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Eddington Expedition Prouza

Eddington Expedition Prouza

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Published by Zeynel1
Eddington reported special relativity succesfully predicted the bending of light in the vicinity of the sun. But there is a problem: about 15 expeditions repeated his measurements, all without success.

Michal Prouza was a member of such an expedition arranged by the Czech Astronomy association in 1999 and was a supporter of TR. Notwithstanding, his writings disclaim Eddington‘s measurement. http://sirrah.troja.mff.cuni.cz/~dond/clanek.html (in Czech)
Eddington reported special relativity succesfully predicted the bending of light in the vicinity of the sun. But there is a problem: about 15 expeditions repeated his measurements, all without success.

Michal Prouza was a member of such an expedition arranged by the Czech Astronomy association in 1999 and was a supporter of TR. Notwithstanding, his writings disclaim Eddington‘s measurement. http://sirrah.troja.mff.cuni.cz/~dond/clanek.html (in Czech)

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Published by: Zeynel1 on Oct 15, 2008
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06/16/2009

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Translated by GoogleOriginal here http://sirrah.troja.mff.cuni.cz/~dond/clanek.html
Measuring the gravitational bending of light in the sun eclipse
David Ondra, Michael ProuzaObservation of bending of light in the gravitational field of the sun eclipse in 1919 was forecast, along with good packagingperihelion of Mercury accepted as the definitive confirmation of the accuracy of the general theory of relativity Albert Einstein.Although, as later revealed that confirmation was not entirely clear, the agreement (within the measurement errors) theorywith experiment and presentation of the results by the Sir Arthur Eddingtonem allow the adoption of the general theory of relativity.History ...
 
Just as with the idea that light would be in the gravitational field of physical body did not move in a straight line and its runwaycould be zakřivovat, not the first Einstein, so the observation expedition of Sir A. Eddingtona in 1919 was not the first attemptto measure the bending of light in gravitational field The sun in the solar eclipse. Already in 1801 published Johannes Soldnerwork, which derive a deviation angle light beam incorrect procedure, but reached the correct result. Albert Einstein, the firstdevoted to this issue in 1908 and came to the conclusion that the right in its calculation of Soldner. Later he realized that hezakřivuje space and not just as the beam trajectory correction came to the final relationship is on the edge of the solar discpredicts angular error approximately 1.75''. In 1916 Einstein published the general theory of relativity and its relation to thebending of light in gravitational field. This relationship began to be accepted as a test theory of relativity, but it can not beverified in any earthly lab, looking for the method of verification of astronomical observations.Since the bending of light is just at the edge of the sun very little, it is necessary to obtain many images of stars projected asclosely as possible to the sun disc. To light the stars could be so close to the Sun detected, it is necessary that the light was notpřezářeno diffuse sunlight in the atmosphere. Such a situation occurs when the full solar eclipse, although only a few minutes,but they may suffice to obtain pictures of deformed starship in the field of gravitational field of the sun. To identify the bendingof light when passing through the gravitational field is also necessary to know how a stellar field that is not distortedGravitational Field; to pořizovaly both films the same correlation in the sky at a time when there is sun - ideally about half ayear earlier or later - and the comparative images of other fields in eclipse. By comparing images starship in the same field inthe eclipse and a half years later (earlier) then shifts to get the stars around the sun - it's convenient to calculate the value of 
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bending on the edge of the sun disc.The first attempts to check the forecast phenomenon of using archival data studies were unsuccessful, as well as the firstexperiment planned for the solar eclipse in 1912 - he was unsuccessful because of bad weather. Another expedition forzatměním be held in 1914, but since the outbreak of the 1st World War II, has been canceled. The first expedition, which tookplace after 1916 (when Einstein published his general theory of relativity) with the aim of measuring the bending of light ingravitational field in the sun eclipse, the expedition Lickovy Observatory in 1918. While the imagery acquired about 50 stars inthe solar eclipse, but there was no acceptable outcome - revealed that the experiment is very demanding on the processing of data. And it can be the first successful attempt to measure the bending of light considered to be shipped to GreenwichObservatory in 1919.This expedition, which was compared with all previous undoubtedly the best prepared and equipped, finally brought theultimate proof of the theory of relativity. The reader may know something about the historical context of this expedition, willbring a brief summary of the facts. (The applicants familiar with the history of the expedition, for example referring to Article J.Grygar in the Universe No. 7 / 1999, pp 387-389.) Expedition was divided into two independent groups, one traveling northBrazil, the second on the island Principe in the Gulf of Guinea. Expedition Sobral (Brazil) conveyed astrograf from Greenwich(diameter 33 cm zacloněný to 20 cm, the focal length of 3.43 meters) and dlouhoohniskový astrograf (diameter 10 cm, thefocal length of 5.70 meters), while the island's expedition was driving astrograf identical to the shorter sobralským . All three
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