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Modeling Turbulent Flows

# Modeling Turbulent Flows

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08/21/2013

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\u00a9 Fluent Inc. 2/20/01
D1
Fluent Software Training
TRN-99-003
Modeling Turbulent Flows
\u00a9 Fluent Inc. 2/20/01
D2
Fluent Software Training
TRN-99-003
uUnsteady, aperiodic motion in which all three velocity components
fluctuate\u00d5mixing matter, momentum, and energy.
uDecompose velocity into mean and fluctuating parts:
Ui(t)\u2261 Ui + ui(t)
uSimilar fluctuations for pressure, temperature, and species
concentration values.
What is Turbulence?
Time
Ui (t)
Ui
ui(t)
\u00a9 Fluent Inc. 2/20/01
D3
Fluent Software Training
TRN-99-003
Why Model Turbulence?
uDirect numerical simulation of governing equations is only possible for
simple low-Re flows.
uInstead, we solve Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS)
equations:
where
(Reynolds stresses)
uTime-averaged statistics of turbulent velocity fluctuations arem o d e l e d
using functions containing empirical constants and information about
the mean flow.
uLarge Eddy Simulation numerically resolves large eddies and models
small eddies.
w/o body forces)
j
i
ij
u
u
R
\u03c1
\u2212
=
j
ij
j
j
i
i
ki
k
x
R
x
x
U
xp
x
U
U
\u2202
\u2202
+
\u2202
\u2202\u2202
+
\u2202\u2202
\u2212
=
\u2202
\u2202
2
\u00b5
\u03c1

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