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Saberes y prácticas andinas. UNSa 2011.

Saberes y prácticas andinas. UNSa 2011.

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Published by Álvaro Guaymás

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Published by: Álvaro Guaymás on Oct 10, 2011
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10/11/2011

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ZFNXJ]YNABA FBINLFB@ AJ YB@QBHbiz`qba aj Injfinby Fbqz}b`jy
‐NN Ol}fbaby Nfqj}anyin{`nfb}nby aj Jyqzanly ~ [}âiqniby Bfanfby―
 
B{}lmbal {l} ]jyl`zinùf? ]%IAFBQ%=;22%9>8
Inzaba aj Yb`qb, =:, =8 ~ =4 aj Liqzm}j aj =;22
[}jyjfqbinùf?
Yndznjfal ilf j` q}bmbol ~ ile{}lenyl byzenal jf j` bòl =;;7 ilf `b }jb`nbinùf aj `by[}nej}by Ol}fbaby Nfqj}anyin{`nfb}jy aj Jyqzanly ~ [}âiqniby Bfanfby, `b Iâqja}b aj]jb`naba Bd}l{jizb}nb ~ Iz`qnxly Bfanfly aj `b Hbiz`qba aj Injfinby Fbqz}b`jy nfxnqb b{b}qnin{b} jf yz yjdzfab janinùf b ``jxb}yj b ibml jfq}j `ly aåby =: ~ =4 aj liqzm}j aj`{}jyjfqj bòl jf j` ibe{zy zfnxj}ynqb}nl&J` jxjfql jyqâ an}ndnal b alijfqjy, nfxjyqndbal}jy, jyqzanbfqjy ~ {ÿm`nil nfqj}jybal rzjgb~bf ajyb}}l``baly q}bmboly aj nfxjyqndbinùf ~l jwqjfynùf jf `b }jdnùf bfanfb ajfzjyq}b {}lxnfinb& Jf jyqj yjfqnal j` joj ijfq}b` aj `b ilfxlibql}nb jy djfj}b} zf jy{binljf alfaj yj jfizjfq}j `by eÿ`qn{`jy hl}eby aj q}bmbol ajyaj `by anhj}jfqjy anyin{`nfbyinjfqåhniby&@b }jdnùf bfanfb aj fzjyq}b {}lxnfinb jyqâ {lm`bab {l} ilezfnabajy bfijyq}b`jy rzjgbf ylyqjfnal nfnfqj}}ze{nabejfqj yzy ybmj}jy ~ {}âiqniby b `l `b}dl aj `ly bòly& @banxj}ynaba jf yzy iz`qnxly, j` zyl anxj}yl aj `ly jy{binly ~ `b }j`binùf jrzn`nm}bab ~{j}ebfjfqj ilf `b fbqz}b`jb ylf `by ib}biqj}åyqniby rzj `by najfqnhnibf, ynjfal jyqjilflinenjfql {liby xjijy ilflinal jf jy{binly bibaîenily aj hl}ebinùf& [l} jyqlilfynaj}bely fjijyb}nl djfj}b} jy{binly jf `b zfnxj}ynaba rzj {j}enqbf j` jfizjfq}l aj`by eÿ`qn{`jy en}baby anyin{`nfb}nby, b q}bxîy aj `b }jiz{j}binùf aj q}bmboly ajnfxjyqndbinùf ~ jwqjfynùf fzjxly ~l {}jyjfqbaly jf lq}ly jxjfqly bibaîenily ~iz`qz}b`jy&
Lmojqnxl Djfj}b`?
% Djfj}b} zf jy{binl aj nfqjd}binùf aj ilflinenjfqly, aj nfxjyqndbinùf ~ jwqjfynùf,ylm}j `by {}âiqniby iz`qz}b`jy ~ elaly aj xnab aj `ly yjiql}jy ibe{jynfly aj `b }jdnùfbfanfb&
Lmojqnxly Jy{jiåhnily?
% Anhzfan} nfxjyqndbinlfjy j nfqj}ibemnb} ilflinenjfqly aj {}âiqniby iz`qz}b`jy bfanfby?`nfdðåyqniby, bd}lfùeniby, b`nejfqninby, jazibqnxby, ylinb`jy, gnyqù}niby ~ {l`åqniby&% [}lelinlfb} ~ anhzfan} zyly iz`nfb}nly ilf b`nejfqly bfanfly {}l{nly aj `b }jdnùf&
 
Ejqlal`ldåb
?J` jxjfql yj ajyb}}l``b}â b q}bxîy aj `b jw{lyninùf ~ {}jyjfqbinùf aj {lyqj}y,ilfhj}jfinby ebdnyq}b`jy, ejyby aj {lfjfinby ~ jy{binly iz`qz}b`jy alfaj yjjfilfq}b}âf `b eÿynib, `ly ybml}jy ~ b}leby aj fzjyq}ly bfajy&
Hl}eby aj [b}qnin{binùf?[}jyjfqbinùf aj [lfjfinby?
 ]jyzejf
? Qåqz`l aj `b [lfjfinbJw{j}njfinb % Bzql}bjy 'ilfyndfbfal Flem}jy ~B{j``naly. % Alenin`nl
 ’ 
Qj`îhlfl
 ’ 
Il}}jl J`jiq}ùfnil
 ’ 
 Iâqja}bIjfq}lNfyqnqzqlZfnaba Bibaîenib 'yn il}}jy{lfaj.&J` }jyzejf ajmj}â qjfj} zfb jwqjfynùf eåfneb aj =:; {b`bm}by ~ eâwneb 9;; {b`bm}by&Bajeây yj ajmj}â nfanib} infil ':. {b`bm}by i`bxjy&
[lfjfinb Ile{`jqb
?
 
`jq}b Qnejy Fjt ]lebf 2=, nfqj}`nfjbal 2,:& Jwqjfynùf eåfneb 2;{âdnfby ~ eâwneb aj 2: globy, nfi`z~jfal inqby ~ mnm`nld}bhåb& Glob qbebòl B1,eâ}djfjy yz{j}nl}jy, nfhj}nl}jy ~ `bqj}b`jy aj =&: ie& Alizejfql aj Tl}a ]QH&@b mnm`nld}bhåb l}ajfbab b`hbmîqnibejfqj {l} b{j``nal aj` bzql}, qjfnjfal jf izjfqb j`yndznjfqj joje{`l?
B[J@@NAL, Flem}jBòl 'jy{binl. Qnqz`l aj `b lm}b, Inzaba, Janql}nb`&[}jyjfqbinùf aj ]j`bqly aj Jw{j}njfinb?
@by jw{j}njfinby qjfa}âf zfb jwqjfynùf eâwneb aj 2: globy bajizâfalyj b `bynfanibinlfjy aj `b {}jyjfqbinùf aj {lfjfinby&
[}jyjfqbinùf aj [ùyqj}y
 @ly {ùyqj}jy ajmj}âf yj} {}jyjfqbaly {l} yzy bzql}jy j` aåb aj` ilenjfl aj` Jfizjfq}ljf `ly `zdb}jy rzj yj byndfb}bf {}jxnbejfqj {l} `b ilenynùf l}dbfnbal}b& Yj ajmj}âjfxnb} zf }jyzejf {b}b yz ilfynaj}binùf&Ilfaninlfjy aj {b}qnin{binùf?%
 
[}jyjfqbinùf aj 2 q}bmbol {l} bzql} 'izb`rznj}b yjb yz elab`naba.%
 
[l} q}bmbol gbyqb zf eâwnel aj 1 bzql}jy 'izb`rznj}b yjb yz elab`naba.
Hjigby Ne{l}qbfqjy?
[}jyjfqbinùf aj }jyÿejfjy {lfjfinby ~ {lyqj} jf hl}ebql o{d?
`zfjy 24 aj liqzm}j&
 Jfq}jdb aj [lyqj} ne{}jyl?
`zfjy =1 aj liqzm}j&
 
Nfyi}n{inùf ~ B}bfij`jy?
@b nfyi}n{inùf yj }jb`nb b` nfninl aj` jxjfql&@b ilenynùf l}dbfnbal}b gb {}jxnyql j` fl ilm}l aj b}bfij`&
 
L}dbfnbf
?Iâqja}b ]jb`naba Bd}l{jizb}nb ~ Iz`qnxly Bfanfly& Jyizj`b aj Bd}lfleåb& Hbiz`qba ajInjfinby Fbqz}b`jy& [}l~jiql NFQB%BZAJBY&Ill}anfbinùf? Nfd& Fî`nab Mb~ùf aj Ql}jfb j Nfd& Xj}ùfnib Ibyqn``l& Jyizj`b ajBd}lfleåb aj `b Hbiz`qba aj Injfinby Fbqz}b`jy&
[b}qnin{bf?
Hbiz`qba aj Gzebfnabajy b q}bxîy aj` Ijfq}l aj Nfxjyqndbinùf aj @jfdzby, Jazibinùf ~Iz`qz}by Nfaådjfby 'IN@JIN. ~ Ijfq}l aj Nfxjyqndbinlfjy Ylinb`jy ~ Jazibqnxby aj`Fl}qj B}djfqnfl 'INYJF.&Hbiz`qba aj Injfinby aj `b Yb`zaHbiz`qba aj Injfinby JwbiqbyHbiz`qba aj Nfdjfnj}åbYjaj ]jdnlfb` Qb}qbdb`Yjaj ]jdnlfb` L}âfIlfyjol aj Nfxjyqndbinùf aj `b Zfnxj}ynaba Fbinlfb` aj Yb`qb 'INZFYb.Ijfq}l aj Nfxjyqndbinùf aj Ajyb}}l``l ~ Jazibinùf, Ilfyzel ~ Bemnjfqj 'INAJIYB.Nfyqnqzql Fbinlfb` aj Qjifl`ldåb Bd}l{jizb}nb 'NFQB.
Nfhl}ejy?
 Nfd& Bd}l& Fî`nab Mb~lf aj Ql}jfb 'Ill}a&.
Mlw 2;=
 ’ 
Bd}lfleåb& Qj`? ';974. 2:1=;4292Il}}jl j`jiq}ùfnil?  ol}fbabybfanfbyK~bgll&ile&b} 
 Jfilfq}bfly jf
Ol}fbaby Bfanfby
 
[]LD]BEB AJ BIQNXNABAJY
 
Eb}qjy =: aj liqzm}jHBIZ@QBA AJ GZEBFNABAJYJoj aj Q}bmbol? Ybmj}jy ~ {}âiqniby iz`qz}b`jy bfanfby
Bzanql}nze aj `b Hbiz`qba aj Injfinby Fbqz}b`jy2;?;; gy& b 29? ;; gy& Jw{lyninùf aj [lyqj}29?;; gy& Bi}janqbinlfjy21?;; gy& Biql aj B{j}qz}b21?=; gy& Ilfhj}jfinb Ebdnyq}b`2:&;; gy& [}jyjfqbinùf Iz`qz}b`2:&9; gy& Anyj}qbinlfjy aj Nfxjyqndbal}jy aj `b Hbiz`qba2>&;; gy& Inj}}j aj Ilfhj}jfinby
Enî}il`jy =8 aj liqzm}jHBIZ@QBA AJ INJFINBY AJ @B YB@ZA, JWBIQBY J NFDJFNJ]ÅB
 
Joj aj Q}bmbol? Fzq}ninùf ~ qjifl`ldåb aj b`nejfqly bfanfly
Bzanql}nze aj `b Hbiz`qba aj Injfinby Fbqz}b`jy2;?;; gy b 29? ;; gy& Jw{lyninùf aj [lyqj}y

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