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Table Of Contents

Introduction
The Boundary Condition
The Compartment Fire
Compartment Fire Models
General Remarks on Computer Based CFM’s
Zone Models
CFD Codes
References
1. INTRODUCTION
2. HISTORY
2.1 FIRE RESISTANCE
2.2 EQUIVALENT FIRE EXPOSURE
2.2.1 Traditional versus modern office buildings
2.2.2 Eurocode 1
2.3 Natural fire safety concept
2.4 Critical temperatures of single elements of structure in fire
2.4.1 External structural steel
2.4.2 Load Ratio
2.4.3 Swedish Design Guide
2.5 Broadgate fire and the Cardington tests
2.6 Collapse of the WTC towers 9-11
3. CASE STUDY 1- MEDIUM RISE OFFICE BUILDING
3.1 Failure criteria in composite frame structures
3.2 The fe model
3.3 Structure temperatures
3.4 RESULTS: Proposed structure with unprotected secondary steel beams
3.5 RESULTS:Fully protected structure
3.6 Significance of results
4. CASE STUDY 2 HIGH RISE HIGH RISK BUILDING IN FIRE
5. CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
Professor Geoff Cox
Building Research Establishment, UK
INTRODUCTION
FIELD AND ZONE MODELS
FIELD MODELS-RANS, LES and DNS
VALIDITY OF MODELLING
SOME APPLICATIONS OF MODELLING
FIRE STANDARDS
CONCLUSION
Using Buildings as Weapons
Terrorist Arson as a Special Risk
ARSON and SABOTAGE
Grandfathering
ARSON and the release of stored energy
Effect of Fire
Arson Inputs and Outputs
Thresholds
Fire Growth
Fire Power
Fast Fire Growth
Fire Hazard of Contents
Building and Fire codes
Fire power and building thresholds
Multiple Ignitions
Sabotage
Public Perceptions and Reactions to Fire
Analyzing Arson as a Terrorist Weapon
Terrorist Arson and Terrorist Bombings
Raising Thresholds and reducing leverage
Assessing Vulnerability to Terrorist Arson
Regulating The Risk Of Terrorist Arson
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
APPENDIX A
Full details: www.royalsoced.org.uk
APPENDIX B
Professor Dougal Drysdale FRSE
Mr Christopher Mackay
Mr Bill Smart
Professor Ian Stevenson FRSE
Mr Paul Stollard
Dr Jose Torero
Dr Asif Usmani
Ms Susan Walker
Corus and FM Global Research
APPENDIX C
APPENDIX D
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Fire Structures

Fire Structures

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Published by: askro on Oct 10, 2011
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