi\u1ec7c tu t\u1eadp v\u00e0 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n l\u00f2ng t\u1eeb bi. \u00d0\u1ea1o\u0111\u1ee9c Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o c\u0169ng\u0111\u00f3ng g\u00f3p kh\u00f4ng nh\u1eefng h\u1eefu \u00edch trong nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u khoa h\u1ecdc m\u00e0 c\u00f2n trong

\u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n c\u1ee7a nh\u00e0 nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u. C\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u ph\u1ea3i nh\u1eb1m c\u00e1c

c\u00f4ng ich chung h\u01a1n l\u00e0 theo\u0111u\u1ed5i nh\u1eefng t\u01b0 l\u1ee3i c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n, m\u00e0\u0111\u1ea1o\u0111\u1ee9c c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n c\u1ee7a nh\u00e0 khoa h\u1ecdc c\u0169ng kh\u00f4ng k\u00e9m ph\u1ea7n quan tr\u1ecdng. Nh\u1eefng t\u00ednh t\u00ecnh c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n cu\u1ea3 Newton, Philipp Lenard v\u00e0 Johannes Stark\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c n\u00eau l\u00ean nh\u01b0 nh\u1eefng tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p x\u1ea5u\u0111i\u1ec3n h\u00ecnh. L\u00f2ng qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea3m c\u1ee7a Einstein trong vi\u1ec7c ph\u1ea3n\u0111\u1ed1i ch\u1ebf \u0111\u1ed9 \u00d0\u1ee9c Qu\u1ed1c X\u00e3, ch\u1ed1ng th\u1ea3 bom nguy\u00ean t\u1eed v\u00e0 ch\u1ebf \u0111\u1ed9 ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t ch\u1ee7ng t\u1ed9c\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ca ng\u1ee3i v\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t c\u00f4ng \u00edch, trong khi\u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng c\u0169ng c\u00f3\u0111\u00f4i\u0111i\u1ec1u\u0111\u00e1ng n\u00f3i. C\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u Hisato Yoshimura\u0111\u00f3ng g\u00f3p v\u1ec1 l\u00e3nh v\u1ef1c khoa h\u1ecdc m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng, tuy\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nhi\u1ec1u gi\u1ea3i th\u01b0\u01a1ng cao qu\u00fd c\u1ee7a Nh\u1eadt, nh\u01b0ng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng c\u00e1ch th\u1eed nghi\u1ec7m c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c coi l\u00e0 v\u00f4 nh\u00e2n\u0111\u1ea1o. T\u00ednh v\u1ecb tha v\u00e0 l\u00f2ng tr\u00e1ch nhi\u1ec7m trong Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o c\u0169ng l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t\u0111\u1ecbnh h\u01b0\u1edbng c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft cho khoa h\u1ecdc h\u00ec\u1ec7n\u0111\u1ea1i: c\u00e1c c\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u v\u00e0 c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh qu\u1ea3 khoa h\u1ecdc kh\u00f4ng n\u00ean g\u00e2y\u0111au kh\u1ed5 cho tha nh\u00e2n. Nh\u01b0ng\u0111i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y th\u1eadt ra qu\u00e1 kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n cho ng\u01b0\u1eddi nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u, ai c\u00f3 ng\u1edd l\u00fd thuy\u1ebft t\u01b0\u01a1ng\u0111\u1ed1i c\u1ee7a Einstein l\u1ea1i \u00e1p d\u1ee5ng v\u00e0o vi\u1ec7c ch\u1ebf bom nguy\u00ean t\u1eed \u0111\u1ec3 t\u00e0n s\u00e1t d\u00e2n Nh\u1eadt t\u1ea1i Hiroshima v\u00e0 Nagasaki. M\u1ee5c ti\u00eau c\u1ee7a\u0111\u1ea1o\u0111\u1ee9c kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 k\u1ec1m h\u00e3m l\u1ea1i c\u00e1c nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u khoa h\u1ecdc, m\u00e0 l\u00e0m sao n\u00eau l\u00ean\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c\u0111\u1ee9c t\u00ednh v\u1ecb tha trong Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o\u0111\u1ec3 l\u00e0m n\u1ec1n t\u1ea3ng cho m\u1ecdi ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng khoa h\u1ecdc. M\u1ed9t th\u00ed d\u1ee5 m\u1edbi m\u1ebb kh\u00e1c

\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c n\u00eau l\u00ean l\u00e0 vi\u1ec7c lai t\u1ea1o v\u00f4 t\u00ednh (le clonage). Nhi\u1ec1u t\u00f4n gi\u00e1o kh\u00e1c \u0111\u00e3 ph\u1ea3n
\u0111\u1ed1i vi\u1ec7c nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u n\u00e0y ch\u1ec9 v\u00ec l\u00fd do \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n h\u01a1n: gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb thi\u00eang li\u00eang c\u1ee7a \u00d0\u1ea5ng

S\u00e1ng Th\u1ebf kh\u00f4ng c\u00f2n n\u1eefa. Trong khi\u0111\u00f3 th\u00ec v\u1ea5n\u0111\u1ec1 n\u00e0y\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o nh\u00ecn d\u01b0\u1edbi m\u1ed9t kh\u00eda c\u1ea1nh ph\u00f3ng kho\u00e1ng, it gi\u00e1o\u0111i\u1ec1u h\u01a1n, b\u1edfi v\u00ec trong Ph\u1eadt gi\u00e1o kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 v\u1ea5n\u0111\u1ec1 \u00d0\u1ea5ng S\u00e1ng T\u1ea1o. Theo t\u00e1c gi\u1ea3, c\u0169ng n\u00ean ch\u1ea5p nh\u1eadn vi\u1ec7c lai t\u1ea1o v\u00f4 t\u00ednh,

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