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Giao Trinh Mang May Tinh

Giao Trinh Mang May Tinh

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Published by: jrnguyen1412 on Oct 11, 2011
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04/16/2013

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- i -
TR
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- ii -
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 ng 1
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U 1
1.1Gi
 
i thi
u................................................................................11.2Phân lo
i m
ng......................................................................2
1.2.1 D
a theo kho
ng cách

a lý........................................................21.2.2 D
a theo c
u trúc m
ng...............................................................21.2.3 Theo ph
 
ng pháp chuy
n m
ch.................................................3
1.3Ki
n trúc phân t
ng và chu
n hoá m
ng..............................5
1.3.1 Các t
ch
c chu
n hoá m
ng.......................................................51.3.2 Ki
n trúc phân t
ng.....................................................................6
1.4nh OSI...........................................................................7
1.4.1 Ki
n trúc c
a mô hình OSI..........................................................71.4.2 S
ghép n
i gi
a các m
c............................................................81.4.3 Ch
c n
ng c
a m
i t
ng..............................................................91.4.4 Các giao th
c chu
n c
a OSI.....................................................11
1.5

u hành m
ng..............................................................121.6

ng Internet......................................................................13
1.6.1 L
ch s
ra
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i và phát tri
n........................................................131.6.2 C
u trúc c
a m
ng Internet........................................................141.6.3 Các ki
n trúc khác.....................................................................15
Ch
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 ng 2
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 NG V 
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T 16 
2.1Môi tr
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ng truy
n tin..........................................................16
2.1.1 Ph
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ng ti
n truy
n....................................................................162.1.2 Các thông s
c
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b
n c
a môi tr
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ng truy
n tin..........................19
2.2Chu
n giao di
n...................................................................19
2.2.1 Modem......................................................................................192.2.2 DTE DCE.............................................................................212.2.3 Chu
n RS-232C........................................................................21
Ch
 
 ng 3
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 NG LIÊN K 
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T D
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LI 
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U 22
3.1Ch
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c n
ng............................................................................223.2Các v
n

c
a t
ng liên k
t d
 
li
u...................................22
3.2.1 Cung c
p d
ch v
cho t
ng m
ng...............................................223.2.2 Khung tin - Nh
n bi
t gói tin.....................................................233.2.3 Ki
m tra l
i...............................................................................23
 
- iii -3.2.4

u khi
n lu
ng d
li
u............................................................233.2.5 Qu
n lý liên k
t.........................................................................243.2.6 Nén d
li
u khi truy
n...............................................................24
3.3Phát hi
n và hi
u ch
nh l
i..................................................24
3.3.1 Ph
 
ng pháp bit ch
n l
(Parity)................................................253.3.2 Tính theo
a th
c chu
n.............................................................253.3.3 s
a sai..................................................................................26
3.4Th
t
c liên k
t d
 
li
u c
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b
n...........................................27
3.4.1 Giao th
c
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n công v
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i kênh có l
i............................................28
3.5

u khi
n dòng truy
n.......................................................28
3.5.1 C
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ch
c
a s
............................................................................293.5.2 Trao

i b
n tin v
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i c
a s
1 bit.................................................303.5.3 V
n chuy
n liên t
c...................................................................31
3.6Các giao th
 
c c
a t
ng Liên k
t d
 
li
u.............................33
3.6.1 Giao th
c BSC...........................................................................333.6.2 Giao th
c HDLC........................................................................34
Ch
 
 ng 4

 NG C 
 
C B
37 
4.1Các c
u hình c
a m
ng LAN..............................................37
4.1.1 M
ng d
ng hình sao (Star Topology).........................................374.1.2 M
ng hình tuy
n (Bus Topology)..............................................384.1.3 M
ng d
ng vòng (Ring Topology).............................................384.1.4 M
ng d
ng k
t h
 
p....................................................................39
4.2Các giao th
 
c

u khi
n truy nh
p
 
ng truy
n...........39
4.2.1 Ph
 
ng pháp CSMA..................................................................404.2.2 Ph
 
ng pháp CSMA/CD...........................................................414.2.3

u khi
n truy nh
p bus v
 
i th
bài..........................................414.2.4

u khi
n truy nh
p vòng v
 
i th
bài........................................43
4.3Chu
n hóa m
ng c
c b
......................................................44
4.3.1 Chu
n Ethernet..........................................................................46
Ch
 
 ng 5
 
 NG M 
 
 NG 47 
5.1Các v
n

c
a t
ng m
ng...................................................47
5.1.1

nh

a ch
cho t
ng m
ng........................................................475.1.2 D
ch v
cung c
p cho t
ng giao v
n...........................................485.1.3 T
ch
c các kênh truy
n tin trong t
ng m
ng.............................495.1.4 Tìm
 
ng
i trong m
ng..........................................................505.1.5 T
c ngh
n trong m
ng...............................................................51

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