Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
nibbana

nibbana

Ratings: (0)|Views: 14|Likes:
Published by api-3721222

More info:

Published by: api-3721222 on Oct 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

edA\u00c1meft,ltqudk
ax&0g'\u00bdIaxmihfrSavhvmokH;oyfjcif;
q&mawmf OD;"r\u00aeyd,Ph.D.
NIBB\u0100NA IN THERAV\u0100DA PERSPECTIVE
by
Sayadaw U Dhammapia, Ph.D.
t&Sifauvmo jrefrmjyefonf
2
twGif;zkH;ax\u00bdky\u00dcw\u00e5d
a'gufwm "r\u00aeyd,q&mawmfonf jrefrmEdkifiH\u00fc zG

m;jrifonf/ toufudk;ESpfwGif omraPjyKNyD; ESpfq,ft\u00bdG,f\u00fc ax&0g'&[ef;awmf jzpfvmonf/ 1980 jynfhESpfwGif ygVdusrf;*efrsm; (wwf ajrmufjcif;)jzihf omoe"Z"r\u00aemp&d,bGJU&&SdcJhonf/ xdkESpfwGifyif &efukefNrdKU? r[mpnfomoemh &dyfom\u00fc 0dy\u00f3emur\u00ae|mef;w&m; tm;xkwfcJhonf/

1982 wGif r[mpnfomoemh&dyf\u00fc tNrJoDwif;okH;&[ef;awmf jzpfvmonf/ \u00fe&dyfom\u00fc oDwif;okH;pOf &[ef; omraP oDv&Sif a,m*Drsm;tm; 0dy\u00f3emur\u00ae|mef;udk oifMum;ay;NyD; jrefrmEdkifiH NrdKUe,ftrsm;tjym;\u00fc w&m;pcef;rsm;udk OD;pD;zGifhvSpfay;cJhonf/

1986 wGif rav;&Sm;EdkifiH? yDeefNrdKU? rav;&Sm;Ak'\u00a8bmomw&m;&dyfom (MBMC) \u00fc oDwif; okH;aexdkif&ef q&mawmfOD;y@dwmbd0Ho (y@dwm&mrq&mawmf) \ wm0efay;tyfjcif;cH& onf/ yDeefwGifoDwif;okH;pOf a'ocHESihfjynfya,m*Drsm;tm; w&m;jyNyD; q&mawmf OD;y@dwm- bd0Ho\"r\u00aec&D;wGif puFmyl? xkdif;? eDayg? ,lau? *smreD? MopaMwvs? uae'gESifh tar&duef jynfaxmifpkEdkifiHrsm;odkY vdkufygcJhonf/

1992 wGif tar&duefjynfaxmifpk? umvDzdk;eD;,m;jynfe,f? qef[dkaq; (San Jose) NrdKU? wxm*ww&m;&dyfom ausmif;xdkifq&mawmftjzpf yihfzdwfjcif;cH&NyD; 0dy\u00f3emur\u00ae|mef;\u00bdIrSwf enf;udk \u00f1TefMum;jyoonf/ aEG&moDausmif;ydwf&ufrsm;\u00fc vli,frsm;tm; Ak'\u00a8bmom ,Ofaus; rItajccHrsm;udk oifMum;ay;onf/

\u00few&m;&dyfom\u00fc oDwif;okH;pOf 1997 wGif bDat (bmomw&m;rsm; EIdif;,SOfavhvmrI)
bGJUESihf 1998 wGif qef[dkaq;pwdwf,leDAmpDwDrS trfat ('\u00f3eduaA') bGJUwdkYudk &&SdcJhonf/

1999 wGif q&mawmfonf umvDzdk;eD;,m;jynfe,f? z&D;armifh (Fremont) NrdKU\u00fc arw\u00e5meE\u00b4 0d[m&"r\u00ae&dyfomtrnf&Sd ur\u00ae|mef;Xmetopfwpfck wnfaxmifcJhonf/ a,m*Dtopfrsm;ESihf w&m;tm;xkwfNyD;a,m*Drsm;tm; 0dy\u00f3emur\u00ae|mef;udk qufvufoifMum;ay;NyD; vli,frsm; tm; Ak'\u00a8bmomtajccHoifwef;rsm; zGif;vSpfydkYcsay;onf/ q&mawmf\ &efukefNrdKU ig;usrf;jyef omoemh&dyfom\u00fcvnf; ,if;vli,foifwef;enf;twdkif;yif ydkYcsay;onf/ omoemjyKvkyfief; rsm;udk tm;oGefBudK;yrf;ae&if;uyif q&mawmfonf 2003 ckESpfwGif qef

z&efpp\u00f6udkNrdKU? umvD
zdk;eD;,m;ody\u00dcHausmif; (California Institute) rS a'gufwmbGJUudk NyD;ajrmufatmifjrifcJhonf/
q&mawmf\ udk,fusKd;pGefYaqmif\u00bdGufrIaMumihf tar&duefjynfaxmifpk? jrefrmESihf tjcm;
aomEdkifiHrsm;rS w&m;tm;xkwfolrsm;pGmwdkY w&m;"r\u00aetESpfom&udk cHpm;EdkifMuonf/
3
aemufausmzkH;
]..usrf;jyKolonf pmzwfoltm; rdrdESihftwl tvG,fwul ac:aqmifoGm;Edkif&ef &Sif;vif;NyD;
b0ifusavmufatmif a&;om;xm;onf ..}
(q&mawmf OD;oDvmeE\u00b4\ trSmpmrS)

\u00feavhvmcsufonf Ak'\u00a80g'DESihf Ak'\u00a80g'Dr[kwfol ynm&Sifrsm;\ edA\u00c1meft"dy\u00dcm,faumuf,lykHrsm; udk a0zefqef;ppf&ef BudK;yrf;rIjzpfonf/ Ak'\u00a80g'Dynm&SifwdkY\ usrf;pmrsm;rSm pmawGUESihf vufawGUvnf;jzpfEdkifzG,f&Sdaom avhvmod&SdrIrSwpfqifh ygVdawmfusrf;*efrsm;udk tajccHonf [k ,lqEdkifonf/ Ak'\u00a80g'Dr[kwfolrsm;\ usrf;pmrsm;rSmrl \u00a4if;wdkY\t,l0g'a&;&m \u00bdIjrifrIESihf '\u00f3eqdkif&m csOf;uyfenf;jzihf edA\u00c1meftaMumif;udkavhvm\u00ed em;vnfod&SdrItay:wGif rsm;pGm tajccHEdkif zG,f&Sdonf/

odkYjzpf\u00ed azmfjyygyk*\u00beKdvfrsm;\ edA\u00c1meft"dy\u00dcm,fzGifhqdkrIrsm;\u00fc taumif;jrifESihf tqdk;jrifazmfjy csufrsm; yg0ifywfoufaeonf/ odkYwap \u00feavhvmcsufonf ,if; Ak'\u00a80g'DESihf Ak'\u00a80g'Dr[kwfol ynm&SifwdkY\ edA\u00c1meft"dy\u00dcm,fzGifhqdkrIrsm;udk rSm;onf[kjzpfap rSefonf[kjzpfap azmfjy&ef rBudK; yrf;acs/ wpfzefvnf; ygVdusrf;*ef

rsm;rSm rsm;jym;vSonhfjyif Ak'\u00a80g'pmay&if;jrpfrsm; aygrsm; <u,f0vSojzihf \u00feavhvmcsuf\u00fc ygVdawmf? t|uxm? #Dum usrf;pmtm;vkH; jynfhjynhfpkHpkH yg0ifEdkifjcif;r&Sdyg/

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->